Probing Out Of Equilibrium Soft Matter

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Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 125 pages
File Size : 48,6 Mb
Release : 2023-04-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782832520352

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Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter by Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti Pdf

Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839162299

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone Pdf

This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments.

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 47,6 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360623

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta Pdf

This volume contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. It deals with topics such as evaporation, structual rheology, and active matter.

Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839169472

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone Pdf

The term active fluids refers to motions that are created by transforming energy from the surroundings into directed motion. There are many examples, both natural and synthetic, including individual swimming bacteria or motile cells, drops and bubbles that move owing to surface stresses (so-called Marangoni motions), and chemical- or optical-driven colloids. Investigations into active fluids provide new insights into non-equilibrium systems, have the potential for novel applications, and open new directions in physics, chemistry, biology and engineering. This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments. It explains the interplay of chemical processes and hydrodynamics, including the roles of mechanical and rheological properties across active fluids, with reference to experiments, theory, and simulations. These concepts are discussed for a variety of scenarios, such as the trajectories of microswimmers, cell crawling and fluid stirring, and apply to collective behaviours of dense suspensions and active gels. Emerging avenues of research are highlighted, ranging from the role of active processes for biological functions to programmable active materials, showcasing the exciting potential of this rapidly-evolving research field.

Soft and Fragile Matter

Author : Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 956 pages
File Size : 45,7 Mb
Release : 2000-01-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 1420033514

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Soft and Fragile Matter by Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans Pdf

Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders. Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Springer
Page : 302 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2015-08-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319219486

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book deals with those properties of non-equilibrium soft matter that deviate greatly from the bulk properties as a result of nanoscale confinement.The ultimate physical origin of these confinement effects is not yet fully understood. At the state of the art, the discussion on confinement effects focuses on equilibrium properties, finite size effects and interfacial interactions. However this is a limited vision which does not fully capture the peculiar behaviour of soft matter under confinement and some exotic phenomena that are displayed. This volume will be organized in the following three main themes. Equilibration and physical aging: treating non-equilibrium via the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, we analyse physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer. We then focus on the impact of nanoconfinement on the equilibration of glasses of soft matter (a process of tremendous technological interest, commonly known as physical aging), comparing the latest trends of polymers in experiments, simulations with those of low-molecular weight glass formers. Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. Recent experimental evidence show a strong correlation between the behaviour of polymers under confinement and the presence of a layer irreversibly adsorbed onto the substrate. This correlation hints at the possibility to tailor the properties of ultrathin films by controlling the adsorption kinetics. The book reports physical aspects of irreversible chain adsorption, such as the dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. Glass transition and material properties: this section of the book focuses on the spread of absolute values in materials properties of confined systems, when measured by different experimental and computation techniques and a new method to quantify the effects of confinement in thin films and nanocomposites independently on the investigation procedure will be presented.

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 40,8 Mb
Release : 2012-02-03
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814458436

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta Pdf

Soft matter is a concept which covers polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphiphilic molecules, glasses, granular and biological materials. One of the fundamental characteristic features of soft matter is that it exhibits various mesoscopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedom of each molecule. Due to such intermediate structures, soft matter can easily be brought into non-equilibrium states and cause non-linear responses by imposing external fields such as an electric field, a mechanical stress or a shear flow. Volume 4 of the series in Soft Condensed Matter focuses on the non-linear and non-equilibrium properties of soft matter. It contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. The topics dealt with in this volume includes rheology of polymers and liquid crystals, dynamical properties of Langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface, hydrodynamics of membranes and twisted filaments as well as dynamics of deformable self-propelled particles and migration of biological cells. This book serves both as an introduction to students as well as a useful reference to researchers.

Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials

Author : Edoardo Baldini
Publisher : Springer
Page : 316 pages
File Size : 44,9 Mb
Release : 2018-03-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783319774985

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Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials by Edoardo Baldini Pdf

This book studies the dynamics of fundamental collective excitations in quantum materials, focusing on the use of state-of-the-art ultrafast broadband optical spectroscopy. Collective behaviour in solids lies at the origin of several cooperative phenomena that can lead to profound transformations, instabilities and phase transitions. Revealing the dynamics of collective excitations is a topic of pivotal importance in contemporary condensed matter physics, as it provides information on the strength and spatial distribution of interactions and correlation. The experimental framework explored in this book relies on setting a material out-of-equilibrium by an ultrashort laser pulse and monitoring the photo-induced changes in its optical properties over a broad spectral region in the visible or deep-ultraviolet. Collective excitations (e.g. plasmons, excitons, phonons...) emerge either in the frequency domain as spectral features across the probed range, or in the time domain as coherent modes triggered by the pump pulse. Mapping the temporal evolution of these collective excitations provides access to the hierarchy of low-energy phenomena occurring in the solid during its path towards thermodynamic equilibrium. This methodology is used to investigate a number of strongly interacting and correlated materials with an increasing degree of internal complexity beyond conventional band theory.

Soft Matter Self-Assembly

Author : C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli
Publisher : IOS Press
Page : 494 pages
File Size : 49,9 Mb
Release : 2016-07-14
Category : SCIENCE
ISBN : 9781614996620

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Soft Matter Self-Assembly by C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli Pdf

Self-assembly is one of the key concepts in contemporary soft condensed matter. It is an umbrella term which encompasses the various modes of spontaneous organization of micrometer-and submicrometer-sized particles into ordered structures of various degrees of complexity, yet it often relies on remarkably simple interactions and mechanisms. Self-assembly is one of the key principles used by nature to construct living matter, where it frequently takes place in a hierarchical fashion. This book contains the lectures from the Enrico Fermi summer school: Soft Matter Self-assembly, held in Varenna, Italy, in June and July 2015. The primary aim of the school was to cover the most exciting modern aspects of self-assembly in soft condensed matter physics, and to enable Ph.D. students and postdocs to engage with some of the most exciting and current topics in the physics of colloids through a series of mini-courses and seminars hosted by leading figures in the field. Subjects covered include: colloids with directional bonding; pathways of self-organization; self-assembly hydrodynamics; polymer structure and dynamics; liquid-crystal colloid dispersions; and self-organizing nanosystems. The proceedings also include two reprints from Reviews of Modern Physics, and will be of interest to both students and experts in the field.

Scanning Probe Microscopy of Soft Matter

Author : Vladimir V. Tsukruk,Srikanth Singamaneni
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 663 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2012-01-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783527639960

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Scanning Probe Microscopy of Soft Matter by Vladimir V. Tsukruk,Srikanth Singamaneni Pdf

Well-structured and adopting a pedagogical approach, this self-contained monograph covers the fundamentals of scanning probe microscopy, showing how to use the techniques for investigating physical and chemical properties on the nanoscale and how they can be used for a wide range of soft materials. It concludes with a section on the latest techniques in nanomanipulation and patterning. This first book to focus on the applications is a must-have for both newcomers and established researchers using scanning probe microscopy in soft matter research. From the contents: * Atomic Force Microscopy and Other Advanced Imaging Modes * Probing of Mechanical, Thermal Chemical and Electrical Properties * Amorphous, Poorly Ordered and Organized Polymeric Materials * Langmuir-Blodgett and Layer-by-Layer Structures * Multi-Component Polymer Systems and Fibers * Colloids and Microcapsules * Biomaterials and Biological Structures * Nanolithography with Intrusive AFM Tipand Dip-Pen Nanolithography * Microcantilever-Based Sensors

Soft Matter And Biomaterials On The Nanoscale: The Wspc Reference On Functional Nanomaterials - Part I (In 4 Volumes)

Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 1885 pages
File Size : 50,9 Mb
Release : 2020-06-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789811218071

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Soft Matter And Biomaterials On The Nanoscale: The Wspc Reference On Functional Nanomaterials - Part I (In 4 Volumes) by Anonim Pdf

This book is indexed in Chemical Abstracts ServiceSoft and bio-nanomaterials offer a tremendously rich behavior due to the diversity and tailorability of their structures. Built from polymers, nanoparticles, small and large molecules, peptoids and other nanoscale building blocks, such materials exhibit exciting functions, either intrinsically or through the engineering of their organization and combination of blocks. Thus, it is not surprising that a variety of challenges, for example, in energy storage, environment protection, advanced manufacturing, purification and healthcare, can be addressed using these materials. The recent advances in understanding the behavior of soft matter and biomaterials are being actively translated into functional materials systems and devices, which take advantages of newly discovered and specifically created morphologies with desired properties. This major reference work presents a detailed overview of recent research developments on fundamental and application-inspired aspects of soft and bio-nanomaterials and their emerging functions, and will be divided into four volumes: Vol 1: Soft Matter under Geometrical Confinement: From Fundamentals at Planar Surfaces and Interfaces to Functionalities of Nanoporous Materials; Vol 2: Polymers on the Nanoscale: Nano-structured Polymers and Their Applications; Vol 3: Bio-Inspired Nanomaterials: Nanomaterials Built from Biomolecules and Using Bio-derived Principles; Vol 4: Nanomedicine: Nanoscale Materials in Nano/Bio Medicine.

Soft Matter

Author : Wim van Saarloos,Vincenzo Vitelli,Zorana Zeravcic
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 622 pages
File Size : 55,7 Mb
Release : 2024-03-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780691191300

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Soft Matter by Wim van Saarloos,Vincenzo Vitelli,Zorana Zeravcic Pdf

"Soft matter science is an interdisciplinary field at the interface of physics, biology, chemistry, engineering, and materials science. It encompasses colloids, polymers, and liquid crystals as well as rapidly emerging topics such as metamaterials, memory formation and learning in matter, bioactive systems, and artificial life. This textbook introduces key phenomena and concepts in soft matter from a modern perspective, marrying established knowledge with the latest developments and applications. The presentation integrates statistical mechanics, dynamical systems, and hydrodynamic approaches, emphasizing conservation laws and broken symmetries as guiding principles while paying attention to computational and machine learning advances. The book features introductory chapters on fluid mechanics, elasticity, and stochastic phenomena and also covers advanced topics such as pattern formation and active matter. it discusses technological applications as well as relevant phenomena in the life sciences and offers perspectives on emerging research directions"--

Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials

Author : Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Antonio Manuel Puertas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 432 pages
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Release : 2016-04-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781119220534

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Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials by Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Antonio Manuel Puertas Pdf

This book presents a compilation of self-contained chapters covering a wide range of topics within the broad field of soft condensed matter. Each chapter starts with basic definitions to bring the reader up-to-date on the topic at hand, describing how to use fluid flows to generate soft materials of high value either for applications or for basic research. Coverage includes topics related to colloidal suspensions and soft materials and how they differ in behavior, along with a roadmap for researchers on how to use soft materials to study relevant physics questions related to geometrical frustration.

Topological Soft Matter

Author : Francesca Serra,Uroš Tkalec,Teresa Lopez-Leon
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 118 pages
File Size : 48,6 Mb
Release : 2020-12-02
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782889661459

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Topological Soft Matter by Francesca Serra,Uroš Tkalec,Teresa Lopez-Leon Pdf

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Author : Andrew T. Boothroyd
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 509 pages
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Release : 2020-07-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780192607058

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Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter by Andrew T. Boothroyd Pdf

Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful technique available for looking inside materials and seeing what the atoms are doing. This textbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the many different ways neutrons are being used to investigate the behaviour of atoms and molecules in bulk matter. It is written in a pedagogical style, and includes many examples and exercises. Every year, thousands of experiments are performed at neutron scattering facilities around the world, exploring phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science, as well as in interdisciplinary areas such as biology, materials engineering, and cultural heritage. This book fulfils a need for a modern and pedagogical treatment of the principles behind the various different neutron techniques, in order to provide scientists with the essential formal tools to design their experiments and interpret the results. The book will be of particular interest to researchers using neutrons to study the atomic-scale structure and dynamics in crystalline solids, simple liquids and molecular fluids by diffraction techniques, including small-angle scattering and reflectometry, and by spectroscopic methods, ranging from conventional techniques for inelastic and quasielastic scattering to neutron spin-echo and Compton scattering. A comprehensive treatment of magnetic neutron scattering is given, including the many and diverse applications of polarized neutrons.