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International Financial Statistics Country Notes 2013 by International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept. Pdf
This issue of International Financial Statistics (IFS), Country Notes presents, in two sections, brief information on the data published in IFS. The first section provides a description of the compilation techniques underlying selected area and world tables. The second identifies for each country the standard sources of the statistics and provides some explanatory material on each country’s data, including any breaks in the series. Country Notes is designed to be a companion volume to each version of IFS: the monthly print edition, the yearbook, the CD-ROM, and the Internet. It will normally appear as an annual volume and will be shipped with the print edition of the International Financial Statistics Yearbook during August each year. The aggregate Industrial Production Index for the industrial countries as a group is calculated by the Statistics Department from industrial and manufacturing production indices that are published in the country pages. Private commercial banks report data based on the Gregorian calendar, while state-owned commercial banks report data based on the Solar calendar. This results in differences in the interbank positions for other depository corporations.
Country-of-Origin Effect in International Business by Anna Grudecka,Marzanna K. Witek-Hajduk Pdf
Various phenomena in the global economy, such as intensifying firm internationalization and international sourcing resulting in a growing number of hybrid products, raise the question of whether the country-of-origin (COO) and the country-of-origin effect (COE) still matter in contemporary international business. This book points out various aspects of COO, its dimensions and COE that remain significant challenges for consumers, companies and brands not only from emerging and developing countries but also from developed ones. This edited book offers a multifaceted approach to COO and COE. It explores COO communication/neutralization, economic and legal issues, as well as semiotic and anthropological aspects of COO communication in advertising. The book also discusses the impact of COO on consumer behaviour, including in the luxury goods market, and the role of consumer ethnocentrism. It takes a novel, interdisciplinary approach to the field, covering various aspects of the COO, its implications for international business, further theoretical developments within this phenomenon and empirical evidence delivered by scholars representing different fields of science. This book is addressed predominantly to the academic community – academics, scholars and upper-level students – in international marketing, international business and consumer behaviour.
International Marketing and the Country of Origin Effect by G. Bertoli Pdf
'The approach of the chapters that comprise this volume is academically rigorous and at the same time managerially relevant, which is why I believe the book helps to push the made-in research agenda forward at the same time as it provides practitioners with new ideas they can apply to their brands.' – Nicolas Papadopoulos, Carleton University, Canada The country of origin of goods and services can have positive or negative effect on customers' intentions to purchase. This book analyzes the impact of this effect on the international development of Italian companies in emerging markets. The chapters refer to a wide range of issues, including made-in effects in relation to ethnocentrism and to corporate social responsibility in small and medium-sized enterprises; the interactions and synergistic effects between product-related made-in images and the images of places as tourism destinations; distribution channel issues; 'made-in topics' in relation to emerging markets; and a review of the relevant literature on country of origin effects. The contributors propose strategies and tools that companies might leverage to develop their international marketing and suggest policies that might strengthen these efforts. This original work will prove to be a valuable resource for students and researchers of international marketing and strategy as well as policy makers.
International Business Marketing in Emerging Country Markets by Hans Jansson Pdf
This book illustrates how multinational corporations (MNCs) solve the business-to-business or industrial marketing problems they encounter in markets in large emerging countries. The author finds that traditional ideas and frameworks used for analyzing, forming and implementing international business marketing strategy in mature markets are in need of adjustment before they are applied to emerging country markets. Accordingly, the author develops the institutional network approach to address the specific challenges afforded by these markets.
International Business Strategy in Emerging Country Markets by Hans Jansson Pdf
The book outlines and develops an integrated and pragmatic socio-economic approach towards undertaking effective MNC strategy in emerging country markets. This, labelled the 'institutional network approach' (INA), applies a new strategic perspective to international business operations and emphasises the continuous interplay between institutions and networks in designing and executing global strategies. The INA integrates the shareholder and stakeholder viewpointinto a comparative holistic perspective of international business strategy based on a broader societal approach.
The Role of Country Concentration in the International Portfolio Investment Positions for the European Union Members by Iuliia Brushko,Ms.Yuko Hashimoto Pdf
This paper examines the international portfolio flows of European Union. Our analysis includes three dimensions: (1) the level of countries portfolio investment concentration (those who invest evenly among counterparties versus those who invest more heavily in some counterparties); (2) the share of total portfolio investment assets invested at the destination; and (3) pre- and during the crisis periods. We find that portfolio investment positions respond differently to macroeconomic variables depending on the level of investment concentration and the share of invested assets. In particular, variables of health of the financial system become important determinants for portfolio investment during the crisis.
The Image of a Country created by International Media by Elena Tarasheva Pdf
When the East set off to join the West in a common Europe, its economic and political oddities became increasingly visible in the rapprochement. So what does the West make of the East? How does ex-communist Europe come across through the lens of the Western media? This book presents research conducted on all material concerning Bulgaria on the BBC website over a period of five years: starting with the early years of EU accession in 2007, up to the hysteria regarding a wave of Bulgarian immigrants to the UK in 2012. Three types of methodologies are applied: namely, content analysis, critical discourse analysis, and corpora techniques. Several coding categories are employed for the content analysis, including what type of stories are published about Bulgaria in comparison with countries of a similar size and standing; which stories were not covered by the BBC; and what areas are of specific interest in the coverage of former communist countries. A new taxonomy is established for thematic threads and continuous coverage, which sets off significant value-laden aspects of news reporting. Critical discourse analysis reveals that Bulgarians are construed via a different set of referential terms – while English people living abroad are called “ex-patriots”, Bulgarians are “immigrants”. In its plentiful criticism of Bulgaria, “Euro Speak” is reproduced where nominalisations such as “we cannot delay their integration” reveal a mental frame of rejection, not integration. The BBC uses EU jargon between inverted commas – the effects of Bulgaria’s integration into the Schengen zone are “grave” – instead of a factual, taxonomic adjective naming the actual consequences. Thus, the language used reveals hidden attitudes. Corpora techniques include establishing words whose frequency in the articles about Bulgaria is higher than in a balanced corpus of English. Such nouns in the five-year corpus include CORRUPTION, POOR and POOREST. Maybe the BBC reporters believed they were covering events as they happened but the results evoke a grim picture, prompting unfavourable attitudes to Bulgarians. That is why the images spawned by news coverage need to be monitored and moderated – for which this book offers an array of methodologies.
International Institutions and Economic Development in Asia by Thanh Tri Vo Pdf
Are international and Asian regional institutions serving the development goals of Asian and Pacific Economies as well they should? The global economy, led by the Asia Pacific region, has undergone immense change and growth. Have the existing institutions and arrangements been able to keep pace with those changes in the global economy? International Institutions and Asian Development tackles these questions and is an essential book for the assessment of regional and international institutions, as well as policy prescriptions for reforming them to ensure they deliver on sustainable, peaceful growth and development in the region. Drawing from papers presented to the 32nd Pacific Trade and Development conference in Hanoi in 2007, the contributions by distinguished authors add to the understanding of the purpose, evolution, relevance and gaps in regional and global institutions and their arrangements. Shiro Armstrong is a Research Fellow at the Crawford School of Economics and Government at the Australian National University. Vo Tri Thanh is Director of the Department for International Economic Integration Studies of the Central Institute of Economic Management in Vietnam
An International Handbook of Tourism Education by David Airey,John Tribe Pdf
As tourism matures as an academic subject and the number of tourism higher education providers continues to expand world-wide, there is an increasing interest in its educational aspects. At the same time the development of research into education issues related to tourism means that there is now a developing literature on the subject. This international handbook offers a timely evaluation of the sate of the art of tourism higher education. The book brings together expert contributors from around the world to present current thinking and practice about what is now a major element of education provision world-wide. It is structured round four key themes: - Curriculum - International perspective - Teaching, learning and assessment - Resources, progression and quality Its global survey of tourism education offers a comprehensive basis for comparative review. In addition to setting out the development and current provision of tourism education it also addresses cutting edge issues such PhD education, non-formal education, cultural issues in learning, research and teaching, e-learning and e-assessment. It offers practical advice for the design, delivery, evaluation and resourcing of courses and concludes with a reflective agenda of issues for the future.