Soft And Fragile Matter

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Soft and Fragile Matter

Author : Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 956 pages
File Size : 44,8 Mb
Release : 2000-01-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 1420033514

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Soft and Fragile Matter by Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans Pdf

Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders. Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Soft and Fragile Matter

Author : Michael E. Cates,Martin R. Evans
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 44,8 Mb
Release : 2000
Category : Soft condensed matter
ISBN : 0367806355

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Soft and Fragile Matter by Michael E. Cates,Martin R. Evans Pdf

Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details.Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders.Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Fragile Objects

Author : Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Jacques Badoz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 197 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781461224105

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Fragile Objects by Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Jacques Badoz Pdf

Written by 1991 Nobel laureate Pierre Gilles de Gennes, this fascinating book addresses topics ranging from soft-matter physics to the activities of science: the role of individual or team work, the relation of discovery to correction, and the interplay of conscience and knowledge. "Reading this book can be compared to strolling through a magnificent garden of fragile objects...I highly recommend it to any reader who is interested in condensed matter physics and science at large."-PHYSICS TODAY

Soft Matter Physics

Author : Mohamed Daoud,Claudine E. Williams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 335 pages
File Size : 42,9 Mb
Release : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783662038451

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Soft Matter Physics by Mohamed Daoud,Claudine E. Williams Pdf

In a liquid crystal watch, the molecules contained within a thin film of the screen are reorientated each second by extremely weak electrical signals. Here is a fine example of soft matter: molecular systems giving a strong response to a very weak command signal. They can be found almost everywhere. Soft magnetic materials used in transformers exhibit a strong magnetic moment under the action of a weak magnetic field. Take a completely different domain: gelatin, formed from col lagen fibres dissolved in hot water. When we cool below 37°C, gelation occurs, the chains joining up at various points to form a loose and highly deformable network. This is a natural example of soft matter. Going further, rather than consider a whole network, we could take a single chain of flexible polymer, such as polyoxyethylene [POE = (CH CH O)N, 2 2 5 where N rv 10 ], for example, in water. Such a chain is fragile and may break under flow. Even though hydrodynamic forces are very weak on the molecular scale, their cumulated effect may be significant. Think of a rope pulled from both ends by two groups of children. Even if each girl and boy cannot pull very hard, the rope can be broken when there are enough children pulling.

Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Piazza
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 289 pages
File Size : 50,6 Mb
Release : 2011-03-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789400705852

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Soft Matter by Roberto Piazza Pdf

Roberto Piazza says: “Physics should be made simple enough to be amusing, but not so trivial as to spoil the fun.” This is exactly the approach of this book in making the science of ‘soft matter’ relevant to everyday life things such as the food we eat, the plastic we use, the concrete we build with, the cells we are made of.

Sensitive Matter

Author : Michel Mitov
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Page : 143 pages
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Release : 2012-04-10
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780674069244

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Sensitive Matter by Michel Mitov Pdf

Life would not exist without sensitive, or soft, matter. All biological structures depend on it, including red blood globules, lung fluid, and membranes. So do industrial emulsions, gels, plastics, liquid crystals, and granular materials. What makes sensitive matter so fascinating is its inherent versatility. Shape-shifting at the slightest provocation, whether a change in composition or environment, it leads a fugitive existence. Physicist Michel Mitov brings drama to molecular gastronomy (as when two irreconcilable materials are mixed to achieve the miracle of mayonnaise) and offers answers to everyday questions, such as how does paint dry on canvas, why does shampoo foam better when you “repeat,” and what allows for the controlled release of drugs? Along the way we meet a futurist cook, a scientist with a runaway imagination, and a penniless inventor named Goodyear who added sulfur to latex, quite possibly by accident, and created durable rubber. As Mitov demonstrates, even religious ritual is a lesson in the surprising science of sensitive matter. Thrice yearly, the reliquary of St. Januarius is carried down cobblestone streets from the Cathedral to the Church of St. Clare in Naples. If all goes as hoped—and since 1389 it often has—the dried blood contained in the reliquary’s largest vial liquefies on reaching its destination, and Neapolitans are given a reaffirming symbol of renewal.

Introduction to Soft Matter

Author : Ian W. Hamley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 304 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2013-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781118681428

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Introduction to Soft Matter by Ian W. Hamley Pdf

This book provides an introduction to this exciting and relativelynew subject with chapters covering natural and synthetic polymers,colloids, surfactants and liquid crystals highlighting the many andvaried applications of these materials. Written by an expert in thefield, this book will be an essential reference for people workingin both industry and academia and will aid in understanding of thisincreasingly popular topic. Contains a new chapter on biological soft matter Newly edited and updated chapters including updated coverageof recent aspects of polymer science. Contain problems at the end of each chapter to facilitateunderstanding

Life - As a Matter of Fat

Author : Ole G. Mouritsen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 273 pages
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Release : 2005-10-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783540270768

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Life - As a Matter of Fat by Ole G. Mouritsen Pdf

Presents a multi-disciplinary perspective on the physics of life and the particular role played by lipids and the lipid-bilayer component of cell membranes. Emphasizes the physical properties of lipid membranes seen as soft and molecularly structured interfaces. By combining and synthesizing insights obtained from a variety of recent studies, an attempt is made to clarify what membrane structure is and how it can be quantitatively described. Shows how biological function mediated by membranes is controlled by lipid membrane structure and organization on length scales ranging from the size of the individual molecule, across molecular assemblies of proteins and lipid domains in the range of nanometers, to the size of whole cells. Applications of lipids in nano-technology and biomedicine are also described.

High Solid Dispersions

Author : Michel Cloitre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 260 pages
File Size : 46,7 Mb
Release : 2010-10-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783642163814

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High Solid Dispersions by Michel Cloitre Pdf

From Polymers to Colloids: Engineering the Dynamic Properties of Hairy Particles, by D. Vlassopoulos and G. Fytas * Nonlinear Rheological Properties of Dense Colloidal Dispersions Close to a Glass Transition Under Steady Shear, by M. Fuchs * Micromechanics of Soft Particle Glasses, by R. T. Bonnecaze and M. Cloitre * Quantitative Imaging of Concentrated Suspensions Under Flow, by L. Isa, R. Besseling, A. B. Schofield and W. C. K. Poon * Soft and Wet Materials: From Hydrogels to Biotissues, by J. P. Gong and Y. Osada

Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Author : Giovanni Ciccotti,Mauro Ferrario,Christof Schuette
Publisher : MDPI
Page : 627 pages
File Size : 53,8 Mb
Release : 2018-10-08
Category : Electronic book
ISBN : 9783906980652

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Molecular Dynamics Simulation by Giovanni Ciccotti,Mauro Ferrario,Christof Schuette Pdf

Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Entropy

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 53,8 Mb
Release : 2012-02-03
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814458436

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta Pdf

Soft matter is a concept which covers polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphiphilic molecules, glasses, granular and biological materials. One of the fundamental characteristic features of soft matter is that it exhibits various mesoscopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedom of each molecule. Due to such intermediate structures, soft matter can easily be brought into non-equilibrium states and cause non-linear responses by imposing external fields such as an electric field, a mechanical stress or a shear flow. Volume 4 of the series in Soft Condensed Matter focuses on the non-linear and non-equilibrium properties of soft matter. It contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. The topics dealt with in this volume includes rheology of polymers and liquid crystals, dynamical properties of Langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface, hydrodynamics of membranes and twisted filaments as well as dynamics of deformable self-propelled particles and migration of biological cells. This book serves both as an introduction to students as well as a useful reference to researchers.

Polymer Glasses

Author : Connie B. Roth
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 752 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 2016-12-12
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781315305134

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Polymer Glasses by Connie B. Roth Pdf

"the present book will be of great value for both newcomers to the field and mature active researchers by serving as a coherent and timely introduction to some of the modern approaches, ideas, results, emerging understanding, and many open questions in this fascinating field of polymer glasses, supercooled liquids, and thin films" –Kenneth S. Schweizer, Morris Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (from the Foreword) This book provides a timely and comprehensive overview of molecular level insights into polymer glasses in confined geometries and under deformation. Polymer glasses have become ubiquitous to our daily life, from the polycarbonate eyeglass lenses on the end of our nose to large acrylic glass panes holding water in aquarium tanks, with advantages over glass in that they are lightweight and easy to manufacture, while remaining transparent and rigid. The contents include an introduction to the field, as well as state of the art investigations. Chapters delve into studies of commonalities across different types of glass formers (polymers, small molecules, colloids, and granular materials), which have enabled microscopic and molecular level frameworks to be developed. The authors show how glass formers are modeled across different systems, thereby leading to treatments for polymer glasses with first-principle based approaches and molecular level detail. Readers across disciplines will benefit from this topical overview summarizing the key areas of polymer glasses, alongside an introduction to the main principles and approaches.

Rugged Free Energy Landscapes

Author : Wolfhard Janke
Publisher : Springer
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 2007-12-10
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783540740292

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Rugged Free Energy Landscapes by Wolfhard Janke Pdf

This collection of lectures and tutorial reviews focuses on the common computational approaches in use to unravel the static and dynamical behaviour of complex physical systems at the interface of physics, chemistry and biology. Prominent consideration is given to rugged free-energy landscapes. The authors aim to provide a common basis and technical language for the (computational) technology transfer between the fields and systems considered.

Giant Micelles

Author : Raoul Zana,Eric W. Kaler
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 639 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2007-05-30
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781000654288

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Giant Micelles by Raoul Zana,Eric W. Kaler Pdf

The co-evolution of a strong theoretical framework alongside application of a range of sophisticated experimental tools engendered rapid advancement in the study ofgiant micelles. Beginning with Anacker and Debye's 1951 experimental study of elongated micelles by light scattering and their subsequent theoretical inference that the thermodynamic

Quantum Information and Coherence

Author : Erika Andersson,Patrik Öhberg
Publisher : Springer
Page : 290 pages
File Size : 48,8 Mb
Release : 2014-07-08
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9783319040639

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Quantum Information and Coherence by Erika Andersson,Patrik Öhberg Pdf

This book offers an introduction to ten key topics in quantum information science and quantum coherent phenomena, aimed at graduate-student level. The chapters cover some of the most recent developments in this dynamic research field where theoretical and experimental physics, combined with computer science, provide a fascinating arena for groundbreaking new concepts in information processing. The book addresses both the theoretical and experimental aspects of the subject, and clearly demonstrates how progress in experimental techniques has stimulated a great deal of theoretical effort and vice versa. Experiments are shifting from simply preparing and measuring quantum states to controlling and manipulating them, and the book outlines how the first real applications, notably quantum key distribution for secure communication, are starting to emerge. The chapters cover quantum retrodiction, ultracold quantum gases in optical lattices, optomechanics, quantum algorithms, quantum key distribution, quantum control based on measurement, orbital angular momentum of light, entanglement theory, trapped ions and quantum metrology, and open quantum systems subject to decoherence. The contributing authors have been chosen not just on the basis of their scientific expertise, but also because of their ability to offer pedagogical and well-written contributions which will be of interest to students and established researchers.