The Nature Of Order

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The Nature of Order: The phenomenon of life

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Nature of Order
Page : 492 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2002
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9780972652919

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The Nature of Order: The phenomenon of life by Christopher Alexander Pdf

In Book Oneof this four-volume work, Alexander describes a scientific view of the world in which all space-matter has perceptible degrees of life, and establishes this understanding of living structures as an intellectual basis for a new architecture. He identifies fifteen geometric properties which tend to accompany the presence of life in nature, and also in the buildings and cities we make. These properties are seen over and over in nature and in the cities and streets of the past, but they have almost disappeared in the impersonal developments and buildings of the last hundred years. This book shows that living structures depend on features which make a close connection with the human self, and that only living structure has the capacity to support human well-being.

The Nature of Order

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2001
Category : Architectural design
ISBN : OCLC:1345631761

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The Nature of Order by Christopher Alexander Pdf

The Timeless Way of Building

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : New York : Oxford University Press
Page : 588 pages
File Size : 41,8 Mb
Release : 1979
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 0195024028

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The Timeless Way of Building by Christopher Alexander Pdf

This introductory volume to Alexander's other works, A Pattern of Language and The Oregon Experiment, explains concepts fundamental to his original approaches to the theory and application of architecture.

A Pattern Language

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 41,7 Mb
Release : 2018-09-20
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9780190050351

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A Pattern Language by Christopher Alexander Pdf

You can use this book to design a house for yourself with your family; you can use it to work with your neighbors to improve your town and neighborhood; you can use it to design an office, or a workshop, or a public building. And you can use it to guide you in the actual process of construction. After a ten-year silence, Christopher Alexander and his colleagues at the Center for Environmental Structure are now publishing a major statement in the form of three books which will, in their words, "lay the basis for an entirely new approach to architecture, building and planning, which will we hope replace existing ideas and practices entirely." The three books are The Timeless Way of Building, The Oregon Experiment, and this book, A Pattern Language. At the core of these books is the idea that people should design for themselves their own houses, streets, and communities. This idea may be radical (it implies a radical transformation of the architectural profession) but it comes simply from the observation that most of the wonderful places of the world were not made by architects but by the people. At the core of the books, too, is the point that in designing their environments people always rely on certain "languages," which, like the languages we speak, allow them to articulate and communicate an infinite variety of designs within a forma system which gives them coherence. This book provides a language of this kind. It will enable a person to make a design for almost any kind of building, or any part of the built environment. "Patterns," the units of this language, are answers to design problems (How high should a window sill be? How many stories should a building have? How much space in a neighborhood should be devoted to grass and trees?). More than 250 of the patterns in this pattern language are given: each consists of a problem statement, a discussion of the problem with an illustration, and a solution. As the authors say in their introduction, many of the patterns are archetypal, so deeply rooted in the nature of things that it seemly likely that they will be a part of human nature, and human action, as much in five hundred years as they are today.

The Nature of Order

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 53,5 Mb
Release : 2001
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 0195106393

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The Nature of Order by Christopher Alexander Pdf

Christopher Alexander's series of groundbreaking books--including The Timeless Way of Building and A Pattern Language--have illuminated the fundamental truths of traditional ways of building, revealing what gives life and beauty and true functionality to buildings and towns. Now, in The Nature of Order, Alexander delves into the essential properties of life itself, highlighting a common set of well-defined structures that he believes are present in all order--and in all life--from micro-organisms and mountain ranges to the creation of good houses and vibrant communities. In The Phenomenon of Life, the first volume in this masterwork, Alexander ponders the nature of order as an intellectual basis for a new architecture, proposing a well-defined scientific view of the world in which all space-matter has perceptible degrees of life. With this view as foundation, we can ask precise questions about what must be done to create life in the world--"whether in a single room...a doorknob...a neighborhood...even in a vast region." He presents the basic tenets of the concept, expanding on his theories of centers and of wholeness as a structure, and describes the fifteen properties from which he feels wholeness may be built. He also argues that living structure is at once both personal and structural, related not only to the geometry of space and how things work, but to human beings whose lives are ultimately based on feeling. Thus order, as the foundation of all things and as the foundation of all architecture, is both rooted in substance and rooted in feeling. Here then is the culmination of decades of intense thinking by one of the most innovative architects alive.

Regulating Eden

Author : Joe Hermer
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Page : 168 pages
File Size : 50,7 Mb
Release : 2002-01-01
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 0802081827

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Regulating Eden by Joe Hermer Pdf

In order to experience the naturalness and freedom of the parks, we must embrace the very forms of regulation that we closely associate with places we consider to be artificial, restrictive, and alienating.

Notes on the Synthesis of Form

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Page : 228 pages
File Size : 51,9 Mb
Release : 1964
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 0674627512

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Notes on the Synthesis of Form by Christopher Alexander Pdf

"These notes are about the process of design: the process of inventing things which display new physical order, organization, form, in response to function." This book, opening with these words, presents an entirely new theory of the process of design. In the first part of the book, Christopher Alexander discusses the process by which a form is adapted to the context of human needs and demands that has called it into being. He shows that such an adaptive process will be successful only if it proceeds piecemeal instead of all at once. It is for this reason that forms from traditional un-self-conscious cultures, molded not by designers but by the slow pattern of changes within tradition, are so beautifully organized and adapted. When the designer, in our own self-conscious culture, is called on to create a form that is adapted to its context he is unsuccessful, because the preconceived categories out of which he builds his picture of the problem do not correspond to the inherent components of the problem, and therefore lead only to the arbitrariness, willfulness, and lack of understanding which plague the design of modern buildings and modern cities. In the second part, Mr. Alexander presents a method by which the designer may bring his full creative imagination into play, and yet avoid the traps of irrelevant preconception. He shows that, whenever a problem is stated, it is possible to ignore existing concepts and to create new concepts, out of the structure of the problem itself, which do correspond correctly to what he calls the subsystems of the adaptive process. By treating each of these subsystems as a separate subproblem, the designer can translate the new concepts into form. The form, because of the process, will be well-adapted to its context, non-arbitrary, and correct. The mathematics underlying this method, based mainly on set theory, is fully developed in a long appendix. Another appendix demonstrates the application of the method to the design of an Indian village.

The Order of Nature

Author : Josh Scheinert
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 390 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 2017-10-23
Category : Fiction
ISBN : 1775160009

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The Order of Nature by Josh Scheinert Pdf

What does it mean to live a life that's illegal, to be born into a community where you don't belong? Set in The Gambia where homosexuality is a crime, The Order of Nature follows Andrew and Thomas's relationship. Their secret is safe at first, but eventually, they are exposed and arrested, charged for committing acts against the order of nature.

The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature

Author : Eric Watkins
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 269 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 2013-11
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780199934409

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The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature by Eric Watkins Pdf

This volume contains ten new essays focused on the exploration and articulation of a narrative that considers the notion of order within medieval and modern philosophy—its various kinds (natural, moral, divine, and human), the different ways in which each is conceived, and the diverse dependency relations that are thought to obtain among them. Descartes, with the help of others, brought about an important shift in what was understood by the order of nature by placing laws of nature at the foundation of his natural philosophy. Vigorous debate then ensued about the proper formulation of the laws of nature and the moral law, about whether such laws can be justified, and if so, how-through some aspect of the divine order or through human beings-and about what consequences these laws have for human beings and the moral and divine orders. That is, philosophers of the period were thinking through what the order of nature consists in and how to understand its relations to the divine, human, and moral orders. No two major philosophers in the modern period took exactly the same stance on these issues, but these issues are clearly central to their thought. The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature is devoted to investigating their positions from a vantage point that has the potential to combine metaphysical, epistemological, scientific, and moral considerations into a single narrative.

The China Order

Author : Fei-Ling Wang
Publisher : State University of New York Press
Page : 344 pages
File Size : 47,8 Mb
Release : 2017-08-07
Category : History
ISBN : 9781438467504

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The China Order by Fei-Ling Wang Pdf

Examines the rising power of China and Chinese foreign policy through a revisionist analysis of Chinese civilization. What does the rise of China represent, and how should the international community respond? With a holistic rereading of Chinese longue durée history, Fei-Ling Wang provides a simple but powerful framework for understanding the nature of persistent and rising Chinese power and its implications for the current global order. He argues that the Chinese ideation and tradition of political governance and world order—the China Order—is based on an imperial state of Confucian-Legalism as historically exemplified by the Qin-Han polity. Claiming a Mandate of Heaven to unify and govern the whole known world or tianxia (all under heaven), the China Order dominated Eastern Eurasia as a world empire for more than two millennia, until the late nineteenth century. Since 1949, the People’s Republic of China has been a reincarnated Qin-Han polity without the traditional China Order, finding itself stuck in the endless struggle against the current world order and the ever-changing Chinese society for its regime survival and security. Wang also offers new discoveries and assessments about the true golden eras of Chinese civilization, explains the great East-West divergence between China and Europe, and analyzes the China Dream that drives much of current Chinese foreign policy. Fei-Ling Wang is Professor of International Affairs at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His books include Organizing through Division and Exclusion: China’s Hukou System and China Rising: Power and Motivation in Chinese Foreign Policy (coedited with Yong Deng).

A New Theory of Urban Design

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Center for Environmental Struc
Page : 263 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 1987
Category : City planning
ISBN : 9780195037531

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A New Theory of Urban Design by Christopher Alexander Pdf

The venerable cities of the past, such as Venice or Amsterdam, convey a feeling of wholeness, an organic unity that surfaces in every detail, large and small, in restaurants, shops, public gardens, even in balconies and ornaments. But this sense of wholeness is lacking in modern urban design, with architects absorbed in problems of individual structures, and city planners preoccupied with local ordinances, it is almost impossible to achieve. In this groundbreaking volume, architect and planner Christopher Alexander presents a new theory of urban design which attempts to recapture the process by which cities develop organically. To discover the kinds of laws needed to create a growing whole in a city, Alexander proposes here a preliminary set of seven rules which embody the process at a practical level and which are consistent with the day-to-day demands of urban development. He then puts these rules to the test, setting out with a number of his graduate students to simulate the urban redesign of a high-density part of San Francisco, initiating a project that encompassed some ninety different design problems, including warehouses, hotels, fishing piers, a music hall, and a public square. This extensive experiment is documented project by project, with detailed discussion of how each project satisfied the seven rules, accompanied by floorplans, elevations, street grids, axonometric diagrams and photographs of the scaled-down model which clearly illustrate the discussion. A New Theory of Urban Design provides an entirely new theoretical framework for the discussion of urban problems, one that goes far to remedy the defects which cities have today.

Violence, Order, and Unrest

Author : Elizabeth Mancke,Jerry Bannister,Denis McKim,Scott W. See
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Page : 534 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2019-01-01
Category : History
ISBN : 9781487523701

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Violence, Order, and Unrest by Elizabeth Mancke,Jerry Bannister,Denis McKim,Scott W. See Pdf

This edited collection offers a broad reinterpretation of the origins of Canada. Drawing on cutting-edge research in a number of fields, Violence, Order, and Unrest explores the development of British North America from the mid-eighteenth century through the aftermath of Confederation. The chapters cover an ambitious range of topics, from Indigenous culture to municipal politics, public executions to runaway slave advertisements. Cumulatively, this book examines the diversity of Indigenous and colonial experiences across northern North America and provides fresh perspectives on the crucial roles of violence and unrest in attempts to establish British authority in Indigenous territories. In the aftermath of Canada 150, Violence, Order, and Unrest offers a timely contribution to current debates over the nature of Canadian culture and history, demonstrating that we cannot understand Canada today without considering its origins as a colonial project.

The Nature of Order: The process of creating life

Author : Christopher Alexander
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 666 pages
File Size : 49,6 Mb
Release : 2002
Category : Architectural design
ISBN : 0972652922

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The Nature of Order: The process of creating life by Christopher Alexander Pdf

This four-volume work allows the reader to form one picture of the world in which the perspectives from science, beauty and grace, and commonsense intuitions are interlaced.

Order Out of Chaos

Author : Ilya Prigogine,Isabelle Stengers
Publisher : Verso Books
Page : 384 pages
File Size : 47,8 Mb
Release : 2018-01-23
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781786631022

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Order Out of Chaos by Ilya Prigogine,Isabelle Stengers Pdf

A pioneering book that shows how the two great themes of classic science, order and chaos, are being reconciled in a new and unexpected synthesis Order Out of Chaos is a sweeping critique of the discordant landscape of modern scientific knowledge. In this landmark book, Nobel Laureate Ilya Prigogine and acclaimed philosopher Isabelle Stengers offer an exciting and accessible account of the philosophical implications of thermodynamics. Prigogine and Stengers bring contradictory philosophies of time and chance into a novel and ambitious synthesis. Since its first publication in France in 1978, this book has sparked debate among physicists, philosophers, literary critics and historians.

The Order of Time

Author : Carlo Rovelli
Publisher : Penguin
Page : 258 pages
File Size : 42,5 Mb
Release : 2018-05-08
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780735216105

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The Order of Time by Carlo Rovelli Pdf

One of TIME’s Ten Best Nonfiction Books of the Decade "Meet the new Stephen Hawking . . . The Order of Time is a dazzling book." --The Sunday Times From the bestselling author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics, Reality Is Not What It Seems, Helgoland, and Anaximander comes a concise, elegant exploration of time. Why do we remember the past and not the future? What does it mean for time to "flow"? Do we exist in time or does time exist in us? In lyric, accessible prose, Carlo Rovelli invites us to consider questions about the nature of time that continue to puzzle physicists and philosophers alike. For most readers this is unfamiliar terrain. We all experience time, but the more scientists learn about it, the more mysterious it remains. We think of it as uniform and universal, moving steadily from past to future, measured by clocks. Rovelli tears down these assumptions one by one, revealing a strange universe where at the most fundamental level time disappears. He explains how the theory of quantum gravity attempts to understand and give meaning to the resulting extreme landscape of this timeless world. Weaving together ideas from philosophy, science and literature, he suggests that our perception of the flow of time depends on our perspective, better understood starting from the structure of our brain and emotions than from the physical universe. Already a bestseller in Italy, and written with the poetic vitality that made Seven Brief Lessons on Physics so appealing, The Order of Time offers a profoundly intelligent, culturally rich, novel appreciation of the mysteries of time.