Soviet Cities

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Soviet Cities: Labour, Life and Leisure

Author : Arseniy Kotov
Publisher : Fuel
Page : 240 pages
File Size : 52,6 Mb
Release : 2020-09-22
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 1916218415

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Soviet Cities: Labour, Life and Leisure by Arseniy Kotov Pdf

The Soviet dream of modernist architecture for all, portrayed on the brink of its erasure In recent years Russian cities have visibly changed. The architectural heritage of the Soviet period has not been fully acknowledged. As a result many unique modernist buildings have been destroyed or changed beyond recognition. Russian photographer Arseniy Kotov intends to document these buildings and their surroundings before they are lost forever. He likes to take pictures in winter, during the "blue hour," which occurs immediately after sunset or just before sunrise. At this time, the warm yellow colors inside apartment-block windows contrast with the twilight gloom outside. To Kotov, this atmosphere reflects the Soviet period of his imagination. His impression of this time is unashamedly idealistic: he envisages a great civilization, built on a fair society, which hopes to explore nature and conquer space. From the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the desert steppes of Kazakhstan to the grim monolithic high-rise dormitory blocks of inner-city Volgograd, Kotov captures the essence of the post-Soviet world. "The USSR no longer exists and in these photographs we can see what remains--the most outstanding buildings and constructions, where Soviet people lived and how Soviet cities once looked: no decoration, no bright colors and no luxury, only bare concrete and powerful forms." This superbly designed volume is the latest in Fuel's revelatory and inspiring series on Soviet-era architecture.

Russia's Hero Cities

Author : Ivo Mijnssen
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Page : 332 pages
File Size : 51,6 Mb
Release : 2021-05-04
Category : History
ISBN : 9780253056214

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Russia's Hero Cities by Ivo Mijnssen Pdf

World War II, known as the Great Patriotic War to Russians, ravaged the Soviet Union and traumatized those who survived. After the war, memory of this anguish was often publicly repressed under Stalin. But that all changed by the 1960s. Under Brezhnev, the idea of the Great Patriotic War was transformed into one of victory and celebration. In Russia's Hero Cities, Ivo Mijnssen reveals how contradictory national recollections were revised into an idealized past that both served official needs and offered a narrative of heroism. This triumphant narrative was most evident in the creation of 13 Hero Cities, now located across Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. These cities, which were host to some of the fiercest and most famous battles, were named champions. Brezhnev's government officially recognized these cities with awards, financial contributions, and ritualized festivities. Their citizens also encountered the altered history at every corner—on manicured battlefields, in war memorials, and through stories at the kitchen table. Using a rich tapestry of archival material, oral history interviews, and newspaper articles, Mijnssen provides a thorough exploration of two cities in particular, Tula and Novorossiysk. By exploring the significance of Hero Cities in Soviet identity and the enduring but conflicted importance they hold for Russians today, Russia's Hero Cities exposes how the Great Patriotic War no longer has the power to mask the deep rifts still present in Russian society.

The Soviet City

Author : James H. Bater
Publisher : Hodder Education
Page : 218 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 1980
Category : Cities and towns
ISBN : UOM:39015008289244

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The Soviet City by James H. Bater Pdf

Cities of the Soviet Union

Author : Chauncy Dennison Harris
Publisher : Chicago : Published for Association of American Geographers by Rand McNally
Page : 520 pages
File Size : 47,8 Mb
Release : 1970
Category : Cities and towns
ISBN : STANFORD:36105082973087

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Cities of the Soviet Union by Chauncy Dennison Harris Pdf

Cultural Diversity in Russian Cities

Author : Cordula Gdaniec
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Page : 196 pages
File Size : 48,8 Mb
Release : 2010-05-30
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781845458317

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Cultural Diversity in Russian Cities by Cordula Gdaniec Pdf

Cultural diversity - the multitude of different lifestyles that are not necessarily based on ethnic culture - is a catchphrase increasingly used in place of multiculturalism and in conjunction with globalization. Even though it is often used as a slogan it does capture a widespread phenomenon that cities must contend with in dealing with their increasingly diverse populations. The contributors examine how Russian cities are responding and through case studies from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, and Sochi explore the ways in which different cultures are inscribed into urban spaces, when and where they are present in public space, and where and how they carve out their private spaces. Through its unique exploration of the Russian example, this volume addresses the implications of the fragmented urban landscape on cultural practices and discourses, ethnicity, lifestyles and subcultures, and economic practices, and in doing so provides important insights applicable to a global context.

Tashkent

Author : Paul Stronski
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
Page : 320 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 2010-09-19
Category : History
ISBN : 9780822973898

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Tashkent by Paul Stronski Pdf

Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of urban centers in Central Asia. Based on extensive research in Russian and Uzbek archives, Stronski shows us how Soviet officials, planners, and architects strived to integrate local ethnic traditions and socialist ideology into a newly constructed urban space and propaganda showcase. The Soviets planned to transform Tashkent from a “feudal city” of the tsarist era into a “flourishing garden,” replete with fountains, a lakeside resort, modern roadways, schools, hospitals, apartment buildings, and of course, factories. The city was intended to be a shining example to the world of the successful assimilation of a distinctly non-Russian city and its citizens through the catalyst of socialism. As Stronski reveals, the physical building of this Soviet city was not an end in itself, but rather a means to change the people and their society. Stronski analyzes how the local population of Tashkent reacted to, resisted, and eventually acquiesced to the city’s socialist transformation. He records their experiences of the Great Terror, World War II, Stalin’s death, and the developments of the Krushchev and Brezhnev eras up until the earthquake of 1966, which leveled large parts of the city. Stronski finds that the Soviets established a legitimacy that transformed Tashkent and its people into one of the more stalwart supporters of the regime through years of political and cultural changes and finally during the upheavals of glasnost.

The Contemporary Soviet City

Author : Henry W. Morton,Robert C. Stuart
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 276 pages
File Size : 55,7 Mb
Release : 2017-07-05
Category : Fiction
ISBN : 9781315495910

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The Contemporary Soviet City by Henry W. Morton,Robert C. Stuart Pdf

This anthology of short stories reflects the writers' shared core experience of Korea's trajectory from an inward-looking feudal state, through Japanese colony and battle-ground for the Korean War, to a modernizing society. Three stories have been added to the original edition.

A Cartographic Analysis of Soviet Military City Plans

Author : Martin Davis
Publisher : Springer
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 53,9 Mb
Release : 2022-10-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 3030840190

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A Cartographic Analysis of Soviet Military City Plans by Martin Davis Pdf

The collapse of the Soviet Union has seen the emergence of its unprecedentedly comprehensive global secret military mapping project and the commercial availability of a vast number of detailed topographic maps and city plans at several scales. This thesis provides an in-depth examination of the series of over 2,000 large-scale city plans produced in secret by the Military Topographic Directorate (Военное топографическое управление) of the General Staff between the end of the Second World War and the collapse of the USSR in 1991. After positioning the series in its historical context, the nature and content of the plans are examined in detail. A poststructuralist perspective introduces possibilities to utilise and apply the maps in new contexts, which this thesis facilitates by providing a systematic, empirical analysis of the Soviet map symbology at 1:10,000 and 1:25,000, using new translations of production manuals and a sample of the city plans. A comparative analysis with the current OpenStreetMap symbology indicates scope for Soviet mapping to be used as a valuable supplementary topographic resource in a variety of existing and future global mapping initiatives, including humanitarian crisis mapping. This leads to a conclusion that the relevance and value of Soviet military maps endure in modern applications, both as a source of data and as a means of overcoming contemporary cartographic challenges relating to symbology, design and the handling of large datasets.

Soviet Urbanization

Author : Olga Medvedkov
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 178 pages
File Size : 44,7 Mb
Release : 2017-10-30
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781351214001

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Soviet Urbanization by Olga Medvedkov Pdf

Originally published in 1990, Soviet Urbanization provides an assessment of Soviet urban systems. Drawing on her personal experiences at the Soviet Academy of Sciences and bringing with her much material otherwise unavailable in the West, the author analyses the structure of the Soviet urban network and its future development under the constraints of central planning. The author concludes that the danger to Soviet urbanization programme lies in the gap between central planning on the one hand and actual spatial change on the other. This book will appeal to students and academics working in the disciplines of geography, urban studies and planning.

Governing Soviet Cities

Author : William Taubman,Columbia University. Russian Institute
Publisher : New York : Praeger
Page : 200 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 1973
Category : Municipal government
ISBN : UCAL:B3975608

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Governing Soviet Cities by William Taubman,Columbia University. Russian Institute Pdf

The City in Russian Culture

Author : Pavel Lyssakov,Stephen M Norris
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 329 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2018-04-19
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781351388023

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The City in Russian Culture by Pavel Lyssakov,Stephen M Norris Pdf

Cities are constructed and organized by people, and in turn become an important factor in the organization of human life. They are sites of both social encounter and social division and provide for their inhabitants “a sense of place”. This book explores the nature of Russian cities, outlining the role played by various Russian cities over time. It focuses on a range of cities including provincial cities, considering both physical, iconic, created cities, and also cities as represented in films, fiction and other writing. Overall, the book provides a rich picture of the huge variety of Russian cities.

The Red Atlas

Author : John Davies,Alexander J. Kent
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 249 pages
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Release : 2017-10-17
Category : History
ISBN : 9780226389608

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The Red Atlas by John Davies,Alexander J. Kent Pdf

The “utterly fascinating” untold story of Soviet Russia’s global military mapping program—featuring many of the surprising maps that resulted (Marina Lewycka, author of A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian). From 1950 to 1990, the Soviet Army conducted a global topographic mapping program, creating large-scale maps for much of the world that included a diversity of detail that would have supported a full range of military planning. For big cities like New York, Washington, D.C., and London to towns like Pontiac, MI, and Galveston, TX, the Soviets gathered enough information to create street-level maps. The information on these maps ranged from the locations of factories and ports to building heights, road widths, and bridge capacities. Some of the detail suggests early satellite technology, while other specifics, like detailed depictions of depths and channels around rivers and harbors, could only have been gained by Soviet spies on the ground. The Red Atlas includes over 350 extracts from these incredible Cold War maps, exploring their provenance and cartographic techniques as well as what they can tell us about their makers and the Soviet initiatives that were going on all around us.

Cities Without Land Markets

Author : Alain Bertaud,Bertrand Renaud
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Page : 22 pages
File Size : 47,8 Mb
Release : 1995
Category : Cities and towns
ISBN : 8210379456XXX

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Cities Without Land Markets by Alain Bertaud,Bertrand Renaud Pdf

Housing and Urban Development in the USSR

Author : Gregory D. Andrusz
Publisher : State University of New York Press
Page : 384 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 1985-06-30
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780791494974

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Housing and Urban Development in the USSR by Gregory D. Andrusz Pdf

This study of housing and the urban environment in a socialist society sheds light on the discrepancy between plan and reality. It investigates the sources and consequences of the problem and shows how the U.S.S.R. has attempted to find solutions. Following a general background and overview section, the book deals with the construction, control, and use of buildings in Soviet cities. It then investigates the types of housing considered to be most appropriate for today's Russian urbanite. Focusing on housing sites, it shows the reality of the housing situation in the U.S.S.R. and uncovers spatial patterns of social segregation in Soviet urban development. The question of high- and low-rise housing for workers is also discussed. Andrusz shows how today's Soviet society has evolved away from certain patterns created by the architects of the Revolution. New norms, values, and demands—particularly in the visible form of a more privatized lifestyle: the consumer-oriented, car-ownership-seeking, nuclear family with segregated role playing—have resulted in new dwelling needs. The book is enriched with tables, notes and references, and a useful bibliography.

Soviet New Towns

Author : Jack A. Underhill
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 104 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 1976
Category : Cities and towns
ISBN : MINN:31951D00707370A

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Soviet New Towns by Jack A. Underhill Pdf