General Relativity

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General Relativity

Author : Norbert Straumann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 736 pages
File Size : 40,9 Mb
Release : 2012-10-08
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789400754102

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General Relativity by Norbert Straumann Pdf

This book provides a completely revised and expanded version of the previous classic edition ‘General Relativity and Relativistic Astrophysics’. In Part I the foundations of general relativity are thoroughly developed, while Part II is devoted to tests of general relativity and many of its applications. Binary pulsars – our best laboratories for general relativity – are studied in considerable detail. An introduction to gravitational lensing theory is included as well, so as to make the current literature on the subject accessible to readers. Considerable attention is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes. This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerr solution, Israel’s proof of his uniqueness theorem, and a derivation of the basic laws of black hole physics. Part II ends with Witten’s proof of the positive energy theorem, which is presented in detail, together with the required tools on spin structures and spinor analysis. In Part III, all of the differential geometric tools required are developed in detail. A great deal of effort went into refining and improving the text for the new edition. New material has been added, including a chapter on cosmology. The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophysics and mathematics. It utilizes a very well structured approach, which should help it continue to be a standard work for a modern treatment of gravitational physics. The clear presentation of differential geometry also makes it useful for work on string theory and other fields of physics, classical as well as quantum.

Special and General Relativity

Author : Rainer Dick
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Page : 151 pages
File Size : 52,9 Mb
Release : 2019-02-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781643273808

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Special and General Relativity by Rainer Dick Pdf

This book provides a concise introduction to both the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity. The format is chosen to provide the basis for a single semester course which can take the students all the way from the foundations of special relativity to the core results of general relativity: the Einstein equation and the equations of motion for particles and light in curved spacetime. To facilitate access to the topics of special and general relativity for science and engineering students without prior training in relativity or geometry, the relevant geometric notions are also introduced and developed from the ground up. Students in physics, mathematics or engineering with an interest to learn Einstein's theories of relativity should be able to use this book already in the second semester of their third year. The book could also be used as the basis of a graduate level introduction to relativity for students who did not learn relativity as part of their undergraduate training.

General Relativity for Mathematicians

Author : R.K. Sachs,H.-H. Wu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 292 pages
File Size : 50,8 Mb
Release : 2012-12-06
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9781461299035

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General Relativity for Mathematicians by R.K. Sachs,H.-H. Wu Pdf

This is a book about physics, written for mathematicians. The readers we have in mind can be roughly described as those who: I. are mathematics graduate students with some knowledge of global differential geometry 2. have had the equivalent of freshman physics, and find popular accounts of astrophysics and cosmology interesting 3. appreciate mathematical elarity, but are willing to accept physical motiva tions for the mathematics in place of mathematical ones 4. are willing to spend time and effort mastering certain technical details, such as those in Section 1. 1. Each book disappoints so me readers. This one will disappoint: 1. physicists who want to use this book as a first course on differential geometry 2. mathematicians who think Lorentzian manifolds are wholly similar to Riemannian ones, or that, given a sufficiently good mathematical back ground, the essentials of a subject !ike cosmology can be learned without so me hard work on boring detaiis 3. those who believe vague philosophical arguments have more than historical and heuristic significance, that general relativity should somehow be "proved," or that axiomatization of this subject is useful 4. those who want an encyclopedic treatment (the books by Hawking-Ellis [1], Penrose [1], Weinberg [1], and Misner-Thorne-Wheeler [I] go further into the subject than we do; see also the survey article, Sachs-Wu [1]). 5. mathematicians who want to learn quantum physics or unified fieId theory (unfortunateIy, quantum physics texts all seem either to be for physicists, or merely concerned with formaI mathematics).

Gravitational Theories Beyond General Relativity

Author : Iberê Kuntz
Publisher : Springer
Page : 82 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2019-05-21
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783030211974

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Gravitational Theories Beyond General Relativity by Iberê Kuntz Pdf

Despite the success of general relativity in explaining classical gravitational phenomena, several problems at the interface between gravitation and high energy physics still remain open. The purpose of this thesis is to explore quantum gravity and its phenomenological consequences for dark matter, gravitational waves and inflation. A new formalism to classify gravitational theories based on their degrees of freedom is introduced and, in light of this classification, it is argued that dark matter is no different from modified gravity. Gravitational waves are shown to be damped due to quantum degrees of freedom. The consequences for gravitational wave events are also discussed. The non-minimal coupling of the Higgs boson to gravity is studied in connection with Starobinsky inflation and its implications for the vacuum instability problem is analyzed.

Special Relativity, Electrodynamics, and General Relativity

Author : John B. Kogut
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 454 pages
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Release : 2018-01-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780128137215

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Special Relativity, Electrodynamics, and General Relativity by John B. Kogut Pdf

Special Relativity, Electrodynamics, and General Relativity: From Newton to Einstein is intended to teach students of physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and cosmology how to think about special and general relativity in a fundamental but accessible way. Designed to render any reader a "master of relativity, all material on the subject is comprehensible and derivable from first principles. The book emphasizes problem solving, contains abundant problem sets, and is conveniently organized to meet the needs of both student and instructor. Fully revised and expanded second edition with improved figures Enlarged discussion of dynamics and the relativistic version of Newton’s second law Resolves the twin paradox from the principles of special and general relativity Includes new chapters which derive magnetism from relativity and electrostatics Derives Maxwell’s equations from Gauss’ law and the principles of special relativity Includes new chapters on differential geometry, space-time curvature, and the field equations of general relativity Introduces black holes and gravitational waves as illustrations of the principles of general relativity and relates them to the 2015 and 2017 observational discoveries of LIGO

Scalar Fields in Numerical General Relativity

Author : Katy Clough
Publisher : Springer
Page : 197 pages
File Size : 41,7 Mb
Release : 2018-06-16
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319926728

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Scalar Fields in Numerical General Relativity by Katy Clough Pdf

This book explores the use of numerical relativity (NR) methods to solve cosmological problems, and describes one of the first uses of NR to study inflationary physics. NR consists in the solution of Einstein’s Equation of general relativity, which governs the evolution of matter and energy on cosmological scales, and in systems where there are strong gravitational effects, such as around black holes. To date, NR has mainly been used for simulating binary black hole and neutron star mergers like those detected recently by LIGO. Its use as a tool in fundamental problems of gravity and cosmology is novel, but rapidly gaining interest. In this thesis, the author investigates the initial condition problem in early universe cosmology – whether an inflationary expansion period could have “got going” from initially inhomogeneous conditions – and identifies criteria for predicting the robustness of particular models. State-of-the-art numerical relativity tools are developed in order to address this question, which are now publicly available.

Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory

Author : David B. Malament
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 363 pages
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Release : 2012-05-07
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780226502458

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Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory by David B. Malament Pdf

In Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory, David B. Malament presents the basic logical-mathematical structure of general relativity and considers a number of special topics concerning the foundations of general relativity and its relation to Newtonian gravitation theory. These special topics include the geometrized formulation of Newtonian theory (also known as Newton-Cartan theory), the concept of rotation in general relativity, and Gödel spacetime. One of the highlights of the book is a no-go theorem that can be understood to show that there is no criterion of orbital rotation in general relativity that fully answers to our classical intuitions. Topics is intended for both students and researchers in mathematical physics and philosophy of science.

The singularities as ontological limits of the general relativity

Author : Nicolae Sfetcu
Publisher : Nicolae Sfetcu
Page : 33 pages
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Release : 2019-01-31
Category : Science
ISBN : 8210379456XXX

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The singularities as ontological limits of the general relativity by Nicolae Sfetcu Pdf

ESSAYS Collection The singularities from the general relativity resulting by solving Einstein's equations were and still are the subject of many scientific debates: Are there singularities in spacetime, or not? Big Bang was an initial singularity? If singularities exist, what is their ontology? Is the general theory of relativity a theory that has shown its limits in this case? In this essay I argue that there are singularities, and the general theory of relativity, as any other scientific theory at present, is not valid for singularities. But that does not mean, as some scientists think, that it must be regarded as being obsolete. After a brief presentation of the specific aspects of Newtonian classical theory and the special theory of relativity, and a brief presentation of the general theory of relativity, the chapter Ontology of General Relativity presents the ontological aspects of general relativity. The next chapter, Singularities, is dedicated to the presentation of the singularities resulting in general relativity, the specific aspects of the black holes and the event horizon, including the Big Bang debate as original singularity, and arguments for the existence of the singularities. In Singularity Ontology, I am talking about the possibilities of ontological framing of singularities in general and black holes in particular, about the hole argument highlighted by Einstein, and the arguments presented by scientists that there are no singularities and therefore that the general theory of relativity is in deadlock. In Conclusions I outline and summarize briefly the arguments that support my above views. CONTENTS Abstract Introduction Classical Theory and Special Relativity General Relativity (GR) 1 Ontology of General Relativity 2 Singularities Black Holes Event Horizon Big Bang Are there Singularities? 3 Ontology of Singularities Ontology of black holes The hole argument There are no singularities Conclusions Notes Bibliography

Topics in Mathematical Physics, General Relativity, and Cosmology in Honor of Jerzy Pleba?ski

Author : Hugo Garc¡a-Compe n,Bogdan Mielnik,Merced Montesinos
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 528 pages
File Size : 40,9 Mb
Release : 2006
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789812700476

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Topics in Mathematical Physics, General Relativity, and Cosmology in Honor of Jerzy Pleba?ski by Hugo Garc¡a-Compe n,Bogdan Mielnik,Merced Montesinos Pdf

One of modern science's most famous and controversial figures, Jerzy Plebanski was an outstanding theoretical physicist and an author of many intriguing discoveries in general relativity and quantum theory. Known for his exceptional analytic talents, explosive character, inexhaustible energy, and bohemian nights with brandy, coffee, and enormous amounts of cigarettes, he was dedicated to both science and art, producing innumerable handwritten articles - resembling monk's calligraphy - as well as a collection of oil paintings. As a collaborator but also an antagonist of Leopold Infeld's (a coauthor of Albert Einstein's), Plebanski is recognized for designing the "heavenly" and "hyper-heavenly" equations, for introducing new variables to describe the gravitational field, for the exact solutions in Einstein's gravity and in quantum theory, for his classification of the tensor of matter, for some outstanding results in nonlinear electrodynamics, and for analyzing general relativity with continuous sources long before Chandrasekhar et al. A tribute to Plebaski's contributions and the variety of his interests, this is a unique and wide-ranging collection of invited papers, covering gravity quantization, strings, branes, supersymmetry, ideas on the deformation quantization, and lesser known results on the continuous Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff problem.

General Relativity for Planetary Navigation

Author : James Miller,Connie J. Weeks
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 109 pages
File Size : 52,6 Mb
Release : 2021-08-31
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783030775469

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General Relativity for Planetary Navigation by James Miller,Connie J. Weeks Pdf

This brief approaches General Relativity from a planetary navigation perspective, delving into the unconventional mathematical methods required to produce computer software for space missions. It provides a derivation of the Einstein field equations and describes experiments performed on the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous mission, spanning General Relativity Theory from the fundamental assumptions to experimental verification. The software used for planetary missions is derived from mathematics that use matrix notation. An alternative is to use Einstein summation notation, which enables the mathematics to be presented in a compact form but makes the geometry difficult to understand. In this book, the relationship of matrix notation to summation notation is shown. The purpose is to enable the reader to derive the mathematics used in the software in either matrix notation or summation notation. This brief is a useful tool for advanced students and young professionals embarking on careers in planetary navigation.

Ray Optics, Fermat’s Principle, and Applications to General Relativity

Author : Volker Perlick
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 222 pages
File Size : 52,6 Mb
Release : 2003-07-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783540466628

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Ray Optics, Fermat’s Principle, and Applications to General Relativity by Volker Perlick Pdf

This book is about the mathematical theory of light propagation in media on general-relativistic spacetimes. The first part discusses the transition from Maxwell's equations to ray optics. The second part establishes a general mathematical framework for treating ray optics as a theory in its own right, making extensive use of the Hamiltonian formalism. This part also includes a detailed discussion of variational principles (i.e., various versions of Fermat's principle) for light rays in general-relativistic media. Some applications, e.g. to gravitational lensing, are worked out. The reader is assumed to have some basic knowledge of general relativity and some familiarity with differential geometry. Some of the results are published here for the first time, e.g. a general-relativistic version of Fermat's principle for light rays in a medium that has to satisfy some regularity condition only.

General Relativity and its Applications

Author : Valeria Ferrari,Leonardo Gualtieri,Paolo Pani
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 476 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2020-12-21
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780429957802

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General Relativity and its Applications by Valeria Ferrari,Leonardo Gualtieri,Paolo Pani Pdf

Containing the latest, groundbreaking discoveries in the field, this text outlines the basics of Einstein’s theory of gravity with a focus on its most important astrophysical consequences, including stellar structures, black holes and the physics of gravitational waves. Blending advanced topics - usually not found in introductory textbooks - with examples, pedagogical boxes, mathematical tools and practical applications of the theory, this textbook maximises learning opportunities and is ideal for master and graduate students in Physics and Astronomy. Key features: • Provides a self-contained and consistent treatment of the subject that does not require advanced previous knowledge of the field. • Explores the subject with a new focus on gravitational waves and astrophysical relativity, unlike current introductory textbooks. • Fully up-to-date, containing the latest developments and discoveries in the field.

Introduction to 2-spinors in General Relativity

Author : Peter J. O'Donnell
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 205 pages
File Size : 54,8 Mb
Release : 2003
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789812383075

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Introduction to 2-spinors in General Relativity by Peter J. O'Donnell Pdf

This book deals with 2-spinors in general relativity, beginning by developing spinors in a geometrical way rather than using representation theory, which can be a little abstract. This gives the reader greater physical intuition into the way in which spinors behave. The book concentrates on the algebra and calculus of spinors connected with curved space-time. Many of the well-known tensor fields in general relativity are shown to have spinor counterparts. An analysis of the Lanczos spinor concludes the book, and some of the techniques so far encountered are applied to this. Exercises play an important role throughout and are given at the end of each chapter.

One Hundred Years Of General Relativity: From Genesis And Empirical Foundations To Gravitational Waves, Cosmology And Quantum Gravity - Volume 1

Author : Wei-tou Ni
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 720 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2017-05-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814635141

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One Hundred Years Of General Relativity: From Genesis And Empirical Foundations To Gravitational Waves, Cosmology And Quantum Gravity - Volume 1 by Wei-tou Ni Pdf

The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory: The first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

The n-Body Problem in General Relativity

Author : T. Levi-Civita
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 120 pages
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Release : 2013-11-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789401733984

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The n-Body Problem in General Relativity by T. Levi-Civita Pdf

1 IN THE MONOGRAPH SERIES directed by Henri Villat, several fasci cules have been devoted to Relativity. First there are the general presentations ofTh. De Donder (nos. 8, 14, 43, 58), and then those more specifically devoted to Einsteinian gravitation - notably Georges Darmois's contribution (no. 25) and that of J. Haag (no. 46) on the Schwarzschild problem. The present fascicule takes its place alongside the two latter monographs, but it has been conceived and composed in such a way that it may be read and understood by anyone with a knowledge of the principles of Absolute Differential Calculus and of Relativity - either from the original exposi tions of Einstein, Weyl, or Eddington, or, in French, from Cartan's excel 2 lent works (for everything having to do with mathematical theories) and 3 from Chazy's (for Relativity and Celestial Mechanics), or naturally from Levi-Civita's The Absolute Differential Calculus (first edition, London and Glasgow, Blackie and Son, 1927) where the two original papers written in Italian are brought together: namely, Calcolo differenziale assoluto and Fondamenti di meccanica relativistica (Bologna, Zanichelli). As for the present fascicule, it is hardly necessary to point out that, as its title indicates, we seek to establish in the simplest possible terms the rela tivistic aspect of what Newton and those who followed him regarded as the key to ordinary Celestial Mechanics.