Artificial Intelligence

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A Citizen's Guide to Artificial Intelligence

Author : John Zerilli
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 233 pages
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Release : 2021-02-23
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780262044813

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A Citizen's Guide to Artificial Intelligence by John Zerilli Pdf

A concise but informative overview of AI ethics and policy. Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, has generated a staggering amount of hype in the past several years. Is it the game-changer it's been cracked up to be? If so, how is it changing the game? How is it likely to affect us as customers, tenants, aspiring home-owners, students, educators, patients, clients, prison inmates, members of ethnic and sexual minorities, voters in liberal democracies? This book offers a concise overview of moral, political, legal and economic implications of AI. It covers the basics of AI's latest permutation, machine learning, and considers issues including transparency, bias, liability, privacy, and regulation.

Artificial Intelligence and Law

Author : Rushil Chandra,Karun Sanjaya
Publisher : Academic Guru Publishing House
Page : 272 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 2024-02-29
Category : Study Aids
ISBN : 9788119843947

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Artificial Intelligence and Law by Rushil Chandra,Karun Sanjaya Pdf

‘Artificial Intelligence and Law’ is a ground-breaking book that delves into the intersection of artificial intelligence (AI) and the legal domain, providing a comprehensive exploration of the evolving relationship between technology and the legal framework. Authored with meticulous research and expertise, the book offers a nuanced understanding of how AI technologies impact various facets of law, from legal practice to policy considerations. The authors skillfully navigate the intricate landscape of AI and its implications on legal processes, addressing challenges and opportunities presented by the integration of advanced technologies. With a focus on both theoretical and practical aspects, the book explores key themes such as the ethical considerations surrounding AI applications in law, the automation of legal tasks, and the implications for the legal profession. Readers will find insightful discussions on topics such as machine learning algorithms, natural language processing, and the use of AI in legal research. The book goes beyond a mere analysis of the present state, offering thoughtful insights into the future trajectory of AI in the legal domain and its potential impact on the justice system. ‘Artificial Intelligence and Law’ serves as an indispensable resource for legal professionals, scholars, and technologists seeking a comprehensive guide to the evolving landscape where AI and the law intersect. With its well-researched content and forward-looking perspective, the book contributes significantly to the ongoing discourse on the integration of artificial intelligence into the legal sphere.

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Harvard Business Review
Publisher : HBR Insights
Page : 160 pages
File Size : 41,6 Mb
Release : 2019
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 1633697894

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Artificial Intelligence by Harvard Business Review Pdf

Companies that don't use AI to their advantage will soon be left behind. Artificial intelligence and machine learning will drive a massive reshaping of the economy and society. What should you and your company be doing right now to ensure that your business is poised for success? These articles by AI experts and consultants will help you understand today's essential thinking on what AI is capable of now, how to adopt it in your organization, and how the technology is likely to evolve in the near future. Artificial Intelligence: The Insights You Need from Harvard Business Review will help you spearhead important conversations, get going on the right AI initiatives for your company, and capitalize on the opportunity of the machine intelligence revolution. Catch up on current topics and deepen your understanding of them with the Insights You Need series from Harvard Business Review. Featuring some of HBR's best and most recent thinking, Insights You Need titles are both a primer on today's most pressing issues and an extension of the conversation, with interesting research, interviews, case studies, and practical ideas to help you explore how a particular issue will impact your company and what it will mean for you and your business.

The Promise of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Brian Cantwell Smith
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 179 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 2019-10-08
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780262355216

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The Promise of Artificial Intelligence by Brian Cantwell Smith Pdf

An argument that—despite dramatic advances in the field—artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. In this provocative book, Brian Cantwell Smith argues that artificial intelligence is nowhere near developing systems that are genuinely intelligent. Second wave AI, machine learning, even visions of third-wave AI: none will lead to human-level intelligence and judgment, which have been honed over millennia. Recent advances in AI may be of epochal significance, but human intelligence is of a different order than even the most powerful calculative ability enabled by new computational capacities. Smith calls this AI ability “reckoning,” and argues that it does not lead to full human judgment—dispassionate, deliberative thought grounded in ethical commitment and responsible action. Taking judgment as the ultimate goal of intelligence, Smith examines the history of AI from its first-wave origins (“good old-fashioned AI,” or GOFAI) to such celebrated second-wave approaches as machine learning, paying particular attention to recent advances that have led to excitement, anxiety, and debate. He considers each AI technology's underlying assumptions, the conceptions of intelligence targeted at each stage, and the successes achieved so far. Smith unpacks the notion of intelligence itself—what sort humans have, and what sort AI aims at. Smith worries that, impressed by AI's reckoning prowess, we will shift our expectations of human intelligence. What we should do, he argues, is learn to use AI for the reckoning tasks at which it excels while we strengthen our commitment to judgment, ethics, and the world.

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Stuart Russell,Peter Norvig
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Page : 626 pages
File Size : 43,6 Mb
Release : 2016-09-10
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 1537600311

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Artificial Intelligence by Stuart Russell,Peter Norvig Pdf

Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach offers the most comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence. Number one in its field, this textbook is ideal for one or two-semester, undergraduate or graduate-level courses in Artificial Intelligence.

Responsible Artificial Intelligence

Author : Virginia Dignum
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 127 pages
File Size : 55,9 Mb
Release : 2019-11-04
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9783030303716

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Responsible Artificial Intelligence by Virginia Dignum Pdf

In this book, the author examines the ethical implications of Artificial Intelligence systems as they integrate and replace traditional social structures in new sociocognitive-technological environments. She discusses issues related to the integrity of researchers, technologists, and manufacturers as they design, construct, use, and manage artificially intelligent systems; formalisms for reasoning about moral decisions as part of the behavior of artificial autonomous systems such as agents and robots; and design methodologies for social agents based on societal, moral, and legal values. Throughout the book the author discusses related work, conscious of both classical, philosophical treatments of ethical issues and the implications in modern, algorithmic systems, and she combines regular references and footnotes with suggestions for further reading. This short overview is suitable for undergraduate students, in both technical and non-technical courses, and for interested and concerned researchers, practitioners, and citizens.

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Melanie Mitchell
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Page : 336 pages
File Size : 47,9 Mb
Release : 2019-10-15
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780374715236

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Artificial Intelligence by Melanie Mitchell Pdf

Melanie Mitchell separates science fact from science fiction in this sweeping examination of the current state of AI and how it is remaking our world No recent scientific enterprise has proved as alluring, terrifying, and filled with extravagant promise and frustrating setbacks as artificial intelligence. The award-winning author Melanie Mitchell, a leading computer scientist, now reveals AI’s turbulent history and the recent spate of apparent successes, grand hopes, and emerging fears surrounding it. In Artificial Intelligence, Mitchell turns to the most urgent questions concerning AI today: How intelligent—really—are the best AI programs? How do they work? What can they actually do, and when do they fail? How humanlike do we expect them to become, and how soon do we need to worry about them surpassing us? Along the way, she introduces the dominant models of modern AI and machine learning, describing cutting-edge AI programs, their human inventors, and the historical lines of thought underpinning recent achievements. She meets with fellow experts such as Douglas Hofstadter, the cognitive scientist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author of the modern classic Gödel, Escher, Bach, who explains why he is “terrified” about the future of AI. She explores the profound disconnect between the hype and the actual achievements in AI, providing a clear sense of what the field has accomplished and how much further it has to go. Interweaving stories about the science of AI and the people behind it, Artificial Intelligence brims with clear-sighted, captivating, and accessible accounts of the most interesting and provocative modern work in the field, flavored with Mitchell’s humor and personal observations. This frank, lively book is an indispensable guide to understanding today’s AI, its quest for “human-level” intelligence, and its impact on the future for us all.

Artificial Intelligence

Author : John Haugeland
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 306 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 1989-01-06
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 0262580950

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Artificial Intelligence by John Haugeland Pdf

"Machines who think—how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence—it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree. Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one. Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence? In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles—including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality—and their enigmatic prospects for solution.

The Myth of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Erik J. Larson
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Page : 321 pages
File Size : 53,9 Mb
Release : 2021-04-06
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780674983519

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The Myth of Artificial Intelligence by Erik J. Larson Pdf

“Artificial intelligence has always inspired outlandish visions—that AI is going to destroy us, save us, or at the very least radically transform us. Erik Larson exposes the vast gap between the actual science underlying AI and the dramatic claims being made for it. This is a timely, important, and even essential book.” —John Horgan, author of The End of Science Many futurists insist that AI will soon achieve human levels of intelligence. From there, it will quickly eclipse the most gifted human mind. The Myth of Artificial Intelligence argues that such claims are just that: myths. We are not on the path to developing truly intelligent machines. We don’t even know where that path might be. Erik Larson charts a journey through the landscape of AI, from Alan Turing’s early work to today’s dominant models of machine learning. Since the beginning, AI researchers and enthusiasts have equated the reasoning approaches of AI with those of human intelligence. But this is a profound mistake. Even cutting-edge AI looks nothing like human intelligence. Modern AI is based on inductive reasoning: computers make statistical correlations to determine which answer is likely to be right, allowing software to, say, detect a particular face in an image. But human reasoning is entirely different. Humans do not correlate data sets; we make conjectures sensitive to context—the best guess, given our observations and what we already know about the world. We haven’t a clue how to program this kind of reasoning, known as abduction. Yet it is the heart of common sense. Larson argues that all this AI hype is bad science and bad for science. A culture of invention thrives on exploring unknowns, not overselling existing methods. Inductive AI will continue to improve at narrow tasks, but if we are to make real progress, we must abandon futuristic talk and learn to better appreciate the only true intelligence we know—our own.

Affect and Artificial Intelligence

Author : Elizabeth A. Wilson
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Page : 197 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2011-03-01
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780295800004

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Affect and Artificial Intelligence by Elizabeth A. Wilson Pdf

In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and computer pioneer, looked to the future: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for electronic brains had been established, what kind of intelligence could be built? Should machine intelligence mimic the abstract thinking of a chess player or should it be more like the developing mind of a child? Should an intelligent agent only think, or should it also learn, feel, and grow? Affect and Artificial Intelligence is the first in-depth analysis of affect and intersubjectivity in the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson makes use of archival and unpublished material from the early years of AI (1945–70) until the present to show that early researchers were more engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She documents how affectivity was managed in the canonical works of Walter Pitts in the 1940s and Turing in the 1950s, in projects from the 1960s that injected artificial agents into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the 1940s to the present, and in the Kismet (sociable robotics) project at MIT in the 1990s.

The Economics of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Ajay Agrawal,Joshua Gans,Avi Goldfarb,Catherine Tucker
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 172 pages
File Size : 50,6 Mb
Release : 2024-03-05
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9780226833125

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The Economics of Artificial Intelligence by Ajay Agrawal,Joshua Gans,Avi Goldfarb,Catherine Tucker Pdf

A timely investigation of the potential economic effects, both realized and unrealized, of artificial intelligence within the United States healthcare system. In sweeping conversations about the impact of artificial intelligence on many sectors of the economy, healthcare has received relatively little attention. Yet it seems unlikely that an industry that represents nearly one-fifth of the economy could escape the efficiency and cost-driven disruptions of AI. The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: Health Care Challenges brings together contributions from health economists, physicians, philosophers, and scholars in law, public health, and machine learning to identify the primary barriers to entry of AI in the healthcare sector. Across original papers and in wide-ranging responses, the contributors analyze barriers of four types: incentives, management, data availability, and regulation. They also suggest that AI has the potential to improve outcomes and lower costs. Understanding both the benefits of and barriers to AI adoption is essential for designing policies that will affect the evolution of the healthcare system.

Artificial Intelligence Research and Development

Author : J. Sabater-Mir,V. Torra,I. Aguiló
Publisher : IOS Press
Page : 446 pages
File Size : 54,7 Mb
Release : 2019-10-02
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9781643680156

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Artificial Intelligence Research and Development by J. Sabater-Mir,V. Torra,I. Aguiló Pdf

Artificial intelligence has now become an indispensible tool at the centre of problem-solving in a huge range of digital technologies, and remains one of the most vibrant topics for discussion and research. This book presents a compilation of the articles presented at the 22nd (2019) edition of the International Conference of the Catalan Association for Artificial Intelligence (CCIA), held in Mallorca, Spain, from 23 – 25 October 2019. This annual conference is an international event that serves as a meeting point for researchers into artificial intelligence based in the area of the Catalan speaking territories and for researchers from around the world. The book is divided into 8 sections. The first contains summaries of the 3 invited talks presented at the conference: ‘New methods for fusing information and the computational brain’, by Javier Fernandez; ‘From correlation to imagination: Deep generative models for artificial intelligence’ by Joan Serrà; and ‘Explainable AI’ by Anna Monreale. The remaining 7 sections contain 47 papers covering ethics and E-governance; machine learning; constraints and SAT, optimization and fuzzy; data science, recommender systems and decision support systems; agent-based and multi-agent systems; computer vision; and sentiment analysis and text analysis. The book provides an overview of the latest developments in the field, and as such will be of interest to all those whose work involves the study and application of artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence Basics

Author : Tom Taulli
Publisher : Apress
Page : 195 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2019-08-01
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9781484250280

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Artificial Intelligence Basics by Tom Taulli Pdf

Artificial intelligence touches nearly every part of your day. While you may initially assume that technology such as smart speakers and digital assistants are the extent of it, AI has in fact rapidly become a general-purpose technology, reverberating across industries including transportation, healthcare, financial services, and many more. In our modern era, an understanding of AI and its possibilities for your organization is essential for growth and success. Artificial Intelligence Basics has arrived to equip you with a fundamental, timely grasp of AI and its impact. Author Tom Taulli provides an engaging, non-technical introduction to important concepts such as machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing (NLP), robotics, and more. In addition to guiding you through real-world case studies and practical implementation steps, Taulli uses his expertise to expand on the bigger questions that surround AI. These include societal trends, ethics, and future impact AI will have on world governments, company structures, and daily life. Google, Amazon, Facebook, and similar tech giants are far from the only organizations on which artificial intelligence has had—and will continue to have—an incredibly significant result. AI is the present and the future of your business as well as your home life. Strengthening your prowess on the subject will prove invaluable to your preparation for the future of tech, and Artificial Intelligence Basics is the indispensable guide that you’ve been seeking. What You Will Learn Study the core principles for AI approaches such as machine learning, deep learning, and NLP (Natural Language Processing)Discover the best practices to successfully implement AI by examining case studies including Uber, Facebook, Waymo, UiPath, and Stitch FixUnderstand how AI capabilities for robots can improve businessDeploy chatbots and Robotic Processing Automation (RPA) to save costs and improve customer serviceAvoid costly gotchasRecognize ethical concerns and other risk factors of using artificial intelligenceExamine the secular trends and how they may impact your business Who This Book Is For Readers without a technical background, such as managers, looking to understand AI to evaluate solutions.

Sentencing

Author : Danielle Robitaille,Erin Winocur,Maya Borooah
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 46,8 Mb
Release : 2023
Category : Sentences (Criminal procedure)
ISBN : 1774624826

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Sentencing by Danielle Robitaille,Erin Winocur,Maya Borooah Pdf

"The 2nd edition, as part of our “Criminal Law Series,” continues to be a very practical, balanced, and concise treatment of all issues related to criminal sentencing. The book begins with general principles and then moves on to discuss pleas negotiations, procedure and advocacy in sentencing hearings, impact on the victim, types of sentences available, Charter considerations, the sentencing ruling itself, appellate issues, ancillary orders, and post sentencing issues. This edition includes a new chapter on specific offences."--

Artificial Intelligence for a Better Future

Author : Bernd Carsten Stahl
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 44,9 Mb
Release : 2021-03-17
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9783030699789

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Artificial Intelligence for a Better Future by Bernd Carsten Stahl Pdf

This open access book proposes a novel approach to Artificial Intelligence (AI) ethics. AI offers many advantages: better and faster medical diagnoses, improved business processes and efficiency, and the automation of boring work. But undesirable and ethically problematic consequences are possible too: biases and discrimination, breaches of privacy and security, and societal distortions such as unemployment, economic exploitation and weakened democratic processes. There is even a prospect, ultimately, of super-intelligent machines replacing humans. The key question, then, is: how can we benefit from AI while addressing its ethical problems? This book presents an innovative answer to the question by presenting a different perspective on AI and its ethical consequences. Instead of looking at individual AI techniques, applications or ethical issues, we can understand AI as a system of ecosystems, consisting of numerous interdependent technologies, applications and stakeholders. Developing this idea, the book explores how AI ecosystems can be shaped to foster human flourishing. Drawing on rich empirical insights and detailed conceptual analysis, it suggests practical measures to ensure that AI is used to make the world a better place.