Einsteins Relativity And The Quantum Revolution

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Einstein's Relativity and the Quantum Revolution

Author : Teaching Company
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2000-01-01
Category : Physics
ISBN : 1565856120

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Einstein's Relativity and the Quantum Revolution by Teaching Company Pdf

Presents the fundamental ideas of relativity and quantum physics.

Einstein Defiant

Author : Edmund Blair Bolles
Publisher : Joseph Henry Press
Page : 357 pages
File Size : 51,9 Mb
Release : 2004-05-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780309096171

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Einstein Defiant by Edmund Blair Bolles Pdf

"I find the idea quite intolerable that an electron exposed to radiation should choose of its own free will, not only its moment to jump off, but also its direction. In that case, I would rather be a cobbler, or even an employee in a gaming house, than a physicist." -Albert Einstein A scandal hovers over the history of 20th century physics. Albert Einstein-the century's greatest physicist-was never able to come to terms with quantum mechanics, the century's greatest theoretical achievement. For physicists who routinely use both quantum laws and Einstein's ideas, this contradiction can be almost too embarrassing to dwell on. Yet Einstein was one of the founders of quantum physics and he spent many years preaching the quantum's importance and its revolutionary nature. The Danish genius Neils Bohr was another founder of quantum physics. He had managed to solve one of the few physics problems that Einstein ever shied away from, linking quantum mathematics with a new model of the atom. This leap immediately yielded results that explained electron behavior and the periodic table of the elements. Despite their mutual appreciation of the quantum's importance, these two giants of modern physics never agreed on the fundamentals of their work. In fact, they clashed repeatedly throughout the 1920s, arguing first over Einstein's theory of "light quanta"(photons), then over Niels Bohr's short-lived theory that denied the conservation of energy at the quantum level, and climactically over the new quantum mechanics that Bohr enthusiastically embraced and Einstein stubbornly defied. This contest of visions stripped the scientific imagination naked. Einstein was a staunch realist, demanding to know the physical reasons behind physical events. At odds with this approach was Bohr's more pragmatic perspective that favored theories that worked, even if he might not have a corresponding explanation of the underlying reality. Powerful and illuminating, Einstein Defiant is the first book to capture the soul and the science that inspired this dramatic duel, revealing the personalities and the passions-and, in the end, what was at stake for the world.

Einstein and the Quantum

Author : A. Douglas Stone
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 344 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 2015-10-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780691168562

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Einstein and the Quantum by A. Douglas Stone Pdf

The untold story of Albert Einstein's role as the father of quantum theory Einstein and the Quantum reveals for the first time the full significance of Albert Einstein's contributions to quantum theory. Einstein famously rejected quantum mechanics, observing that God does not play dice. But, in fact, he thought more about the nature of atoms, molecules, and the emission and absorption of light—the core of what we now know as quantum theory—than he did about relativity. A compelling blend of physics, biography, and the history of science, Einstein and the Quantum shares the untold story of how Einstein—not Max Planck or Niels Bohr—was the driving force behind early quantum theory. It paints a vivid portrait of the iconic physicist as he grappled with the apparently contradictory nature of the atomic world, in which its invisible constituents defy the categories of classical physics, behaving simultaneously as both particle and wave. And it demonstrates how Einstein's later work on the emission and absorption of light, and on atomic gases, led directly to Erwin Schrödinger's breakthrough to the modern form of quantum mechanics. The book sheds light on why Einstein ultimately renounced his own brilliant work on quantum theory, due to his deep belief in science as something objective and eternal.

Einstein's Unfinished Revolution

Author : Lee Smolin
Publisher : Knopf Canada
Page : 352 pages
File Size : 51,8 Mb
Release : 2019-04-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780345809124

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Einstein's Unfinished Revolution by Lee Smolin Pdf

A daring new vision of the quantum universe, and the scandals controversies, and questions that may illuminate our future--from Canada's leading mind on contemporary physics. Quantum physics is the golden child of modern science. It is the basis of our understanding of atoms, radiation, and so much else, from elementary particles and basic forces to the behaviour of materials. But for a century it has also been the problem child of science, plagued by intense disagreements between its intellectual giants, from Albert Einstein to Stephen Hawking, over the strange paradoxes and implications that seem like the stuff of fantasy. Whether it's Schrödinger's cat--a creature that is simultaneously dead and alive--or a belief that the world does not exist independently of our observations of it, quantum theory is what challenges our fundamental assumptions about our reality. In Einstein's Unfinished Revolution, globally renowned theoretical physicist Lee Smolin provocatively argues that the problems which have bedeviled quantum physics since its inception are unsolved for the simple reason that the theory is incomplete. There is more, waiting to be discovered. Our task--if we are to have simple answers to our simple questions about the universe we live in--must be to go beyond it to a description of the world on an atomic scale that makes sense. In this vibrant and accessible book, Smolin takes us on a journey through the basics of quantum physics, introducing the stories of the experiments and figures that have transformed the field, before wrestling with the puzzles and conundrums that they present. Along the way, he illuminates the existing theories about the quantum world that might solve these problems, guiding us toward his own vision that embraces common sense realism. If we are to have any hope of completing the revolution that Einstein began nearly a century ago, we must go beyond quantum mechanics as we know it to find a theory that will give us a complete description of nature. In Einstein's Unfinished Revolution, Lee Smolin brings us a step closer to resolving one of the greatest scientific controversies of our age.

About Time

Author : P. C. W. Davies,Paul Davies
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Page : 322 pages
File Size : 40,8 Mb
Release : 1996-04-09
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9780684818221

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About Time by P. C. W. Davies,Paul Davies Pdf

Examines the ramifications of Einstein's relativity theory, exploring the mysteries of time and considering black holes, time travel, the existence of God, and the nature of the universe.

Erwin Schrodinger and the Quantum Revolution

Author : John Gribbin
Publisher : Random House
Page : 338 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2012-03-29
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN : 9781446465714

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Erwin Schrodinger and the Quantum Revolution by John Gribbin Pdf

Erwin Schrödinger was an Austrian physicist famous for his contribution to quantum physics. He won the Nobel Prize in 1933 and is best known for his thought experiment of a cat in a box, both alive and dead at the same time, which revealed the seemingly paradoxical nature of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger was working at one of the most fertile and creative moments in the whole history of science. By the time he started university in 1906, Einstein had already published his revolutionary papers on relativity. Now the baton of scientific progress was being passed to a new generation: Werner Heisenberg, Paul Dirac, Niels Bohr, and of course, Schrödinger himself. In this riveting biography John Gribbin takes us into the heart of the quantum revolution. He tells the story of Schrödinger's surprisingly colourful life (he arrived for a position at Oxford University with both his wife and mistress). And with his trademark accessible style and popular touch, he explains the fascinating world of quantum mechanics, which underpins all of modern science.

The Second Quantum Revolution

Author : Lars Jaeger
Publisher : Springer
Page : 339 pages
File Size : 50,8 Mb
Release : 2019-01-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319988245

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The Second Quantum Revolution by Lars Jaeger Pdf

This book tells the story of the second quantum revolution which will shape the 21st century as much as the first quantum revolution shaped the 20th century. It provides unique orientation in today's discussion and the latest progress on the interpretation of quantum physics and its further technological potential. As you read this book the first prototypes of this revolution are being built in laboratories worldwide. Super-technologies such as nanotechnology, quantum computers, quantum information processing, and others will soon shape our daily lives, even if physicists themselves continue to disagree on how to interpret the central theory of modern physics. The book will thus also touch on the profound philosophical questions at the heart of quantum mechanics.

Einstein's Generation

Author : Richard Staley
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 505 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2008
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780226770574

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Einstein's Generation by Richard Staley Pdf

'Einstein's Generation' offers a new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein's colleagues to his pioneering work.

The End of Time

Author : Julian Barbour
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 385 pages
File Size : 42,9 Mb
Release : 2001-11-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780199760893

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The End of Time by Julian Barbour Pdf

Richard Feynman once quipped that "Time is what happens when nothing else does." But Julian Barbour disagrees: if nothing happened, if nothing changed, then time would stop. For time is nothing but change. It is change that we perceive occurring all around us, not time. Put simply, time does not exist. In this highly provocative volume, Barbour presents the basic evidence for a timeless universe, and shows why we still experience the world as intensely temporal. It is a book that strikes at the heart of modern physics. It casts doubt on Einstein's greatest contribution, the spacetime continuum, but also points to the solution of one of the great paradoxes of modern science, the chasm between classical and quantum physics. Indeed, Barbour argues that the holy grail of physicists--the unification of Einstein's general relativity with quantum mechanics--may well spell the end of time. Barbour writes with remarkable clarity as he ranges from the ancient philosophers Heraclitus and Parmenides, through the giants of science Galileo, Newton, and Einstein, to the work of the contemporary physicists John Wheeler, Roger Penrose, and Steven Hawking. Along the way he treats us to enticing glimpses of some of the mysteries of the universe, and presents intriguing ideas about multiple worlds, time travel, immortality, and, above all, the illusion of motion. The End of Time is a vibrantly written and revolutionary book. It turns our understanding of reality inside-out.

Quantum revolution

Author : Ganesan Venkataraman,G... Venkataraman
Publisher : Universities Press
Page : 204 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 1994
Category : Physics
ISBN : 8173710023

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Quantum revolution by Ganesan Venkataraman,G... Venkataraman Pdf

Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma

Author : Andrew Whitaker
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 372 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 1996
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN : 0521484286

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Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma by Andrew Whitaker Pdf

This book explores the debate between Einstein and Bohr in the 1920s and 1930s about their interpretations of the quantum theory.

Galileo Unbound

Author : David D. Nolte
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 384 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2018-07-12
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780192528506

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Galileo Unbound by David D. Nolte Pdf

Galileo Unbound traces the journey that brought us from Galileo's law of free fall to today's geneticists measuring evolutionary drift, entangled quantum particles moving among many worlds, and our lives as trajectories traversing a health space with thousands of dimensions. Remarkably, common themes persist that predict the evolution of species as readily as the orbits of planets or the collapse of stars into black holes. This book tells the history of spaces of expanding dimension and increasing abstraction and how they continue today to give new insight into the physics of complex systems. Galileo published the first modern law of motion, the Law of Fall, that was ideal and simple, laying the foundation upon which Newton built the first theory of dynamics. Early in the twentieth century, geometry became the cause of motion rather than the result when Einstein envisioned the fabric of space-time warped by mass and energy, forcing light rays to bend past the Sun. Possibly more radical was Feynman's dilemma of quantum particles taking all paths at once — setting the stage for the modern fields of quantum field theory and quantum computing. Yet as concepts of motion have evolved, one thing has remained constant, the need to track ever more complex changes and to capture their essence, to find patterns in the chaos as we try to predict and control our world.

Simply Einstein: Relativity Demystified

Author : Richard Wolfson
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Page : 288 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 2003-11-17
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780393242188

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Simply Einstein: Relativity Demystified by Richard Wolfson Pdf

With this reader-friendly book, it doesn't take an Einstein to understand the theory of relativity and its remarkable consequences. In clear, understandable terms, physicist Richard Wolfson explores the ideas at the heart of relativity and shows how they lead to such seeming absurdities as time travel, curved space, black holes, and new meaning for the idea of past and future. Drawing from years of teaching modern physics to nonscientists, Wolfson explains in a lively, conversational style the simple principles underlying Einstein's theory. Relativity, Wolfson shows, gave us a new view of space and time, opening the door to questions about their flexible nature: Is the universe finite or infinite? Will it expand forever or eventually collapse in a "big crunch"? Is time travel possible? What goes on inside a black hole? How does gravity really work? These questions at the forefront of twenty-first-century physics are all rooted in the profound and sweeping vision of Albert Einstein's early twentieth-century theory. Wolfson leads his readers on an intellectual journey that culminates in a universe made almost unimaginably rich by the principles that Einstein first discovered.

The Evolution of Physics

Author : Einstein
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 326 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 1971-11-30
Category : Science
ISBN : 0521083710

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The Evolution of Physics by Einstein Pdf

Einstein's Revolution: A Study Of Theory Unification

Author : Rinat M. Nugayev
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Page : 215 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2018-03-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781681086354

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Einstein's Revolution: A Study Of Theory Unification by Rinat M. Nugayev Pdf

Einstein’s Revolution: A Study of Theory Unification gives students of physics and philosophy, and general readers, an epistemological insight into the genesis of Einstein’s special relativity and its further unification with other theories. The book starts with an introductory analysis of the reasons for mature theory change in science. This leads to a discussion about special relativity genesis. It is contended that Einstein’s ingenious approach to special relativity creation, substantially distinguishing him from Lorentz’s and Poincaré’s invaluable impacts, turns to be a milestone of maxwellian electrodynamics, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics reconciliation design. Special relativity turns out to be grounded on Einstein’s breakthrough 1905 light quantum hypothesis. Eventually the author amends the received view on the general relativity genesis by stressing that the main reason for Einstein’s victory over the rival programmes of Abraham and Nordström was a unificationist character of Einstein’s research programme.