Complexity

Complexity Book in PDF, ePub and Kindle version is available to download in english. Read online anytime anywhere directly from your device. Click on the download button below to get a free pdf file of Complexity book. This book definitely worth reading, it is an incredibly well-written.

Complexity

Author : M. Mitchell Waldrop
Publisher : Open Road Media
Page : 492 pages
File Size : 44,9 Mb
Release : 2019-10-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781504059145

Get Book

Complexity by M. Mitchell Waldrop Pdf

“If you liked Chaos, you’ll love Complexity. Waldrop creates the most exciting intellectual adventure story of the year” (The Washington Post). In a rarified world of scientific research, a revolution has been brewing. Its activists are not anarchists, but rather Nobel Laureates in physics and economics and pony-tailed graduates, mathematicians, and computer scientists from all over the world. They have formed an iconoclastic think-tank and their radical idea is to create a new science: complexity. They want to know how a primordial soup of simple molecules managed to turn itself into the first living cell—and what the origin of life some four billion years ago can tell us about the process of technological innovation today. This book is their story—the story of how they have tried to forge what they like to call the science of the twenty-first century. “Lucidly shows physicists, biologists, computer scientists and economists swapping metaphors and reveling in the sense that epochal discoveries are just around the corner . . . [Waldrop] has a special talent for relaying the exhilaration of moments of intellectual insight.” —The New York Times Book Review “Where I enjoyed the book was when it dove into the actual question of complexity, talking about complex systems in economics, biology, genetics, computer modeling, and so on. Snippets of rare beauty here and there almost took your breath away.” —Medium “[Waldrop] provides a good grounding of what may indeed be the first flowering of a new science.” —Publishers Weekly

Complexity

Author : Mitchell M. Waldrop
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Page : 388 pages
File Size : 45,5 Mb
Release : 1993-09
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780671872342

Get Book

Complexity by Mitchell M. Waldrop Pdf

Science magazine reporter Waldrop introduces researchers--rebellious graduate students, Nobel laureates, and pragmatic businessmen--who are formulating surprising answers to complex questions about the universe. Line drawings.

Computational Complexity

Author : Sanjeev Arora,Boaz Barak
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 609 pages
File Size : 53,9 Mb
Release : 2009-04-20
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780521424264

Get Book

Computational Complexity by Sanjeev Arora,Boaz Barak Pdf

New and classical results in computational complexity, including interactive proofs, PCP, derandomization, and quantum computation. Ideal for graduate students.

An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications

Author : Ming Li,Paul Vitanyi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 655 pages
File Size : 52,8 Mb
Release : 2013-03-09
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9781475726060

Get Book

An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications by Ming Li,Paul Vitanyi Pdf

Briefly, we review the basic elements of computability theory and prob ability theory that are required. Finally, in order to place the subject in the appropriate historical and conceptual context we trace the main roots of Kolmogorov complexity. This way the stage is set for Chapters 2 and 3, where we introduce the notion of optimal effective descriptions of objects. The length of such a description (or the number of bits of information in it) is its Kolmogorov complexity. We treat all aspects of the elementary mathematical theory of Kolmogorov complexity. This body of knowledge may be called algo rithmic complexity theory. The theory of Martin-Lof tests for random ness of finite objects and infinite sequences is inextricably intertwined with the theory of Kolmogorov complexity and is completely treated. We also investigate the statistical properties of finite strings with high Kolmogorov complexity. Both of these topics are eminently useful in the applications part of the book. We also investigate the recursion theoretic properties of Kolmogorov complexity (relations with Godel's incompleteness result), and the Kolmogorov complexity version of infor mation theory, which we may call "algorithmic information theory" or "absolute information theory. " The treatment of algorithmic probability theory in Chapter 4 presup poses Sections 1. 6, 1. 11. 2, and Chapter 3 (at least Sections 3. 1 through 3. 4).

Agile Project Management and Complexity

Author : Czesław Mesjasz,Katarzyna Bartusik,Tomasz Małkus,Mariusz Sołtysik
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 91 pages
File Size : 49,5 Mb
Release : 2022-04-06
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781000567496

Get Book

Agile Project Management and Complexity by Czesław Mesjasz,Katarzyna Bartusik,Tomasz Małkus,Mariusz Sołtysik Pdf

This research monograph presents an inter-disciplinary study of the impact, and current status, of applications of complexity-related concepts in the early stages of development of Agile Project Management (APM). The results serve as an introduction for exploring more profound relations between complexity-related ideas and APM in the future. The increasing complexity of software projects and their environment in the 1990s constituted the main determinants of the development of the family of methodological frameworks called Agile Project Management. Development of APM has been shaped by a broadly defined area of research called complexity science or complexity theory based on complex adaptive systems (CAS) and on their characteristics: Complexity, chaos, the edge of chaos, emerging properties, non-linearity, self-organization, etc. In the 21st century, due to the expansion of Agile beyond software development, the challenges deriving from the complexity of projects and the environment are even more urgent or compelling. Such phenomena demand more profound inter- and multi-disciplinary studies. This book examines the impact of applications of complexity-related ideas deriving from intuitive complexity and from complexity science in the early stages of development of the Agile methodological frameworks in project management and considers the current status of those applications. It questions the usefulness of those applications for the practice and theory of APM, and then proposes a conceptual framework for further theoretical studies and several ways of improvement and refinement of the Agile Project Management necessary to deal with broadly defined complexity in project management. Requiring a medium-level knowledge of complexity studies and knowledge of project management, this book is written for the research community studying the links between the various methodological frameworks included in APM and complexity-related ideas. It will also be interesting for studies of the impact of complexity on modern management, and for master’s students on IT and management courses.

Nonlinearity, Complexity and Randomness in Economics

Author : Stefano Zambelli,Donald A. R. George
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 262 pages
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Release : 2012-01-17
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781118300435

Get Book

Nonlinearity, Complexity and Randomness in Economics by Stefano Zambelli,Donald A. R. George Pdf

Nonlinearity, Complexity and Randomness in Economicspresents a variety of papers by leading economists, scientists, andphilosophers who focus on different aspects of nonlinearity,complexity and randomness, and their implications for economics. Atheme of the book is that economics should be based on algorithmic,computable mathematical foundations. Features an interdisciplinary collection of papers byeconomists, scientists, and philosophers Presents new approaches to macroeconomic modelling, agent-basedmodelling, financial markets, and emergent complexity Reveals how economics today must be based on algorithmic,computable mathematical foundations

Computability, Complexity, Logic

Author : E. Börger
Publisher : Elsevier
Page : 591 pages
File Size : 48,9 Mb
Release : 1989-07-01
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 008088704X

Get Book

Computability, Complexity, Logic by E. Börger Pdf

The theme of this book is formed by a pair of concepts: the concept of formal language as carrier of the precise expression of meaning, facts and problems, and the concept of algorithm or calculus, i.e. a formally operating procedure for the solution of precisely described questions and problems. The book is a unified introduction to the modern theory of these concepts, to the way in which they developed first in mathematical logic and computability theory and later in automata theory, and to the theory of formal languages and complexity theory. Apart from considering the fundamental themes and classical aspects of these areas, the subject matter has been selected to give priority throughout to the new aspects of traditional questions, results and methods which have developed from the needs or knowledge of computer science and particularly of complexity theory. It is both a textbook for introductory courses in the above-mentioned disciplines as well as a monograph in which further results of new research are systematically presented and where an attempt is made to make explicit the connections and analogies between a variety of concepts and constructions.

Stochastic Complexity In Statistical Inquiry

Author : Jorma Rissanen
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 191 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 1998-10-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9789814507400

Get Book

Stochastic Complexity In Statistical Inquiry by Jorma Rissanen Pdf

This book describes how model selection and statistical inference can be founded on the shortest code length for the observed data, called the stochastic complexity. This generalization of the algorithmic complexity not only offers an objective view of statistics, where no prejudiced assumptions of 'true' data generating distributions are needed, but it also in one stroke leads to calculable expressions in a range of situations of practical interest and links very closely with mainstream statistical theory. The search for the smallest stochastic complexity extends the classical maximum likelihood technique to a new global one, in which models can be compared regardless of their numbers of parameters. The result is a natural and far reaching extension of the traditional theory of estimation, where the Fisher information is replaced by the stochastic complexity and the Cramer-Rao inequality by an extension of the Shannon-Kullback inequality. Ideas are illustrated with applications from parametric and non-parametric regression, density and spectrum estimation, time series, hypothesis testing, contingency tables, and data compression.

Linguistic Simplicity and Complexity

Author : John H. McWhorter
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Page : 353 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 2011
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN : 9781934078372

Get Book

Linguistic Simplicity and Complexity by John H. McWhorter Pdf

This series offers a wide forum for work on contact linguistics, using an integrated approach to both diachronic and synchronic manifestations of contact, ranging from social and individual aspects to structural-typological issues. Topics covered by the series include child and adult bilingualism and multilingualism, contact languages, borrowing and contact-induced typological change, code switching in conversation, societal multilingualism, bilingual language processing, and various other topics related to language contact. The series does not have a fixed theoretical orientation, and includes contributions from a variety of approaches.

Complexity Theory in Public Administration

Author : Elizabeth Anne Eppel,Mary Lee Rhodes
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 162 pages
File Size : 50,9 Mb
Release : 2020-05-21
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781000576825

Get Book

Complexity Theory in Public Administration by Elizabeth Anne Eppel,Mary Lee Rhodes Pdf

This book reframes theoretical, methodological and practical approaches to public administration by drawing on complexity theory concepts. It aims to provide alternative perspectives on the theory, research and practice of public administration, avoiding assumptions of traditional theory-building. The contributors explain both how ongoing non-linear interactions result in macro patterns becoming established in a complexity-informed world view, and the implications of these dynamics. Complexity theory explains the way in which many repeated non-linear interactions among elements within a whole can result in processes and patterns emerging without design or direction, thus necessitating a reconsideration of the predictability and controllability of many aspects of public administration. As well as illustrating how complexity theory informs new research methods for studying this field, the book also shines a light on the different practices required of public administrators to cope with the complexity encountered in the public policy and public management fields. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Public Management Review journal.

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Author : Robert Geyer,Paul Cairney
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Page : 496 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2015-05-29
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781782549529

Get Book

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy by Robert Geyer,Paul Cairney Pdf

'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK

Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society

Author : Àngels Massip-Bonet,Albert Bastardas-Boada
Publisher : Springer
Page : 256 pages
File Size : 42,9 Mb
Release : 2012-10-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783642328176

Get Book

Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society by Àngels Massip-Bonet,Albert Bastardas-Boada Pdf

The “language-communication-society” triangle defies traditional scientific approaches. Rather, it is a phenomenon that calls for an integration of complex, transdisciplinary perspectives, if we are to make any progress in understanding how it works. The highly diverse agents in play are not merely cognitive and/or cultural, but also emotional and behavioural in their specificity. Indeed, the effort may require building a theoretical and methodological body of knowledge that can effectively convey the characteristic properties of phenomena in human terms. New complexity approaches allow us to rethink our limited and mechanistic images of human societies and create more appropriate emo-cognitive dynamic and holistic models. We have to enter into dialogue with the complexity views coming out of other more ‘material’ sciences, but we also need to take steps in the linguistic and psycho-sociological fields towards creating perspectives and concepts better fitted to human characteristics. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society.

The Complexity of Social Norms

Author : Maria Xenitidou,Bruce Edmonds
Publisher : Springer
Page : 205 pages
File Size : 52,8 Mb
Release : 2014-05-28
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9783319053080

Get Book

The Complexity of Social Norms by Maria Xenitidou,Bruce Edmonds Pdf

This book explores the view that normative behaviour is part of a complex of social mechanisms, processes and narratives that are constantly shifting. From this perspective, norms are not a kind of self-contained social object or fact, but rather an interplay of many things that we label as norms when we ‘take a snapshot’ of them at a particular instant. Further, this book pursues the hypothesis that considering the dynamic aspects of these phenomena sheds new light on them. The sort of issues that this perspective opens to exploration include: Of what is this complex we call a "social norm" composed of? How do new social norms emerge and what kind of circumstances might facilitate such an appearance? How context-specific are the norms and patterns of normative behaviour that arise? How do the cognitive and the social aspects of norms interact over time? How do expectations, beliefs and individual rationality interact with social norm complexes to effect behaviour? How does our social embeddedness relate to social constraint upon behaviour? How might the socio-cognitive complexes that we call norms be usefully researched?

Complexity in Language

Author : Salikoko S. Mufwene,François Pellegrino,Christophe Coupé
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 265 pages
File Size : 46,7 Mb
Release : 2017-03-30
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN : 9781107054370

Get Book

Complexity in Language by Salikoko S. Mufwene,François Pellegrino,Christophe Coupé Pdf

This book is about dynamical, social-interactional aspects of the emergence of complexity in language, explained by linguists, cognitivists, and modelers.

Pension Plan Complexity

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on Private Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue Service
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 248 pages
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Release : 1990
Category : Defined benefit pension plans
ISBN : PSU:000017575041

Get Book

Pension Plan Complexity by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on Private Retirement Plans and Oversight of the Internal Revenue Service Pdf