Spatial Violence

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Spatial Violence

Author : Andrew Herscher,Anooradha Siddiqi
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 287 pages
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Release : 2018-02-02
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781134881048

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Spatial Violence by Andrew Herscher,Anooradha Siddiqi Pdf

This book poses spatial violence as a constitutive dimension of architecture and its epistemologies, as well as a method for theoretical and historical inquiry intrinsic to architecture; and thereby offers an alternative to predominant readings of spatial violence as a topic, event, fact, or other empirical form that may be illustrated by architecture. Exploring histories of and through architecture at sites across the globe, the chapters in the book blur the purportedly distinctive borders between war and peace, framing violence as a form of social, political, and economic order rather than its exceptional interruption. Regarding space and violence as co-constitutive, the book’s collected essays critique modernization and capitalist accumulation as naturalized modes for the extraction of violence from everyday life. Focusing on the mediation of violence through architectural registers of construction, destruction, design, use, representation, theory, and history, the book suggests that violence is not only something inflicted upon architecture, but also something that architecture inflicts. In keeping with Walter Benjamin’s formulation that there is no document of civilization that is not also a document of barbarism, the book offers "spatial violence" as another name for "architecture" itself. This book was previously published as a special issue of Architectural Theory Review.

Spatial and Discursive Violence in the US Southwest

Author : Rosaura Sánchez,Beatrice Pita
Publisher : Duke University Press
Page : 169 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2021-03-01
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781478021292

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Spatial and Discursive Violence in the US Southwest by Rosaura Sánchez,Beatrice Pita Pdf

In Spatial and Discursive Violence in the US Southwest Rosaura Sánchez and Beatrice Pita examine literary representations of settler colonial land enclosure and dispossession in the history of New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma. Sánchez and Pita analyze a range of Chicano/a and Native American novels, films, short stories, and other cultural artifacts from the eighteenth century to the present, showing how Chicano/a works often celebrate an idealized colonial Spanish past as a way to counter stereotypes of Mexican and Indigenous racial and ethnic inferiority. As they demonstrate, these texts often erase the participation of Spanish and Mexican settlers in the dispossession of Indigenous lands. Foregrounding the relationship between literature and settler colonialism, they consider how literary representations of land are manipulated and redefined in ways that point to the changing practices of dispossession. In so doing, Sánchez and Pita prompt critics to reconsider the role of settler colonialism in the deep history of the United States and how spatial and discursive violence are always correlated.

Architecture, Urban Space and War

Author : Mirjana Ristic
Publisher : Springer
Page : 260 pages
File Size : 41,8 Mb
Release : 2018-07-18
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9783319767710

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Architecture, Urban Space and War by Mirjana Ristic Pdf

This book investigates architectural and urban dimensions of the ethnic-nationalist conflict in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, during and after the siege of 1992–1995. Focusing on the wartime destruction of a portion of the cityscape in central Sarajevo and its post-war reconstruction, re-inscription and memorialization, the book reveals how such spatial transformations become complicit in the struggle for reconfiguration of the city’s territory, boundaries and place identity. Drawing on original research, the study highlights the capacities of architecture and urban space to mediate terror, violence and resistance, and to deal with heritage of the war and act a catalyst for ethnic segregation or reconciliation. Based on a multi-disciplinary methodological approach grounded in architectural and urban theory, the spatial turn in critical social theory and assemblage thinking, as well as techniques of spatial analysis, in particular morphological mapping, the book provides an innovative spatial framework for analyzing the political role of contemporary cities.

Spatial Justice After Apartheid

Author : Jaco Barnard-Naudé,Julia Chryssostalis
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 228 pages
File Size : 46,7 Mb
Release : 2022-08-25
Category : History
ISBN : 9781351363471

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Spatial Justice After Apartheid by Jaco Barnard-Naudé,Julia Chryssostalis Pdf

This book considers the question of spatial justice after apartheid from several disciplinary perspectives – jurisprudence, law, literature, architecture, photography and psychoanalysis are just some of the disciplines engaged here. However, the main theoretical device on which the authors comment is the legacy of what in Carl Schmitt’s terms is nomos as the spatialised normativity of sociality. Each author considers within the practical and theoretical constraints of their topic, the question of what nomos in its modern configuration may or may not contribute to a thinking of spatial justice after apartheid. On the whole, the collection forces a confrontation between law’s spatiality in a “postcolonial” era, on the one hand, and the traumatic legacy of what Paul Gilroy has called the “colonial nomos”, on the other hand. In the course of this confrontation, critical questions of continuation, extension, disruption and rewriting are raised and confronted in novel and innovative ways that both challenge Schmitt’s account of nomos and affirm the centrality of the constitutive relation between law and space. The book promises to resituate the trajectory of nomos, while considering critical instances through which the spatial legacy of apartheid might at last be overcome. This interdisciplinary book will appeal to scholars of critical legal theory, political philosophy, aesthetics and architecture.

Spatial Politics in the Postcolonial Novel

Author : Sara Upstone
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 251 pages
File Size : 52,6 Mb
Release : 2016-04-01
Category : Literary Criticism
ISBN : 9781317051480

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Spatial Politics in the Postcolonial Novel by Sara Upstone Pdf

In her innovative study of spatial locations in postcolonial texts, Sara Upstone adopts a transnational and comparative approach that challenges the tendency to engage with authors in isolation or in relation to other writers from a single geographical setting. Suggesting that isolating authors in terms of geography reinforces the primacy of the nation, Upstone instead illuminates the power of spatial locales such as the journey, city, home, and body to enable personal or communal statements of resistance against colonial prejudice and its neo-colonial legacies. While focusing on the major texts of Wilson Harris, Toni Morrison, and Salman Rushdie in relation to particular spatial locations, Upstone offers a wide range of examples from other postcolonial authors, including Michael Ondaatje, Keri Hulme, J. M. Coetzee, Arundhati Roy, Tsitsi Dangarembga, and Abdulrazak Gurnah. The result is a strong case for what Upstone terms the 'postcolonial spatial imagination', independent of geography though always fully contextualised. Written in accessible and unhurried prose, Upstone's study is marked by its respect for the ways in which the writers themselves resist not only geographical boundaries but academic categorisation.

Space, Place, and Violence

Author : James A. Tyner
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 225 pages
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Release : 2012-05-02
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781136624629

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Space, Place, and Violence by James A. Tyner Pdf

Direct, interpersonal violence is a pervasive, yet often mundane feature of our day-to-day lives; paradoxically, violence is both ordinary and extraordinary. Violence, in other words, is often hidden in plain sight. Space, Place, and Violence seeks to uncover that which is too apparent: to critically question both violent geographies and the geographies of violence. With a focus on direct violence, this book situates violent acts within the context of broader political and structural conditions. Violence, it is argued, is both a social and spatial practice. Adopting a geographic perspective, Space, Place, and Violence provides a critical reading of how violence takes place and also produces place. Specifically, four spatial vignettes – home, school, streets, and community – are introduced, designed so that students may think critically how ‘race’, sex, gender, and class inform violent geographies and geographies of violence.

Introducing Urban Anthropology

Author : Rivke Jaffe,Anouk De Koning
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 186 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 2015-10-30
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781317363989

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Introducing Urban Anthropology by Rivke Jaffe,Anouk De Koning Pdf

This book provides an up-to-date introduction to the important and growing field of urban anthropology. This is an increasingly critical area of study, as more than half of the world's population now lives in cities and anthropological research is increasingly done in an urban context. Exploring contemporary anthropological approaches to the urban, the authors consider: How can we define urban anthropology? What are the main themes of twenty-first century urban anthropological research? What are the possible future directions in the field? The chapters cover topics such as urban mobilities, place-making and public space, production and consumption, politics and governance. These are illustrated by lively case studies drawn from a diverse range of urban settings in the global North and South. Accessible yet theoretically incisive, Introducing Urban Anthropology will be a valuable resource for anthropology students as well as of interest to those working in urban studies and related disciplines such as sociology and geography.

Schools, Neighborhoods, and Violence

Author : Caterina Gouvis Roman
Publisher : Lexington Books
Page : 130 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 2004
Category : Education
ISBN : 0739109014

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Schools, Neighborhoods, and Violence by Caterina Gouvis Roman Pdf

Neighborhoods, Schools, and Violence furthers the evolution of the merger of social disorganization theories and opportunity theories in explaining the crime potential of place, particularly in Prince George's County, Maryland. Author Caterina Roman cogently utilizes the criminal opportunity framework to examine the influence of schools on neighborhood variations in the rates of violence.

Formations of Violence

Author : Allen Feldman
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 318 pages
File Size : 40,6 Mb
Release : 2008-03-14
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780226240800

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Formations of Violence by Allen Feldman Pdf

"A sophisticated and persuasive late-modernist political analysis that consistently draws the reader into the narratives of the author and those of the people of violence in Northern Ireland to whom he talked. . . . Simply put, this book is a feast for the intellect"—Thomas M. Wilson, American Anthropologist "One of the best books to have been written on Northern Ireland. . . . A highly imagination and significant book. Formations of Violence is an important addition to the literature on political violence."—David E. Schmitt, American Political Science Review

The Spatial Scale of Crime

Author : John R. Hipp
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 267 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2022-12-09
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781000800036

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The Spatial Scale of Crime by John R. Hipp Pdf

Combining insights from two distinct research traditions—the communities and crime tradition that focuses on why some neighborhoods have more crime than others, and the burgeoning crime and place literature that focuses on crime in micro-geographic units—this book explores the spatial scale of crime. Criminologist John Hipp articulates a new theoretical perspective that provides an individual- and household-level theory to underpin existing ecological models of neighborhoods and crime. A focus is maintained on the agents of change within neighborhoods and communities, and how households nested in neighborhoods might come to perceive problems in the neighborhood and then have a choice of exit, voice, loyalty, or neglect (EVLN). A characteristic of many crime incidents is that they happen at a particular spatial location and a point in time. These two simple insights suggest the need for both a spatial and a longitudinal perspective in studying crime events. The spatial question focuses on why crime seems to occur more frequently in some locations than others, and the consequences of this for certain areas of cities, or neighborhoods. The longitudinal component focuses on how crime impacts, and is impacted by, characteristics of the environment. This book looks at where offenders, targets, and guardians might live, and where they might spatially travel throughout the environment, exploring how vibrant neighborhoods are generated, how neighborhoods change, and what determines why some neighborhoods decline over time while others avoid this fate. Hipp’s theoretical model provides a cohesive response to the general question of the spatial scale of crime and articulates necessary future directions for the field. This book is essential for students and scholars interested in spatial-temporal criminology.

Peacebuilding and Spatial Transformation

Author : Annika Bjorkdahl,Stefanie Kappler
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 150 pages
File Size : 43,9 Mb
Release : 2017-05-18
Category : History
ISBN : 9781317409410

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Peacebuilding and Spatial Transformation by Annika Bjorkdahl,Stefanie Kappler Pdf

This book investigates peacebuilding in post-conflict scenarios by analysing the link between peace, space and place. By focusing on the case studies of Cyprus, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Northern Ireland and South Africa, the book provides a spatial reading of agency in peacebuilding contexts. It conceptualises peacebuilding agency in post-conflict landscapes as situated between place (material locality) and space (the imaginary counterpart of place), analysing the ways in which peacebuilding agency can be read as a spatial practice. Investigating a number of post-conflict cases, this book outlines infrastructures of power and agency as they are manifested in spatial practice. It demonstrates how spatial agency can take the form of conflict and exclusion on the one hand, but also of transformation towards peace over time on the other hand. Against this background, the book argues that agency drives place-making and space-making processes. Therefore, transformative processes in post-conflict societies can be understood as materialising through the active use and transformation of space and place. This book will be of interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, human geography and IR in general.

Spatialising Peace and Conflict

Author : Annika Bjorkdahl,Susanne Buckley-Zistel
Publisher : Springer
Page : 314 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 2016-05-01
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781137550484

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Spatialising Peace and Conflict by Annika Bjorkdahl,Susanne Buckley-Zistel Pdf

This volume brings to the fore the spatial dimension of specific places and sites, and assesses how they condition – and are conditioned by – conflict and peace processes. By marrying spatial theories with theories of peace and conflict, the contributors propose a new research agenda to investigate where peace and conflict take place.

Reverberations

Author : Yael Navaro,Zerrin Özlem Biner,Alice von Bieberstein,Seda Altuğ
Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
Page : 328 pages
File Size : 44,7 Mb
Release : 2021-12-21
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780812253498

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Reverberations by Yael Navaro,Zerrin Özlem Biner,Alice von Bieberstein,Seda Altuğ Pdf

Reverberations aims to generate new concepts and methodologies for the study of political violence and its aftermath. Essays attend to the distribution, extension, and endurance of violence across time, space, materialities, and otherworldly dimensions, as well as its embodiment in subjectivities, discourses, and political imaginations.

Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2013 Edition

Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Page : 348 pages
File Size : 44,7 Mb
Release : 2013-05-01
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781490106458

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Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2013 Edition by Anonim Pdf

Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Criminology. The editors have built Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Criminology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

Author : Ussama Makdisi,Paul A. Silverstein
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Page : 260 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2006-03-14
Category : History
ISBN : 0253217989

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Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa by Ussama Makdisi,Paul A. Silverstein Pdf

Explores the relation between histories of violence and their contemporary commemoration.