The Weirdest People In The World

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The WEIRDest People in the World

Author : Joseph Henrich
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Page : 704 pages
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Release : 2020-09-08
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9780374710453

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The WEIRDest People in the World by Joseph Henrich Pdf

A New York Times Notable Book of 2020 A Bloomberg Best Non-Fiction Book of 2020 A Behavioral Scientist Notable Book of 2020 A Human Behavior & Evolution Society Must-Read Popular Evolution Book of 2020 A bold, epic account of how the co-evolution of psychology and culture created the peculiar Western mind that has profoundly shaped the modern world. Perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic. If so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar. Unlike much of the world today, and most people who have ever lived, WEIRD people are highly individualistic, self-obsessed, control-oriented, nonconformist, and analytical. They focus on themselves—their attributes, accomplishments, and aspirations—over their relationships and social roles. How did WEIRD populations become so psychologically distinct? What role did these psychological differences play in the industrial revolution and the global expansion of Europe during the last few centuries? In The WEIRDest People in the World, Joseph Henrich draws on cutting-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics, and evolutionary biology to explore these questions and more. He illuminates the origins and evolution of family structures, marriage, and religion, and the profound impact these cultural transformations had on human psychology. Mapping these shifts through ancient history and late antiquity, Henrich reveals that the most fundamental institutions of kinship and marriage changed dramatically under pressure from the Roman Catholic Church. It was these changes that gave rise to the WEIRD psychology that would coevolve with impersonal markets, occupational specialization, and free competition—laying the foundation for the modern world. Provocative and engaging in both its broad scope and its surprising details, The WEIRDest People in the World explores how culture, institutions, and psychology shape one another, and explains what this means for both our most personal sense of who we are as individuals and also the large-scale social, political, and economic forces that drive human history. Includes black-and-white illustrations.

The WEIRDest People in the World

Author : Joseph Henrich
Publisher : Picador USA
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 41,6 Mb
Release : 2021-10-05
Category : History
ISBN : 9781250800077

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The WEIRDest People in the World by Joseph Henrich Pdf

"Harvard University's Joseph Henrich, Chair of the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, delivers [an] ... investigation into the development of the Western mind, global psychological diversity, and its impact on the world"--

The Weirdest People in the World

Author : Joseph Henrich
Publisher : Penguin UK
Page : 704 pages
File Size : 51,6 Mb
Release : 2020-09-10
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9781846147975

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The Weirdest People in the World by Joseph Henrich Pdf

'A landmark in social thought. Henrich may go down as the most influential social scientist of the first half of the twenty-first century' MATTHEW SYED Do you identify yourself by your profession or achievements, rather than your family network? Do you cultivate your unique attributes and goals? If so, perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic. Unlike most who have ever lived, WEIRD people are highly individualistic, nonconformist, analytical and control-oriented. How did WEIRD populations become so psychologically peculiar? What part did these differences play in our history, and what do they mean for our collective identity? Joseph Henrich, who developed the game-changing concept of WEIRD, uses leading-edge research in anthropology, psychology, economics and evolutionary biology to explore how changing family structures, marriage practices and religious beliefs in the Middle Ages shaped the Western mind, laying the foundations for the world we know today. Brilliant, provocative, engaging and surprising, this landmark study will revolutionize your understanding of who - and how - we are now. 'Phenomenal ... The only theory I am aware of that attempts to explain broad patterns of human psychology on a global scale' Washington Post 'You will never look again in the same way at your own seemingly universal values' Uta Frith, Professor of Cognitive Development, University College London

Why Humans Cooperate

Author : Joseph Henrich,Natalie Henrich
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 272 pages
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Release : 2007-06-27
Category : Science
ISBN : 0198041179

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Why Humans Cooperate by Joseph Henrich,Natalie Henrich Pdf

Cooperation among humans is one of the keys to our great evolutionary success. Natalie and Joseph Henrich examine this phenomena with a unique fusion of theoretical work on the evolution of cooperation, ethnographic descriptions of social behavior, and a range of other experimental results. Their experimental and ethnographic data come from a small, insular group of middle-class Iraqi Christians called Chaldeans, living in metro Detroit, whom the Henrichs use as an example to show how kinship relations, ethnicity, and culturally transmitted traditions provide the key to explaining the evolution of cooperation over multiple generations.

The Secret of Our Success

Author : Joseph Henrich
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 464 pages
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Release : 2017-10-17
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9780691178431

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The Secret of Our Success by Joseph Henrich Pdf

How our collective intelligence has helped us to evolve and prosper Humans are a puzzling species. On the one hand, we struggle to survive on our own in the wild, often failing to overcome even basic challenges, like obtaining food, building shelters, or avoiding predators. On the other hand, human groups have produced ingenious technologies, sophisticated languages, and complex institutions that have permitted us to successfully expand into a vast range of diverse environments. What has enabled us to dominate the globe, more than any other species, while remaining virtually helpless as lone individuals? This book shows that the secret of our success lies not in our innate intelligence, but in our collective brains—on the ability of human groups to socially interconnect and learn from one another over generations. Drawing insights from lost European explorers, clever chimpanzees, mobile hunter-gatherers, neuroscientific findings, ancient bones, and the human genome, Joseph Henrich demonstrates how our collective brains have propelled our species' genetic evolution and shaped our biology. Our early capacities for learning from others produced many cultural innovations, such as fire, cooking, water containers, plant knowledge, and projectile weapons, which in turn drove the expansion of our brains and altered our physiology, anatomy, and psychology in crucial ways. Later on, some collective brains generated and recombined powerful concepts, such as the lever, wheel, screw, and writing, while also creating the institutions that continue to alter our motivations and perceptions. Henrich shows how our genetics and biology are inextricably interwoven with cultural evolution, and how culture-gene interactions launched our species on an extraordinary evolutionary trajectory. Tracking clues from our ancient past to the present, The Secret of Our Success explores how the evolution of both our cultural and social natures produce a collective intelligence that explains both our species' immense success and the origins of human uniqueness.

Experimenting with Social Norms

Author : Jean Ensminger,Joseph Henrich
Publisher : Russell Sage Foundation
Page : 492 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2014-10-22
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781610448406

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Experimenting with Social Norms by Jean Ensminger,Joseph Henrich Pdf

Questions about the origins of human cooperation have long puzzled and divided scientists. Social norms that foster fair-minded behavior, altruism and collective action undergird the foundations of large-scale human societies, but we know little about how these norms develop or spread, or why the intensity and breadth of human cooperation varies among different populations. What is the connection between social norms that encourage fair dealing and economic growth? How are these social norms related to the emergence of centralized institutions? Informed by a pioneering set of cross-cultural data, Experimenting with Social Norms advances our understanding of the evolution of human cooperation and the expansion of complex societies. Editors Jean Ensminger and Joseph Henrich present evidence from an exciting collaboration between anthropologists and economists. Using experimental economics games, researchers examined levels of fairness, cooperation, and norms for punishing those who violate expectations of equality across a diverse swath of societies, from hunter-gatherers in Tanzania to a small town in rural Missouri. These experiments tested individuals’ willingness to conduct mutually beneficial transactions with strangers that reap rewards only at the expense of taking a risk on the cooperation of others. The results show a robust relationship between exposure to market economies and social norms that benefit the group over narrow economic self-interest. Levels of fairness and generosity are generally higher among individuals in communities with more integrated markets. Religion also plays a powerful role. Individuals practicing either Islam or Christianity exhibited a stronger sense of fairness, possibly because religions with high moralizing deities, equipped with ample powers to reward and punish, encourage greater prosociality. The size of the settlement also had an impact. People in larger communities were more willing to punish unfairness compared to those in smaller societies. Taken together, the volume supports the hypothesis that social norms evolved over thousands of years to allow strangers in more complex and large settlements to coexist, trade and prosper. Innovative and ambitious, Experimenting with Social Norms synthesizes an unprecedented analysis of social behavior from an immense range of human societies. The fifteen case studies analyzed in this volume, which include field experiments in Africa, South America, New Guinea, Siberia and the United States, are available for free download on the Foundation’s

The Chosen Few

Author : Maristella Botticini,Zvi Eckstein
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 344 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2014-10-12
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9780691163512

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The Chosen Few by Maristella Botticini,Zvi Eckstein Pdf

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein show that, contrary to previous explanations, this transformation was driven not by anti-Jewish persecution and legal restrictions, but rather by changes within Judaism itself after 70 CE--most importantly, the rise of a new norm that required every Jewish male to read and study the Torah and to send his sons to school. Over the next six centuries, those Jews who found the norms of Judaism too costly to obey converted to other religions, making world Jewry shrink. Later, when urbanization and commercial expansion in the newly established Muslim Caliphates increased the demand for occupations in which literacy was an advantage, the Jews found themselves literate in a world of almost universal illiteracy. From then forward, almost all Jews entered crafts and trade, and many of them began moving in search of business opportunities, creating a worldwide Diaspora in the process.

Oh, Florida!

Author : Craig Pittman
Publisher : St. Martin's Press
Page : 320 pages
File Size : 50,8 Mb
Release : 2016-07-05
Category : Travel
ISBN : 9781466882171

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Oh, Florida! by Craig Pittman Pdf

A New York Times Bestseller Oh, Florida! That name. That combination of sounds. Three simple syllables, and yet packing so many mixed messages. To some people, it’s a paradise. To others, it’s a punch line. As Oh, Florida! shows, it’s both of these and, more important, it’s a Petri dish, producing trends that end up influencing the rest of the country. Without Florida there would be no NASCAR, no Bettie Page pinups, no Glenn Beck radio rants, no USA Today, no “Stand Your Ground,” . . . you get the idea. To outsiders, Florida seems baffling. It’s a state where the voters went for Barack Obama twice, yet elected a Tea Party candidate as governor. Florida is touted as a carefree paradise, yet it’s also known for its perils-alligators, sinkholes, pythons, hurricanes, and sharks, to name a few. It attracts 90 million visitors a year, some drawn by its impressive natural beauty, others bewitched by its manmade fantasies. Oh, Florida! explores those contradictions and shows how they fit together to make this the most interesting state. It is the first book to explore the reasons why Florida is so wild and weird-and why that’s okay. Florida couldn’t be Florida without that sense of the unpredictable, unexpected, and unusual lurking behind every palm tree. But there is far more to Florida than its sideshow freakiness. Oh, Florida! explains how Florida secretly, subtly influences all the other states in the Union, both for good and for ill.

The Mammoth Book Of Weird Records

Author : Jim Theobald
Publisher : Hachette UK
Page : 560 pages
File Size : 48,6 Mb
Release : 2015-09-17
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781472117717

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The Mammoth Book Of Weird Records by Jim Theobald Pdf

Everyone’s heard of Usain Bolt, but how many people know about Dineka Maguire? Like Bolt, the Irish woman is a world record holder but in the rather lesser known sport of bog snorkelling. She is just one of the hundreds of unsung heroes featured in this book chronicling the people who go to bizarre lengths to break world records in the weirdest categories; people who devote hours of intense training to spitting dung, eating cockroaches, sniffing feet or tossing tuna in the hope of one day being recognised as the best in the world. This astonishing compendium of the weirdest, wackiest and most disgusting world records will amuse and astound in equal measure. Entries include: Longest ear hair Fastest marathon while wearing a deep-sea diving suit Fastest bog snorkeller Farthest distance skateboarding by a goat Most bees on body Most milk crates balanced on head Fastest 5-km run while dressed as a penguin and juggling Heaviest airplane pulled with teeth Fastest shopping trolley Longest backwards motorcycle ride Most stairs climbed by bicycle Fastest 30 metres on a scooter by a dog First water-skiing squirrel

Human Rights in Thick and Thin Societies

Author : Seth D. Kaplan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 271 pages
File Size : 52,9 Mb
Release : 2018-08-16
Category : Law
ISBN : 9781108471213

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Human Rights in Thick and Thin Societies by Seth D. Kaplan Pdf

Introduces the idea of a flexible approach to the human rights movement that returns to basics in an increasingly diverse and multipolar world.

The Weirdest People in the World

Author : Carroll B. Colby
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 192 pages
File Size : 53,8 Mb
Release : 1976
Category : Ghost stories
ISBN : OCLC:748453112

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The Weirdest People in the World by Carroll B. Colby Pdf

An interesting book of spooky and thrilling ghost stories.

Fertility and Faith

Author : Philip Jenkins
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 270 pages
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Release : 2020
Category : Religion
ISBN : 148131260X

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Fertility and Faith by Philip Jenkins Pdf

Demography drives religious change. High-fertility societies, like most of contemporary Africa, tend to be fervent and devout. The lower a population's fertility rates, the greater the tendency for people to detach from organized or institutional religion. Thus, fertility rates supply an effective gauge of secularization trends. In Fertility and Faith, Philip Jenkins maps the demographic revolution that has taken hold of many countries around the globe in recent decades and explores the implications for the future development of the world's religions. Demographic change has driven the secularization of contemporary Western Europe, where the revolution began. Jenkins shows how the European trajectory of rapid declines in fertility is now affecting much of the globe. The implications are clear: the religious character of many non-European areas is highly likely to move in the direction of sweeping secularization. And this is now reshaping the United States itself. This demographic revolution is reshaping Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism. In order to accommodate the new social trends, these religions must adapt to situations where large families are no longer the norm. Each religious tradition will develop distinctive emphases concerning morality, gender, and sexuality, as well as the roles of clergy and laity in the faith's institutional structures. Radical change follows great upheaval. The tidal shift is well underway. With Fertility and Faith, Philip Jenkins describes this ongoing phenomenon and envisions our collective religious future.

The Company of Strangers

Author : Paul Seabright
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 334 pages
File Size : 46,5 Mb
Release : 2004
Category : Economics
ISBN : 0691118213

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The Company of Strangers by Paul Seabright Pdf

This is a wonderful book, very well written and accessible to a wide audience.

The Weird

Author : Jeff VanderMeer,Ann VanderMeer
Publisher : Tor Books
Page : 1152 pages
File Size : 49,6 Mb
Release : 2012-01-24
Category : Fiction
ISBN : 9781466803190

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The Weird by Jeff VanderMeer,Ann VanderMeer Pdf

From Lovecraft to Borges to Gaiman, a century of intrepid literary experimentation has created a corpus of dark and strange stories that transcend all known genre boundaries. Together these stories form The Weird, and its practitioners include some of the greatest names in twentieth and twenty-first century literature. Exotic and esoteric, The Weird plunges you into dark domains and brings you face to face with surreal monstrosities. You won't find any elves or wizards here...but you will find the biggest, boldest, and downright most peculiar stories from the last hundred years bound together in the biggest Weird collection ever assembled. The Weird features 110 stories by an all-star cast, from literary legends to international bestsellers to Booker Prize winners: including William Gibson, George R. R. Martin, Stephen King, Angela Carter, Kelly Link, Franz Kafka, China Miéville, Clive Barker, Haruki Murakami, M. R. James, Neil Gaiman, Mervyn Peake, and Michael Chabon. The Weird is the winner of the 2012 World Fantasy Award for Best Anthology At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Theory in Economic Anthropology

Author : Jean Ensminger
Publisher : Rowman Altamira
Page : 340 pages
File Size : 51,6 Mb
Release : 2002
Category : Economic anthropology
ISBN : 0759102066

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Theory in Economic Anthropology by Jean Ensminger Pdf

This new volume from the Society for Economic Anthropology examines the unique contributions of anthropologists to general economic theory. The authors challenge our understanding of human economies in the expanding global systems of interaction, with models and analyses from cross-cultural research. The book will be a valuable resource for anthropologists, economists, economic historians, political economists, and economic development specialists.