Drugs And The Fda

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Drugs and the FDA

Author : Mikkael A. Sekeres
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 319 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2024-02-06
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780262548397

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Drugs and the FDA by Mikkael A. Sekeres Pdf

How the FDA was shaped by public health crises and patient advocacy, told against a background of the contentious hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin. Food and Drug Administration approval for COVID-19 vaccines and the controversial Alzheimer’s drug Aduhelm made headlines, but few of us know much about how the agency does its work. Why is the FDA the ultimate US authority on a drug’s safety and efficacy? In Drugs and the FDA, Mikkael Sekeres—a leading oncologist and former chair of the FDA’s cancer drug advisory committee—tells the story of how the FDA became the most trusted regulatory agency in the world. It took a series of tragedies and health crises, as well as patient advocacy, for the government to take responsibility for ensuring the efficacy and safety of drugs and medical devices. Before the FDA existed, drug makers could hawk any potion, claim treatment of any ailment, and make any promise on a label. But then, throughout the twentieth century, the government was forced to take action when children were poisoned by contaminated diphtheria and smallpox vaccines, an early antibiotic contained antifreeze, a drug prescribed for morning sickness in pregnancy caused babies to be born disfigured, and access to AIDS drugs was limited to a few clinical trials while thousands died. Sekeres describes all these events against the backdrop of the contentious 2011 hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin, in which he participated as a panel member. The Avastin hearings, he says, put to the test a century of the FDA’s evolution, demonstrating how its system of checks and balances works—or doesn’t work.

Drugs and the FDA

Author : Mikkael A. Sekeres
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 319 pages
File Size : 43,8 Mb
Release : 2022-09-27
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780262371315

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Drugs and the FDA by Mikkael A. Sekeres Pdf

How the FDA was shaped by public health crises and patient advocacy, told against a background of the contentious hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin. Food and Drug Administration approval for COVID-19 vaccines and the controversial Alzheimer’s drug Aduhelm made headlines, but few of us know much about how the agency does its work. Why is the FDA the ultimate US authority on a drug’s safety and efficacy? In Drugs and the FDA, Mikkael Sekeres—a leading oncologist and former chair of the FDA’s cancer drug advisory committee—tells the story of how the FDA became the most trusted regulatory agency in the world. It took a series of tragedies and health crises, as well as patient advocacy, for the government to take responsibility for ensuring the efficacy and safety of drugs and medical devices. Before the FDA existed, drug makers could hawk any potion, claim treatment of any ailment, and make any promise on a label. But then, throughout the twentieth century, the government was forced to take action when children were poisoned by contaminated diphtheria and smallpox vaccines, an early antibiotic contained antifreeze, a drug prescribed for morning sickness in pregnancy caused babies to be born disfigured, and access to AIDS drugs was limited to a few clinical trials while thousands died. Sekeres describes all these events against the backdrop of the contentious 2011 hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin, in which he participated as a panel member. The Avastin hearings, he says, put to the test a century of the FDA’s evolution, demonstrating how its system of checks and balances works—or doesn’t work.

Drugs and the FDA

Author : Mikkael A. Sekeres
Publisher : MIT Press
Page : 319 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2022-09-27
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780262047319

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Drugs and the FDA by Mikkael A. Sekeres Pdf

How the FDA was shaped by public health crises and patient advocacy, told against a background of the contentious hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin. Food and Drug Administration approval for COVID-19 vaccines and the controversial Alzheimer’s drug Aduhelm made headlines, but few of us know much about how the agency does its work. Why is the FDA the ultimate US authority on a drug’s safety and efficacy? In Drugs and the FDA, Mikkael Sekeres—a leading oncologist and former chair of the FDA’s cancer drug advisory committee—tells the story of how the FDA became the most trusted regulatory agency in the world. It took a series of tragedies and health crises, as well as patient advocacy, for the government to take responsibility for ensuring the efficacy and safety of drugs and medical devices. Before the FDA existed, drug makers could hawk any potion, claim treatment of any ailment, and make any promise on a label. But then, throughout the twentieth century, the government was forced to take action when children were poisoned by contaminated diphtheria and smallpox vaccines, an early antibiotic contained antifreeze, a drug prescribed for morning sickness in pregnancy caused babies to be born disfigured, and access to AIDS drugs was limited to a few clinical trials while thousands died. Sekeres describes all these events against the backdrop of the contentious 2011 hearings on the breast cancer drug Avastin, in which he participated as a panel member. The Avastin hearings, he says, put to the test a century of the FDA’s evolution, demonstrating how its system of checks and balances works—or doesn’t work.

FDA Approved Animal Drug Products

Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 144 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 1998
Category : Veterinary drugs
ISBN : UOM:39015035689275

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FDA Approved Animal Drug Products by Anonim Pdf

FDA in the Twenty-First Century

Author : Holly Fernandez Lynch,I. Glenn Cohen
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Page : 499 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2015-09-08
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9780231540070

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FDA in the Twenty-First Century by Holly Fernandez Lynch,I. Glenn Cohen Pdf

In its decades-long effort to assure the safety, efficacy, and security of medicines and other products, the Food and Drug Administration has struggled with issues of funding, proper associations with industry, and the balance between consumer choice and consumer protection. Today, these challenges are compounded by the pressures of globalization, the introduction of novel technologies, and fast-evolving threats to public health. With essays by leading scholars and government and private-industry experts, FDA in the Twenty-First Century addresses perennial and new problems and the improvements the agency can make to better serve the public good. The collection features essays on effective regulation in an era of globalization, consumer empowerment, and comparative effectiveness, as well as questions of data transparency, conflicts of interest, industry responsibility, and innovation policy, all with an emphasis on pharmaceuticals. The book also intervenes in the debate over off-label drug marketing and the proper role of the FDA before and after a drug goes on the market. Dealing honestly and thoroughly with the FDA's successes and failures, these essays rethink the structure, function, and future of the agency and the effect policy innovations may have on regulatory institutions abroad.

FDA's Drug Review Process and the Package Label

Author : Tom Brody
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 670 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 2017-12-13
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9780128146484

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FDA's Drug Review Process and the Package Label by Tom Brody Pdf

FDA's Drug Review Process and the Package Label provides guidance to pharmaceutical companies for writing FDA-submissions, such as the NDA, BLA, Clinical Study Reports, and Investigator's Brochures. The book provides guidance to medical writers for drafting FDA-submissions in a way more likely to persuade FDA reviewers to grant approval of the drug. In detail, the book reproduces data on efficacy and safety from one hundred different FDA-submissions (NDAs, BLAs). The book reproduces comments and complaints from FDA reviewers regarding data that are fragmentary, ambiguous, or that detract from the drug's approvability, and the book reveals how sponsors overcame FDA's concerns and how sponsors succeeded in persuading FDA to grant approval of the drug. The book uses the most reliable and comprehensive source of information available for writing FDA-submissions, namely text and data from NDAs and BLAs, as published on FDA's website. The source material for writing this book included about 80,000 pages from FDA's Medical Reviews, FDA's Clinical Pharmacology Reviews, and FDA's Pharmacology Reviews, from one hundred different NDAs or BLAs for one hundred different drugs. Each chapter focuses on a different section of the package label, e.g., the Dosage and Administration section or the Drug Interactions section, and demonstrates how the sponsor's data supported that section of the package label. Reveals strategies for winning FDA approval and for drafting the package label Examples are from one hundred FDA-submissions (NDAs, BLAs) for one hundred different drugs, e.g., for oncology, metabolic diseases, autoimmune diseases, and neurological diseases This book uses the most reliable and comprehensive source of information available for writing FDA-submissions, namely, the data from NDAs and BLAs as published on FDA's website at the time FDA grants approval to the drug

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse
Publisher : National Academies Press
Page : 483 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2017-09-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780309459570

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Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse Pdf

Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Inside the FDA

Author : Fran Hawthorne
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 393 pages
File Size : 55,7 Mb
Release : 2010-12-13
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781118040065

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Inside the FDA by Fran Hawthorne Pdf

The forces that shape America's most powerful consumer agency Because of the importance of what it regulates, the FDA comes under tremendous political, industry, and consumer pressure. But the pressure goes far beyond the ordinary lobbying of Washington trade groups. Its mandate-one quarter of the national economy-brings the FDA into the middle of some of the most important and contentious issues of modern society. From "designer" babies and abortion to the price of prescription drugs and the role of government itself, Inside the FDA takes readers on an intriguing journey into the world of today's most powerful consumer agency. In a time when companies continue to accuse the FDA of nitpicking and needlessly delaying needed new drugs, and consumers are convinced that the agency bends to industry pressure by rushing unsafe drugs to market, Inside the FDA digs deep to reveal the truth. Through scores of interviews and real-world stories, Hawthorne also shows how and why the agency makes some of its most controversial decisions as well as how its recent reaction to certain issues-including the revolutionary cancer drug Erbitux, stem cell research, and bioengineering of food-may jeopardize its ability to keep up with future scientific developments. Inside the FDA takes a closer look at the practices, people, and politics of this crucial watchdog in light of the competing pressures and trends of modern society, revealing what the FDA is supposed to do, what it actually does-and fails to do-who it influences, and how it could better fulfill its mandate. The decisions that the FDA makes are literally life and death. Inside the FDA provides a sophisticated account of how this vitally important agency struggles to balance bureaucracy and politics with its overriding mission to promote the country's health.

New Drugs

Author : Lawrence Tim Friedhoff
Publisher : Booksurge Publishing
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Release : 2009
Category : Drug development
ISBN : 141969961X

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New Drugs by Lawrence Tim Friedhoff Pdf

Drug development, the processes by which a chemical compound becomes a "drug" and is approved for sale by the FDA and European and Asian regulators, is not for the faint-of-heart or the shortsighted. Designing and monitoring studies, obtaining and analyzing scientific data, and reconciling clinical results against the ethical constraints and regulatory guidelines of government agencies, requires a complex interaction of in-house specialists and academic and commercial consultants worldwide. Scientific, technical, and tactical considerations play out in an environment where a balance must be struck between the often-competing interests of the corporation, its investors, government regulators, and the safety and well being of intended patients. All the while, dwindling patent protections impose an ever-contracting timeframe for success. Written to be accessible to a wide audience, NEW DRUGS provides a thorough, succinct, and practical understanding of these drug-development processes. If you're involved in the pharmaceutical industry, NEW DRUGS will provide scientific and management tools to increase the likelihood of regulatory approval at each phase of your compound's development. If you're a patient or consumer, NEW DRUGS will enable you to intelligently discuss medications with your health-care provider and empower you to make informed decisions at the pharmacy. If your portfolio, rather than your health, makes you an interested observer of the fortunes of this critical sector of the US economy, NEW DRUGS will help you to decode press releases and annual reports, so that you can recognize and invest in well-run companies with promising products.

An Overview of FDA Regulated Products

Author : Eunjoo Pacifici,Susan Bain
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 280 pages
File Size : 43,6 Mb
Release : 2018-06-13
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780128111567

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An Overview of FDA Regulated Products by Eunjoo Pacifici,Susan Bain Pdf

Today’s challenge, especially for many newcomers to the regulated industry, is not necessarily to gather regulatory information, but to know how to interpret and apply it. The ability to discern what is important from what is not, and to interpret regulatory documents correctly, provides a valuable competitive advantage to any newcomer or established professional in this field. An Overview of FDA Regulated Products: From Drugs and Medical Devices to Food and Tobacco provides a valuable summary of the key information to unveil the meaning of critical, and often complex, regulatory concepts. Concise and easy to read with practical explanations, key points, summaries and case studies, this book highlights the regulatory processes involved in bringing an FDA regulated product from research and development to approval and market. Although the primary focus will be on the US system, this book also features global perspectives where appropriate. A valuable resource for students, professors and professionals, An Overview of FDA Regulated Products illustrates the most important elements and concepts so that the reader can focus on the critical issues and make the necessary connections to be successful. Provides an overview of key regulatory requirements using a practical approach that features detailed discussions of hypothetical and real-world case studies in order to highlight the concepts and applications of regulations Covers all FDA regulated products, including drugs, biologics, medical devices, cosmetics, foods, dietary supplements, cosmetics, veterinary products, tobacco and more in one single reference Illustrates complex topics in a clear, succinct and engaging manner by breaking down technical terms and offering straightforward and easy to understand explanations

A Practical Guide to FDA's Food and Drug Law and Regulation, Seventh Edition

Author : Stephen M. Kanovsky,Wayne L. Pines
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 672 pages
File Size : 50,8 Mb
Release : 2020-09
Category : Drugs
ISBN : 1935065874

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A Practical Guide to FDA's Food and Drug Law and Regulation, Seventh Edition by Stephen M. Kanovsky,Wayne L. Pines Pdf

FDLI's popular reference book, A Practical Guide to FDA's Food and Drug Law and Regulation, Seventh Edition, provides an introduction to the laws and regulations governing development, marketing, and sale of FDA-regulated products, including topics on food, drugs, medical devices, biologics, dietary supplements, cosmetics, new animal drugs, cannabis, and tobacco and nicotine products. Structured to serve as a reference and as a teaching tool, the book offers practical legal and regulatory fundamentals, and each chapter builds sequentially from the last to provide an accessible overview of the key topics relevant to practitioners of food and drug law and regulation. This book is a standard legal text in law schools and graduate regulatory programs and has been cited as a reference in judicial opinions (including the U.S. Supreme Court). This Seventh Edition includes new sections on controlled substances, compounded drugs, and cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds. It also incorporates the latest amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as well as FDA regulations and guidances.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Author : Meredith A. Hickmann
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Page : 212 pages
File Size : 46,7 Mb
Release : 2003
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 159033387X

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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) by Meredith A. Hickmann Pdf

The FDA is responsible for ensuring the safety of foods, drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, and a variety of other products. These products account for 25 cents of every dollar US consumers spend. Under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, FDA is responsible for ensuring that these products are safe, accurately labelled, and in the case of drugs and medical devices, effective. FDA's tasks include: enforcement, pre-market product evaluation and approval, post-market surveillance and investigations, publishing of regulations, conducting and monitoring of research, public education, and regulating products and processes to prevent hazards to human health. Contents: Preface; Food and Drug Administration: Selected Funding Data; Food and Drug Administration: Selected Funding and Policy Issues; US European Agricultural Trade: Food and Biotechnology Issues; Food and Drug Administration: Selected Funding and Policy Issues; Food and Drug Administration Modernisation Act of 1997 -- The Provisions; Index.

FDA Regulatory Affairs

Author : David Mantus,Douglas J. Pisano
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 401 pages
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Release : 2014-02-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781841849201

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FDA Regulatory Affairs by David Mantus,Douglas J. Pisano Pdf

FDA Regulatory Affairs is a roadmap to prescription drug, biologics, and medical device development in the United States. Written in plain English, the concise and jargon-free text demystifies the inner workings of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and facilitates an understanding of how the agency operates with respect to compliance and product approval, including clinical trial exemptions, fast track status, advisory committee procedures, and more. The Third Edition of this highly successful publication: Examines the harmonization of the US Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with international regulations on human drug, biologics and device development, research, manufacturing, and marketing Includes contributions from experts at organizations such as the FDA, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and PAREXEL Focuses on the new drug application (NDA) process, cGMPs, GCPs, quality system compliance, and corresponding documentation requirements Provides updates to the FDA Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), incorporating pediatric guidelines and follow-on biologics regulations from the 2012 Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) V Explains current FDA inspection processes, enforcement options, and how to handle FDA meetings and required submissions Co-edited by an industry leader (Mantus) and a respected academic (Pisano), FDA Regulatory Affairs, Third Edition delivers a compilation of the selected US laws and regulations as well as a straightforward commentary on the FDA product approval process that’s broadly useful to both business and academia.

The Risks of Prescription Drugs

Author : Donald Light
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Page : 179 pages
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Release : 2010
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9780231146920

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The Risks of Prescription Drugs by Donald Light Pdf

Raises key questions about topics in the pharmaceutical industry, including how the risks of side effects are weighed, if privatization of that risk is prudent, and the high prices for drugs.