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Agile Project Management and Complexity by Czesław Mesjasz,Katarzyna Bartusik,Tomasz Małkus,Mariusz Sołtysik Pdf
This research monograph presents an inter-disciplinary study into the impact, and current status, of applications of complexity-related concepts in the early stages of development of agile project management (APM). The results serve as an introduction for exploring more profound relations between complexity-related ideas and APM in the future. The increasing complexity of software projects and their environment in the 1990s constituted the main determinants of the development of the family of methodological frameworks called Agile Project Management. Development of the APM has been shaped by a broadly defined area of research called complexity science or complexity theory based on Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) and on their characteristics: complexity, chaos, the edge of chaos, emerging properties, non-linearity, self-organization, etc. In the 21st Century, due to the expansion of Agile beyond software development, the challenges deriving from the complexity of projects and the environment are even more actual. Such phenomena demand more profound inter- and multi-disciplinary studies. This book examines the impact of applications of complexity-related ideas deriving from intuitive complexity and from complexity science in the early stages of development of the Agile methodological frameworks in project management and considers the current status of those applications. It questions the usefulness of those applications for practice and theory of APM, and then proposes a conceptual framework for further theoretical studies and several ways of improvement and refinement of the APM necessary to deal with broadly defined complexity in project management. Requiring a medium-level knowledge of complexity studies and knowledge of project management, this book is written for the research community studying the links between the various methodological frameworks included in the APM and complexity-related ideas. It will also be interesting for studies of the impact of complexity on modern management, and for Master's students on IT and management courses.
Nonlinearity, Complexity and Randomness in Economics by Stefano Zambelli,Donald A. R. George Pdf
Nonlinearity, Complexity and Randomness in Economicspresents a variety of papers by leading economists, scientists, andphilosophers who focus on different aspects of nonlinearity,complexity and randomness, and their implications for economics. Atheme of the book is that economics should be based on algorithmic,computable mathematical foundations. Features an interdisciplinary collection of papers byeconomists, scientists, and philosophers Presents new approaches to macroeconomic modelling, agent-basedmodelling, financial markets, and emergent complexity Reveals how economics today must be based on algorithmic,computable mathematical foundations
Linguistic Simplicity and Complexity by John H. McWhorter Pdf
This series offers a wide forum for work on contact linguistics, using an integrated approach to both diachronic and synchronic manifestations of contact, ranging from social and individual aspects to structural-typological issues. Topics covered by the series include child and adult bilingualism and multilingualism, contact languages, borrowing and contact-induced typological change, code switching in conversation, societal multilingualism, bilingual language processing, and various other topics related to language contact. The series does not have a fixed theoretical orientation, and includes contributions from a variety of approaches.
Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy by Robert Geyer,Paul Cairney Pdf
'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK
The theme of this book is formed by a pair of concepts: the concept of formal language as carrier of the precise expression of meaning, facts and problems, and the concept of algorithm or calculus, i.e. a formally operating procedure for the solution of precisely described questions and problems. The book is a unified introduction to the modern theory of these concepts, to the way in which they developed first in mathematical logic and computability theory and later in automata theory, and to the theory of formal languages and complexity theory. Apart from considering the fundamental themes and classical aspects of these areas, the subject matter has been selected to give priority throughout to the new aspects of traditional questions, results and methods which have developed from the needs or knowledge of computer science and particularly of complexity theory. It is both a textbook for introductory courses in the above-mentioned disciplines as well as a monograph in which further results of new research are systematically presented and where an attempt is made to make explicit the connections and analogies between a variety of concepts and constructions.
Stochastic Complexity in Statistical Inquiry by J Rissanen Pdf
This book describes how model selection and statistical inference can be founded on the shortest code length for the observed data, called the stochastic complexity. This generalization of the algorithmic complexity not only offers an objective view of statistics, where no prejudiced assumptions of "true" data generating distributions are needed, but it also in one stroke leads to calculable expressions in a range of situations of practical interest and links very closely with mainstream statistical theory. The search for the smallest stochastic complexity extends the classical maximum likelihood technique to a new global one, in which models can be compared regardless of their numbers of parameters. The result is a natural and far reaching extension of the traditional theory of estimation, where the Fisher information is replaced by the stochastic complexity and the Cramer-Rao inequality by an extension of the Shannon-Kullback inequality. Ideas are illustrated with applications from parametric and non-parametric regression, density and spectrum estimation, time series, hypothesis testing, contingency tables, and data compression. Contents:IntroductionModels, Codes, and ComplexityStochastic ComplexityModel ValidationLinear RegressionTime Series and Applications Readership: Computer scientists, statisticians, engineers, econometricians, mathematicians and social scientists. Review: “… this book summarizes his work on a level that requires few mathematical skills … This treatise comprises a valuable, compact and up-to-date elementary survey of a rapidly growing new field in statistics.” Mathematical Reviews “The book is a significant contribution to the literature on systems modelling. It represents currently the only comprehensive presentation of the MDL modelling methodology. This is, in my opinion, a powerful methodology, which is likely to play an increasingly important role in the modelling business in the years ahead.” Mathematical Reviews International Journal General Systems
Complexity Theory in Public Administration by Elizabeth Anne Eppel,Mary Lee Rhodes Pdf
This book reframes theoretical, methodological and practical approaches to public administration by drawing on complexity theory concepts. It aims to provide alternative perspectives on the theory, research and practice of public administration, avoiding assumptions of traditional theory-building. The contributors explain both how ongoing non-linear interactions result in macro patterns becoming established in a complexity-informed world view, and the implications of these dynamics. Complexity theory explains the way in which many repeated non-linear interactions among elements within a whole can result in processes and patterns emerging without design or direction, thus necessitating a reconsideration of the predictability and controllability of many aspects of public administration. As well as illustrating how complexity theory informs new research methods for studying this field, the book also shines a light on the different practices required of public administrators to cope with the complexity encountered in the public policy and public management fields. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Public Management Review journal.
Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society by Àngels Massip-Bonet,Albert Bastardas-Boada Pdf
The “language-communication-society” triangle defies traditional scientific approaches. Rather, it is a phenomenon that calls for an integration of complex, transdisciplinary perspectives, if we are to make any progress in understanding how it works. The highly diverse agents in play are not merely cognitive and/or cultural, but also emotional and behavioural in their specificity. Indeed, the effort may require building a theoretical and methodological body of knowledge that can effectively convey the characteristic properties of phenomena in human terms. New complexity approaches allow us to rethink our limited and mechanistic images of human societies and create more appropriate emo-cognitive dynamic and holistic models. We have to enter into dialogue with the complexity views coming out of other more ‘material’ sciences, but we also need to take steps in the linguistic and psycho-sociological fields towards creating perspectives and concepts better fitted to human characteristics. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society.
The Complexity of Social Norms by Maria Xenitidou,Bruce Edmonds Pdf
This book explores the view that normative behaviour is part of a complex of social mechanisms, processes and narratives that are constantly shifting. From this perspective, norms are not a kind of self-contained social object or fact, but rather an interplay of many things that we label as norms when we ‘take a snapshot’ of them at a particular instant. Further, this book pursues the hypothesis that considering the dynamic aspects of these phenomena sheds new light on them. The sort of issues that this perspective opens to exploration include: Of what is this complex we call a "social norm" composed of? How do new social norms emerge and what kind of circumstances might facilitate such an appearance? How context-specific are the norms and patterns of normative behaviour that arise? How do the cognitive and the social aspects of norms interact over time? How do expectations, beliefs and individual rationality interact with social norm complexes to effect behaviour? How does our social embeddedness relate to social constraint upon behaviour? How might the socio-cognitive complexes that we call norms be usefully researched?
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on Private Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue Service
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on Private Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue Service Publisher : Unknown Page : 248 pages File Size : 53,7 Mb Release : 1990 Category : Defined benefit pension plans ISBN : PSU:000017575041
Structural Information and Communication Complexity by Magnús M. Halldórsson Pdf
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Colloquium on Structural Information and Communication Complexity, SIROCCO 2014, held in Takayama, Japan, in July 2014. The 24 full papers presented together with 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 51 submissions. The focus of the colloquium is on following subjects Shared Memory and Multiparty Communication, Network Optimization, CONGEST Algorithms and Lower Bounds, Wireless networks, Aggregation and Creation Games in Networks, Patrolling and Barrier Coverage, Exploration, Rendevous and Mobile Agents.
Complexity and Spatial Networks by Aura Reggiani,Peter Nijkamp Pdf
Complex systems analysis has become a fascinating topic in modern research on non-linear dynamics, not only in the physical sciences but also in the life sciences and the social sciences. After the era of bifurcation theory, chaos theory, syn- getics, resilience analysis, network dynamics and evolutionary thinking, currently we observe an increasing interest in critical transitions of dynamic real-world systems in many disciplines, such as demography, biology, psychology, economics, earth sciences, geology, seismology, medical sciences, and so on. The relevance of this approach is clearly re?ected in such phenomena as traf?c congestion, ?nancial crisis, ethnic con?icts, eco-system breakdown, health failures, etc. This has prompted a world-wide interest in complex systems. Geographical space is one of the playgrounds for complex dynamics, as is witnessed by population movements, transport ?ows, retail developments, urban expansion, lowland ?ooding and so forth. All such dynamic phenomena have one feature in common: the low predictability of uncertain interrelated events occurring at different interconnected spatio-temporal scale levels and often originating from different disciplinary backgrounds. The study of the associated non-linear (fast and slow) dynamic transition paths calls for a joint research effort of scientists from different disciplines in order to understand the nature, the roots and the con- quences of unexpected or unpredictable changes in complex spatial systems.
Psychoanalytic Complexity by William J. Coburn Pdf
Psychoanalytic Complexity is the application of a multidisciplinary, explanatory theory to clinical psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. It carries with it incisive and pivotal attitudes that aim to transform our understanding of therapeutic action and the change process. Here, William Coburn offers a revolutionary and far-reaching counterpoint to the remnants of Cartesianism and scientism, respecting and encouraging human anomaly rather than pathologizing or obliterating the uniqueness of the individual person. In Psychoanaltyic Complexity, William Coburn explores the value of complexity theory previously understood as an explanatory framework with which clinicians can better understand, retrospectively, therapeutic action and the change process. He further extends this sensibility by examining the ways in which such a rich theoretical framework can inform what clinicians can do, prospectively, to effect positive change within the therapeutic relationship. He persuasively argues that the medium of bringing to light new ways of relating, emotional experiencing, and meaning making resides in the fundamental attitudes derived from a complexity theory sensibility as applied to psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Using a variety of clinical illustrations throughout, Psychoanalytic Complexity is a radical corrective to reductionism and the more traditional presumption that the problem lies with the patient and the cure lies with the therapist. It offers a new language, vocabulary, way of thinking, and a new way of being with others that are pivotal in arriving at affirmative therapeutic change. This book is intended for psychoanalysts, clinical psychologists, therapists, mental health counsellors, academics and teachers who are interested in new trends in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy.