M Modeled Works Archive 1972 2022

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Spatial Socio-econometric Modeling (SSEM)

Author : Manuel S. González Canché
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 532 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2023-07-01
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9783031248573

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Spatial Socio-econometric Modeling (SSEM) by Manuel S. González Canché Pdf

With the primary goal of expanding access to spatial data science tools, this book offers dozens of minimal or low-code functions and tutorials designed to ease the implementation of fully reproducible Spatial Socio-Econometric Modeling (SSEM) analyses. Designed as a University of Pennsylvania Ph.D. level course for sociologists, political scientists, urban planners, criminologists, and data scientists, this textbook equips social scientists with all concepts, explanations, and functions required to strengthen their data storytelling. It specifically provides social scientists with a comprehensive set of open-access minimal code tools to: •Identify and access place-based longitudinal and cross-sectional data sources and formats•Conduct advanced data management, including crosswalks, joining, and matching •Fully connect social network analyses with geospatial statistics•Formulate research questions designed to account for place-based factors in model specification and assess their relevance compared to individual- or unit-level indicators•Estimate distance measures across units that follow road network paths •Create sophisticated and interactive HTML data visualizations cross-sectionally or longitudinally, to strengthen research storytelling capabilities•Follow best practices for presenting spatial analyses, findings, and implications•Master theories on neighborhood effects, equality of opportunity, and geography of (dis)advantage that undergird SSEM applications and methods•Assess multicollinearity issues via machine learning that may affect coefficients' estimates and guide the identification of relevant predictors•Strategize how to address feedback loops by using SSEM as an identification framework that can be merged with standard quasi-experimental techniques like propensity score models, instrumental variables, and difference in differences•Expand the SSEM analyses to connections that emerge via social interactions, such as co-authorship and advice networks, or any form of relational data The applied nature of the book along with the cost-free, multi-operative R software makes the usability and applicability of this textbook worldwide.

Modeling of Road Traffic Events

Author : Jerzy Kisilowski,Jarosław Zalewski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 309 pages
File Size : 52,6 Mb
Release : 2022-01-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783030913984

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Modeling of Road Traffic Events by Jerzy Kisilowski,Jarosław Zalewski Pdf

This books reviews and brings readers up to date with the latest research knowledge on road traffic safety. It describes and discusses mathematical descriptions of the process of a motor vehicle crash and indicates the various factors that impact on collision models. It tackles also vehicle stability and shows how the forces generated in crashes result in different extents of post-accident repair. Mathematical models that simulate vehicle stability data are compared with those of real vehicles. Practical uses of the models are explained to readers. The book will be of interest to researchers in transport and vehicle technology well as automotive industry professionals.

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental History

Author : Emily O'Gorman,William San Martín,Mark Carey,Sandra Swart
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 677 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2023-12-01
Category : History
ISBN : 9781003801955

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The Routledge Handbook of Environmental History by Emily O'Gorman,William San Martín,Mark Carey,Sandra Swart Pdf

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental History presents a cutting-edge overview of the dynamic and ever-expanding field of environmental history. It addresses recent transformations in the field and responses to shifting scholarly, political, and environmental landscapes. The handbook fully and critically engages with recent exciting changes, contextualizes them within longer-term shifts in the field, and charts potential new directions for study. It focuses on five key areas: Theories and concepts related to changing considerations of social justice, including postcolonial, antiracist, and feminist approaches, and the field’s growing emphasis on multiple human voices and agencies. The roles of non-humans and the more-than-human in the telling of environmental histories, from animals and plants to insects as vectors of disease and the influences of water and ice, the changing theoretical approaches and the influence of concepts in related areas such as animal and discard studies. How changes in theories and concepts are shaping methods in environmental history and shifting approaches to traditional sources like archives and oral histories as well as experiments by practitioners with new methods and sources. Responses to a range of current complex problems, such as climate change, and how environmental historians can best help mitigate and resolve these problems. Diverse ways in which environmental historians disseminate their research within and beyond academia, including new modes of research dissemination, teaching, and engagements with stakeholders and the policy arena. This is an important resource for environmental historians, researchers and students in the related fields of political ecology, environmental studies, natural resources management and environmental planning. Chapters 9, 10 and 26 of this book are freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

California Indian Languages

Author : Victor Golla
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Page : 395 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2022-02
Category : Foreign Language Study
ISBN : 9780520389670

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California Indian Languages by Victor Golla Pdf

Nowhere was the linguistic diversity of the New World more extreme than in California, where an extraordinary variety of village-dwelling peoples spoke seventy-eight mutually unintelligible languages. This comprehensive illustrated handbook, a major synthesis of more than 150 years of documentation and study, reviews what we now know about California's indigenous languages. Victor Golla outlines the basic structural features of more than two dozen language types and cites all the major sources, both published and unpublished, for the documentation of these languages—from the earliest vocabularies collected by explorers and missionaries, to the data amassed during the twentieth-century by Alfred Kroeber and his colleagues, to the extraordinary work of John P. Harrington and C. Hart Merriam. Golla also devotes chapters to the role of language in reconstructing prehistory, and to the intertwining of language and culture in pre-contact California societies, making this work, the first of its kind, an essential reference on California’s remarkable Indian languages.

Evidential Statistics, Model Identification, and Science

Author : Mark Louis Taper,Jose Miguel Ponciano,Yukihiko Toquenaga,Hidetoshi Shimodaira
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 238 pages
File Size : 43,8 Mb
Release : 2022-02-15
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782889744060

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Evidential Statistics, Model Identification, and Science by Mark Louis Taper,Jose Miguel Ponciano,Yukihiko Toquenaga,Hidetoshi Shimodaira Pdf

Science in the Forest, Science in the Past

Author : Willard McCarty,Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd,Aparecida Vilaça
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 230 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2022-03-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781000566451

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Science in the Forest, Science in the Past by Willard McCarty,Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd,Aparecida Vilaça Pdf

Science in the Forest, Science in the Past: Further Interdisciplinary Explorations comprises of papers from the second of two workshops involving a group of scholars united in the conviction that the great diversity of knowledge claims and practices for which we have evidence must be taken seriously in their own terms rather than by the yardstick of Western modernity. Bringing to bear social anthropology, history and philosophy of science, computer science, classics and sinology among other fields, they argue that the use of such dismissive labels as ‘magic’, ‘superstition’ and the ‘irrational’ masks rather than solves the problem and reject counsels of despair which assume or argue that radically alien beliefs are strictly unintelligible to outsiders and can be understood only from within the system in question. At the same time, they accept that how to proceed to a better understanding of the data in question poses a formidable challenge. Key problems identified in the inaugural workshop, whose proceedings were published in HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory (2019) and in HAU Books (2020), provided the basis for asking how obvious pitfalls might be avoided and a new or revised framework within which to pursue these problems proposed. The chapters in this book were originally published in Interdisciplinary Science Reviews.

Cognitive Communication Disorders, Fourth Edition

Author : Michael L. Kimbarow,Sarah E. Wallace
Publisher : Plural Publishing
Page : 569 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 2023-10-06
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781635504408

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Cognitive Communication Disorders, Fourth Edition by Michael L. Kimbarow,Sarah E. Wallace Pdf

The fourth edition of Cognitive Communication Disorders is an essential text for graduate speech-language pathology courses on cognitively-based communication disorders. It provides vital information on the cognitive foundations of communication (attention, memory, and executive function). The book provides readers with a comprehensive theoretical and applied review of how deficits in these core cognitive abilities manifest in right hemisphere brain damage, dementia, primary progressive aphasia, concussion, and traumatic brain injury. Case studies illustrate principles of clinical management, and figures and tables facilitate understanding of neurobehavioral correlates, differential diagnoses, and other critical clinical information. New to the Fourth Edition * New co-editor, Sarah E. Wallace * A new chapter on working with underserved populations * Chapters now begin with learning objectives for an educational frame of reference for students before new material is presented * A glossary makes it easy to find definitions of all of the book’s key terminology * Updated and expanded evidence-based information on assessment and treatment of cognitive communication deficits * Updated case studies addressing assessment and treatment of individuals with cognitive communication disorders with attention to underserved clinical populations The international roster of returning and new contributors includes Maya Albin, Margaret Lehman Blake, Jessica A. Brown, Mariana Christodoulou Devledian, Fofi Constantinidou, Petrea L. Cornwell, Heather Dial, Eduardo Europa, Kathryn Y. Hardin, Maya Henry, Ronelle Heweston, Kelly Knollman-Porter, Nidhi Mahendra, Katy H. O’Brien, Mary H. Purdy, Sarah N. Villard, Sarah E. Wallace, and Catherine Wiseman-Hakes. Please note that ancillary content (such as documents, audio, and video, etc.) may not be included as published in the original print version of this book.

Inventions in Sociology

Author : Sal Restivo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 425 pages
File Size : 42,9 Mb
Release : 2022-03-18
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9789811681707

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Inventions in Sociology by Sal Restivo Pdf

This book presents a collection of old and new essays exploring the author’s unique contributions to the sociology of science, mathematics, logic, robotics, brain, and god. Known for his defense of a strong social constructionist approach to the hard problems in the sociology of science, the power and range of Restivo’s interests and studies are discussed in this unique text. The essays range from his introduction of the sociology of objectivity early in his career to his recent construction of a social brain paradigm. The author situates himself in the context of the leading paradigms in science studies and his relationships with leading figures in the field including Latour, Woolgar, Needham, and D.T. Campbell. The book demonstrates a general theoretical focus on the rejection of transcendence. He rejects Platonism in mathematics and socially situates consciousness, genius, and God. The author’s wide ranging interdisciplinary competencies reflect classical and postmodern influences and will be an invaluable reference for researchers working in this field.

Intelligent Systems Design and Applications

Author : Ajith Abraham,Sabri Pllana,Gabriella Casalino,Kun Ma,Anu Bajaj
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 592 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 2023-05-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783031274404

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Intelligent Systems Design and Applications by Ajith Abraham,Sabri Pllana,Gabriella Casalino,Kun Ma,Anu Bajaj Pdf

This book highlights recent research on intelligent systems and nature-inspired computing. It presents 223 selected papers from the 22nd International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA 2022), which was held online. The ISDA is a premier conference in the field of computational intelligence, and the latest installment brought together researchers, engineers, and practitioners whose work involves intelligent systems and their applications in industry. Including contributions by authors from 65 countries, the book offers a valuable reference guide for all researchers, students, and practitioners in the fields of computer science and engineering.

Systems, Cybernetics, Control, and Automation

Author : Spyros G. Tzafestas
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 516 pages
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Release : 2022-09-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781000793901

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Systems, Cybernetics, Control, and Automation by Spyros G. Tzafestas Pdf

Systems, cybernetics, control, and automation (SCCA)are four interrelated and overlapping scientific and technological fields that have contributed substantially to the development, growth, and progress of human society. A large number of models, methods, and tools were developed that assure high efficiency of SCCA applied to practical situations. The real-life applications of SCCA encompass a wide range of man-made or biological systems, including transportations, power generation, chemical industry, robotics, manufacturing, cybernetics organisms (cyborgs), aviation, economic systems, enterprise, systems, medical/health systems, environmental applications, and so on. The SCCA fields exhibit strong influences on society and rise, during their use and application, many ethical concerns and dilemmas. This book provides a consolidated and concise overview of SCCA, in a single volume for the first time, focusing on ontological, epistemological, social impact, ethical, and general philosophical issues. It is appropriate for use in engineering courses as a convenient tutorial source providing fundamental conceptual and educational material on these issues, or for independent reading by students and scientists.Included in the book is:• Background material on philosophy and systems theory• Major ontological, epistemological, societal and ethical/philosophical aspects of the four fields that are considered in the book• Over 400 references and a list of 130 additional books in the relevant fields • Over 100 colored photos and 70 line figures that illustrate the text

Polish Marxism after Luxemburg

Author : Jan Toporowski
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Page : 257 pages
File Size : 42,5 Mb
Release : 2022-12-09
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781801178907

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Polish Marxism after Luxemburg by Jan Toporowski Pdf

In Polish Marxism after Luxemburg, Jan Toporowski and leading experts offer a unique and insightful overview of Polish political economic ideas since the early 20th century, building an introduction to some key themes and figurehead political economists.

Health Psychology

Author : Edward P. Sarafino,Timothy W. Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 578 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2022-01-12
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9781119577805

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Health Psychology by Edward P. Sarafino,Timothy W. Smith Pdf

Explore multiple disciplines to understand the impact of psychology on health, and vice versa In the newly revised 10th edition of Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions, a team of dedicated psychologists delivers an insightful and multidisciplinary demonstration of the impact of psychology and health on one another. Relying heavily on cross-cultural data, the book offers a sweeping and inclusive picture of health psychology and includes local and global research and case studies. The authors have included boxed materials in each chapter that directs the reader’s attention to the right information at the right time. Behavioral, physiological, cognitive, and social/personality viewpoints are addressed throughout the text and a strong focus on lifespan development in health and illness pervades the material. Readers will also find: Psychological perspectives on a wide variety of health issues from various parts of the world Highlights of what works for practicing psychologists and what doesn’t when their work intersects with other fields in health Expansive treatments of topics like the effect of stress on health, the impact of adverse childhood experiences, and the interaction between religiosity and health Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions is an essential resource for undergraduate students in psychology with an interest in health. It’s also invaluable for allied health professionals, addictions counselors, dietitians and nutritionists, and social workers seeking an authoritative resource on the effect of psychology on their daily work.

Excavations on Wether Hill, Ingram, Northumberland, 1994–2015

Author : Peter Topping
Publisher : Oxbow Books
Page : 153 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2023-09-30
Category : History
ISBN : 9781789259704

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Excavations on Wether Hill, Ingram, Northumberland, 1994–2015 by Peter Topping Pdf

The Northumberland Archaeological Group’s (NAG) Wether Hill project spanned the years 1994–2015 and was located on the eponymous hilltop overlooking the mouth of the Breamish Valley in the Northumberland Cheviots. The project had been inspired by the RCHME’s ‘Southeast Cheviots Project’ that had discovered and recorded extensive prehistoric and later landscapes. The NAG project investigated several sites. Over the 11 seasons of excavation, NAG recorded evidence of residual Mesolithic activity (microliths), a burial cairn containing two Beakers in an oak coffin, which was superseded by a stone-built cist containing three Food Vessels, Iron Age cord rig cultivation and clearance cairns, a series of Middle/Late Iron Age timber-built palisaded enclosures, a cross-ridge dyke, which protected the southern approach to the Wether Hill fort, and sampled the multi-period bivallate hillfort. The hillfort sequence on Wether Hill began with a succession of palisaded enclosures, which were later replaced by bivallate earth and stone defenses; both phases appear to have been associated with timber-built houses. Eventually the fort was abandoned, and three stone-built roundhouses were constructed in the fort. The 18 radiocarbon dates obtained from various contexts in the hillfort makes this site one of the better dated forts in the Borders. The chronology of the Wether Hill fort spanned the Middle/Late Iron Age, which corresponded with dates from palisaded enclosures excavated elsewhere on the hilltop spur. Taken together, this evidence provides a snapshot of settlement hierarchies and agricultural practices during the later Iron Age in this part of the Northumberland Cheviots. The excavations also help contextualize some of the RCHME survey evidence, providing data to model chronology, potential prehistoric settlement density and land-use patterns at different time periods in the well-preserved archaeological landscapes of the Cheviots.

Neo-Marxism and Post-Keynesian Economics

Author : Ludo Cuyvers
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 264 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2022-06-09
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781000600421

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Neo-Marxism and Post-Keynesian Economics by Ludo Cuyvers Pdf

Piero Sraffa and Joan Robinson, both iconic Cambridge economists, were highly influenced by the economic theory of Karl Marx, and integrated important elements of Marx’s economic system into their theories. This book argues, based on published and unpublished documents, that the work of Sraffa and Robinson can in fact be considered as essentially post-Keynesian neo-Marxist. The first part of the book reviews the intellectual development of several key thinkers to this neo-Marxist current in economic thought: Kalecki, Steindl, Baran and Sweezy. Part One and Part Two separately examine Robinson and Sraffa’s works and questions how they fit into this specific neo-Marxist current, either building on it (in Robinson’s case), or following another direction (in Sraffa’s case). Part Three observes Robinson’s theory of economic growth and its relationship to the views of Marx and Kalecki. Overall, Cuyvers demonstrates how their thought processes share characteristics with neo-Marxist key ideological ideas, such as stating or implying the labour theory of value as either redundant or wrong, emphasising the role of class struggle in the distribution of income and rejecting Marx’s falling rate of profits. Following on from ideas briefly introduced in Cuyvers’s Economic Ideas of Marx’s Capital (2017), this book will particularly appeal to readers interested in the history of economic thought, the work of Sraffa, Robinson and Marx, post-Keynesian economics and neo-Marxism.

Ring of Stone Circles

Author : Stan Abbott
Publisher : Saraband
Page : 299 pages
File Size : 44,8 Mb
Release : 2022-11-22
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781915089816

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Ring of Stone Circles by Stan Abbott Pdf

An accessible exploration of England's prehistoric past through the clues set in stone by our ancient ancestors. Stan Abbott explores Britain's neolithic remains, including Castlerigg and Long Meg and her Daughters. In Ring of Stone Circles, Stan Abbott sets out to explore one part of England for the visible clues to our mysterious past from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages: stone circles and standing stones, in Cumbria—the Northern English county that boasts more of these monuments than any other. Here, the country’s tallest mountains are ringed by almost fifty circles and henges, most of them sited in the foothills or on outlying plateaux. But why were these built? We may never have a definitive answer to this question, but by observing and comparing sites, a greater understanding emerges. Were some circles built for ritualistic purposes, or perhaps astronomical? Were they burial sites, or simply meeting places? Join Stan Abbott as he searches for the hidden stories these great monuments guard—and might reveal if we get to know them.