Ottoman Cairo

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Ottoman Cairo

Author : Chahinda Karim
Publisher : American University in Cairo Press
Page : 257 pages
File Size : 48,6 Mb
Release : 2021-09-14
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781649031938

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Ottoman Cairo by Chahinda Karim Pdf

A unique, richly illustrated study of Ottoman religious buildings standing today in Cairo With the conquest in 1517 CE of Egypt by the Ottomans, Cairo lost its position as the capital of the Islamic empire to Istanbul but it retained an eminent position as the second most important city, with Egypt still regarded as one of the wealthiest provinces of the new empire. Round minarets with pointed hoods, as symbols of the new rulers, began filling the landscape alongside the octagonal minarets with pavilion tops of the Mamluks, new mosques, zawiyas, and madrasas/takiyas were built to emphasize the continuation of Sunni Islamic rule, while the use of tiles imported from Turkey introduced new decorative styles to the city’s existing rich carvings and marble paneling. This book invites readers and students to revisit a long-overlooked era of Cairo’s architectural evolution, offering a unique, comprehensive study of Ottoman religious buildings still standing today. It provides detailed descriptions and walk-throughs of the buildings covered, visually, through its rich collection of plans, line drawings, and photographs, and through the narrative that infuses each image with life, shedding light on the continuous evolution of architecture in Cairo even after the city had ceased to be the capital of the Islamic empire.

Islamic Law and Empire in Ottoman Cairo

Author : James E. Baldwin
Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
Page : 248 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 2016-12-05
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781474403108

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Islamic Law and Empire in Ottoman Cairo by James E. Baldwin Pdf

A study of Islamic law and political power in the Ottoman Empires richest provincial cityWhat did Islamic law mean in the early modern period, a world of great Muslim empires? Often portrayed as the quintessential jurists law, to a large extent it was developed by scholars outside the purview of the state. However, for the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire, justice was the ultimate duty of the monarch, and Islamic law was a tool of legitimation and governance. James E. Baldwin examines how the interplay of these two conceptions of Islamic law religious scholarship and royal justice undergirded legal practice in Cairo, the largest and richest city in the Ottoman provinces. Through detailed studies of the various formal and informal dispute resolution institutions and practices that formed the fabric of law in Ottoman Cairo, his book contributes to key questions concerning the relationship between the shariaa and political power, the plurality of Islamic legal practice, and the nature of centre-periphery relations in the Ottoman Empire.Key featuresOffers a new interpretation of the relationship between Islamic law and political powerPresents law as the key nexus connecting Egypt with the imperial capital Istanbul during the period of Ottoman decentralizationStudies judicial institutions such as the governors Diwan and the imperial council that have received little attention in previous scholarshipIntegrates the study of legal records with an analysis of how legal practice was represented in contemporary chroniclesProvides transcriptions and translations of a range of Ottoman legal documents

The Ottoman Ibadis of Cairo

Author : Paul M. Love, Jr
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 251 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 2023-09-30
Category : History
ISBN : 9781009254281

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The Ottoman Ibadis of Cairo by Paul M. Love, Jr Pdf

Ibadi Muslims, a minority religious community, historically inhabited pockets throughout North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the East African coast. Yet less is known about the community of Ibadi Muslims that relocated to Egypt. Focusing on the history of an Ibadi-run trade depot, school and library that operated in Cairo for over three hundred years, this book shows how the Ibadi Muslims operated in and adapted to the legal, religious, commercial, and political realms of the Ottoman Empire from the seventeenth to early twentieth centuries. Using a unique range of sources, including manuscript notes, family histories and archival correspondence, Paul M. Love, Jr. presents an original history of this Muslim majority told from the bottom up. Whilst illuminating the events that shaped the history of Egypt during these centuries, he also brings to life the lived reality of a Muslim minority community in the Ottoman world.

Egyptian Society Under Ottoman Rule, 1517-1798

Author : Michael Winter
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 336 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2003-09-02
Category : History
ISBN : 9781134975143

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Egyptian Society Under Ottoman Rule, 1517-1798 by Michael Winter Pdf

Michael Winter's book presents a panoramic view of Ottoman Egypt from the overthrow of the Mamluk Sultanate in 1517 to Bonaparte's invasion of 1798 and the beginning of Egypt's modern period. Drawing on archive material, chronicle and travel accounts from Turkish, Arabic, Hebrew and European sources as well as up-to-date research, this comprehensive social history looks at the dynamics of the Egyptian-Ottoman relationship and the ethnic and cultural clashes which characterised the period. The conflicts between Ottoman pashas and their Egyptian subjects and between Bedouin Arabs and the more sedentary population are presented, as is the role of women in this period and the importance of the doctrinal clash of Islam both orthodox and popular, Christianity and Judaism. Winter's broad survey of a complex and dynamic society draws out the central theme of the emergence, from a period of ethnic and religious tension, of an Egyptian consciousness fundamental to Egypt's later development.

Historic Cities of the Islamic World

Author : Clifford Edmund Bosworth
Publisher : BRILL
Page : 631 pages
File Size : 42,7 Mb
Release : 2007-01-01
Category : History
ISBN : 9789004153882

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Historic Cities of the Islamic World by Clifford Edmund Bosworth Pdf

This book contains articles on historic cities of the Islamic world, ranging from West Africa to Malaysia, which over the centuries have been centres of culture and learning and of economic and commercial life, and which have contributed much to the consolidation of Islam as a faith and as a social and political institution. The articles have been taken from the second edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam, completed in 2004, but in many cases expanded and rewritten. All have been updated to include fresh historical information, with note of contemporary social developments and population statistics. The book thus delineates the urban background of Islam has it has evolved up to the present day, highlighting the role of such great cities as Cairo, Istanbul, Baghdad and Delhi in Islamic history, and also brings them together in a rich panorama illustrating one of mankind's greatest achievements, the living organism of the city.

Routledge Handbook on Cairo

Author : Nezar AlSayyad
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 557 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2022-12-30
Category : History
ISBN : 9781000787894

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Routledge Handbook on Cairo by Nezar AlSayyad Pdf

This Handbook simultaneously provides a single text that narrates the Cairo of yesterday and of today, and gives the reader a major reference to the best of Cairo scholarship. Divided into three parts covering Histories, Representations and Discourses of Cairo, the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of Cairo from both a disciplinary and an interdisciplinary point of view, with scholars from a great range of disciplines. Part One contains chapters on the history of specific parts of the city to provide both a concise picture of Cairo and an appreciation for the diversity of its constituent parts and periods. Part Two of the book deals with the various forms of representations of the city, from high-end literature to popular songs, and from photographs to films. Finally, Part Three covers current discourses about the city, comprising historical reflections on the city from the present, surveys of its current condition, analysis of it serious urban problems and visions for its future. The Routledge Handbook on Cairo provides a unique and innovative look at the ever-evolving state of Cairo. It will be a vital reference source for scholars and students of Middle Eastern Studies, Middle East History, Cultural Studies, Urban Studies, Architecture and Politics.

Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt

Author : Alan Mikhail
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 381 pages
File Size : 50,9 Mb
Release : 2011-04-11
Category : History
ISBN : 9781139499552

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Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt by Alan Mikhail Pdf

In one of the first ever environmental histories of the Ottoman Empire, Alan Mikhail examines relations between the empire and its most lucrative province of Egypt. Based on both the local records of various towns and villages in rural Egypt and the imperial orders of the Ottoman state, this book charts how changes in the control of natural resources fundamentally altered the nature of Ottoman imperial sovereignty in Egypt and throughout the empire. In revealing how Egyptian peasants were able to use their knowledge and experience of local environments to force the hand of the imperial state, Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt tells a story of the connections of empire stretching from canals in the Egyptian countryside to the palace in Istanbul, from the forests of Anatolia to the shores of the Red Sea, and from a plague flea's bite to the fortunes of one of the most powerful states of the early modern world.

Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule

Author : Doris Behrens-Abouseif
Publisher : BRILL
Page : 367 pages
File Size : 42,6 Mb
Release : 2021-12-06
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9789004493117

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Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule by Doris Behrens-Abouseif Pdf

Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule deals with the impact of the Ottoman conquest of Egypt on its political, religious and social institutions, their transition from the Mamluk to the Ottoman regime and further development up to the 17th century. The relationship between the Ottoman ruling establishment, the local religious groups and the military aristocracy is discussed in the first part of the volume. Waqf documents are a major source for this study which, in the second part, analyzes and compares the endowments of the Ottoman governors and those of the military aristocracy and their respective impact on the urban development and architecture of Cairo in this period. The architecture is documented with 70 photographs and figures. By integrating architecture and urbanism in the historical analysis of the period under study, this book is important for historians and art historians of Egypt.

The Mamluk-Ottoman Transition

Author : Stephan Conermann,Gül Şen
Publisher : V&R Unipress
Page : 379 pages
File Size : 44,7 Mb
Release : 2016-11-07
Category : History
ISBN : 9783847006374

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The Mamluk-Ottoman Transition by Stephan Conermann,Gül Şen Pdf

The essays discuss continuity and change in Bilād al Shām (Greater Syria) during the sixteenth century, examining to what extent Egypt and Greater Syria were affected by the transition from Mamluk to Ottoman rule. This is explored in a variety of areas: diplomatic relations, histories and historiography, fiscal and agricultural administration, symbolic orders, urban developments, local perspectives and material culture. In order to rethink the sixteenth century from a transitional perspective and thus overcome the conventional dynasty-centered fields of research Mamlukists and Ottomanists have been brought together, shedding light on the remarkable sixteenth century, so decisive for the formation of early modern Muslim empires.

Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: Volume I

Author : Colin Imber,Rhoads Murphey,Keiko Kiyotaki
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Page : 302 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2004-11-26
Category : History
ISBN : 9780857712813

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Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: Volume I by Colin Imber,Rhoads Murphey,Keiko Kiyotaki Pdf

Frontiers of Ottoman Studies provides a comprehensive overview of the surge in research into Ottoman history and culture over the past two decades. The first volume reflects the growing interest in the provinces, communities and cultures outside the imperial capital of Istanbul and covers four major areas: politics and Islam; economy and taxation; development of Ottoman towns and Arab and Jewish communities. Chapters on Ottoman legal and fiscal institutions provide a fascinating insight into the Ottoman government's interaction with the Empire's subjects, while reviews of Egypt and the Arab provinces emphasise the stirrings of Arab nationalism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries that ultimately contributed to the demise of the Empire.

The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule

Author : Jane Hathaway
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 229 pages
File Size : 54,7 Mb
Release : 2019-12-06
Category : History
ISBN : 9781000034257

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The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule by Jane Hathaway Pdf

The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule assesses the effects of Ottoman rule on the Arab Lands of Egypt, Greater Syria, Iraq, and Yemen between 1516 and 1800. Drawing attention to the important history of these regions, the book challenges outmoded perceptions of this period as a demoralizing prelude to the rise of Arab nationalism and Arab nation-states in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. As well as exploring political events and developments, it delves into the extensive social, cultural, and economic changes that helped to shape the foundations of today's modern Middle and Near East. In doing so, it provides a detailed view of society, incorporating all socio-economic classes, as well as women, religious minorities, and slaves. This second edition has been significantly revised and updated and reflects the developments in research and scholarship since the publication of the first edition. Engaging with a wide range of primary sources and enhanced by a variety of maps and images to illustrate the text, The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule is a unique and essential resource for students of early modern Ottoman history and the early modern Middle East.

Ottoman Women Builders

Author : Lucienne Thys-Senocak
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 346 pages
File Size : 41,6 Mb
Release : 2017-03-02
Category : History
ISBN : 9781351913157

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Ottoman Women Builders by Lucienne Thys-Senocak Pdf

Examined here is the historical figure and architectural patronage of Hadice Turhan Sultan, the young mother of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed IV, who for most of the latter half of the seventeenth century shaped the political and cultural agenda of the Ottoman court. Captured in Russia at the age of twelve, she first served the reigning sultan's mother in Istanbul. She gradually rose through the ranks of the Ottoman harem, bore a male child to Sultan Ibrahim, and came to power as a valide sultan, or queen mother, in 1648. It was through her generous patronage of architectural works-including a large mosque, a tomb, a market complex in the city of Istanbul and two fortresses at the entrance to the Dardanelles-that she legitimated her new political authority as a valide and then attempted to support that of her son. Central to this narrative is the question of how architecture was used by an imperial woman of the Ottoman court who, because of customary and religious restrictions, was unable to present her physical self before her subjects' gaze. In lieu of displaying an iconic image of herself, as Queen Elizabeth and Catherine de Medici were able to do, Turhan Sultan expressed her political authority and religious piety through the works of architecture she commissioned. Traditionally historians have portrayed the role of seventeenth-century royal Ottoman women in the politics of the empire as negative and de-stabilizing. But Thys-Senocak, through her examination of these architectural works as concrete expressions of legitimate power and piety, shows the traditional framework to be both sexist and based on an outdated paradigm of decline. Thys-Senocak's research on Hadice Turhan Sultan's two Ottoman fortresses of Seddülbahir and Kumkale improves in a significant way our understanding of early modern fortifications in the eastern Mediterranean region and will spark further research on many of the Ottoman fortifications built in the area. Plans and elevations of the fortresses are published and analysed here for the first time. Based on archival research, including letters written by the queen mother, many of which are published here for the first time, and archaeological fieldwork, her work is also informed by recent theoretical debates in the fields of art history, cultural history and gender studies.

The Ottoman World

Author : Christine Woodhead
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 776 pages
File Size : 46,5 Mb
Release : 2011-12-15
Category : History
ISBN : 9781136498947

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The Ottoman World by Christine Woodhead Pdf

The Ottoman empire as a political entity comprised most of the present Middle East (with the principal exception of Iran), north Africa and south-eastern Europe. For over 500 years, until its disintegration during World War I, it encompassed a diverse range of ethnic, religious and linguistic communities with varying political and cultural backgrounds. Yet, was there such a thing as an ‘Ottoman world’ beyond the principle of sultanic rule from Istanbul? Ottoman authority might have been established largely by military conquest, but how was it maintained for so long, over such distances and so many disparate societies? How did provincial regions relate to the imperial centre and what role was played in this by local elites? What did it mean in practice, for ordinary people, to be part of an ‘Ottoman world’? Arranged in five thematic sections, with contributions from thirty specialist historians, The Ottoman World addresses these questions, examining aspects of the social and socio-ideological composition of this major pre-modern empire, and offers a combination of broad synthesis and detailed investigation that is both informative and intended to raise points for future debate. The Ottoman World provides a unique coverage of the Ottoman empire, widening its scope beyond Istanbul to the edges of the empire, and offers key coverage for students and scholars alike.

The Ottoman House

Author : S. Ireland
Publisher : British Institute at Ankara
Page : 200 pages
File Size : 43,9 Mb
Release : 1998-12-01
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781912090617

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The Ottoman House by S. Ireland Pdf

Seemingly contradictory ideas of privacy and community dominate Ottoman cities. While houses are internally divided to guard female modesty behind a frontage studded with peep-holes, streets in cities like Amasya are often bridged by first-floor passageways between different houses. This book contains 17 papers by architects and archaeologists looking at how the Ottoman house was structured, how it has varied over time and space, and how surviving examples are faring in a world of breeze-block construction. Although the examples discussed are all Near Eastern, and mostly from Turkey, the revelations this book contains about structuring principles will make it a valuable companion to understanding architectural relics from all over the Ottoman Empire.

The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt

Author : Jane Hathaway
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 222 pages
File Size : 40,6 Mb
Release : 2002-04-04
Category : History
ISBN : 0521892945

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The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt by Jane Hathaway Pdf

In a lucidly argued revisionist study of Ottoman Egypt, first published in 1996, Jane Hathaway challenges the traditional view that Egypt's military elite constituted a revival of the institutions of the Mamluk sultanate. The author contends that the framework within which this elite operated was the household, a conglomerate of patron-client ties that took various forms. In this respect, she argues, Egypt's elite represented a provincial variation on an empire-wide, household-based political culture. The study focuses on the Qazdagli household. Originally, a largely Anatolian contingent within Egypt's Janissary regiment, the Qazdaglis dominated Egypt by the late eighteenth century. Using Turkish and Arabic archival sources, Jane Hathaway sheds light on the manner in which the Qazdaglis exploited the Janissary rank hierarchy, while forming strategic alliances through marriage, commercial partnerships and the patronage of palace eunuchs.