Understanding Semiconductors

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Understanding Semiconductors

Author : Corey Richard
Publisher : Apress
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 46,5 Mb
Release : 2022-12-30
Category : Computers
ISBN : 1484288467

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Understanding Semiconductors by Corey Richard Pdf

Gain complete understanding of electronic systems and their constituent parts. From the origins of the semiconductor industry right up until today, this book serves as a technical primer to semiconductor technology. Spanning design and manufacturing to the basic physics of electricity, it provides a comprehensive base of understanding from transistor to iPhone. Melding an accessible, conversational style with over 100 diagrams and illustrations, Understanding Semiconductors provides clear explanations of technical concepts going deep enough to fully explain key vernacular, mechanisms, and basic processes, without getting lost in the supporting theories or the theories that support the supporting theories. Concepts are tethered to the real world with crisp analysis of industry dynamics and future trends. As a break from the straight-ahead scientific concepts that keep the world of semiconductors spinning, Understanding Semiconductors is liberally sprinkled with apt analogies that elucidate difficult concepts. For example, when describing the relationship between voltage, current, power, and the flow of electricity through an electronic system, the book draws a parallel to a hot shower and the water utility system. Most of these are paired with clear visuals, giving you the best chance possible to absorb the concept at hand before moving on to the next topic. Whether you’re narrowly technical or don’t know silicon from silly putty, working directly in hardware technologies and want to know more, or simply a curious person seeking hard information about the technology that powers the modern world, Understanding Semiconductors will be an informative, dependable resource. What You'll Learn: Charge, Electricity, and Basic Physics What are Semiconductors The Semiconductor Value Chain and Design Trade-Offs Transistors and Other Common Circuit Building Blocks Semiconductor Design from Concept to Tapeout Wafer Fabrication and Semiconductor Manufacturing Process Integrated Circuit (IC) Packaging and Signal & Power Integrity (SIPI) Common Circuits and System Components RF and Wireless Technologies System Architecture and Integration The Semiconductor Industry - Challenges, History, and Trends The Future of Semiconductors and Electronic Systems Who This Book Is For: People working directly in the semiconductor, electronics, and hardware technologies fields or in supporting industries, hobbyists and new electrical engineering enthusiasts with minimal technical experience or pre-existing qualifications, and curious individuals interested in learning more about a fascinating area of technology. Though designed for a non- or semi-technical reader, engineers focused in one particular domain can also use this book to broaden their understanding in areas that aren’t directly related to their core area of expertise.

Semiconductor Devices Explained

Author : Ton J. Mouthaan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 360 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 1999
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : UCSD:31822028332872

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Semiconductor Devices Explained by Ton J. Mouthaan Pdf

Offers an innovative and accessible new approach to the teaching of the fundamentals of semiconductor components by exploiting simulation to explain the mechanisms behind current in semiconductor structures. Simulation is a popular tool used by engineers and scientists in device and process research and the accompanying two dimensional process and device simulation software 'MicroTec', enables students to make their own devices and allows the recreation of real performance under varying parameters. There is also an accompanying ftp site containing ICECREAM software (Integrated Circuits and Electronics group Computerized Remedial Education And Mastering) which improves understanding of the physics involved and covers semiconductor physics, junction diodes, silicon bipolar and MOS transistors and photonic devices like LEDs and lasers. Features include: * MicroTec diskette containing a two-dimensional process and device simulator on which the many simulation exercises mentioned in the text can be performed thereby facilitating learning through experimentation * Computer aided education software (accessible vita ftp) featuring question and answer games, which enables students to enhance their understanding of the physics involved and allows lecturers to set assignments * Broad coverage spanning the common devices: pn junctions, metal semiconductor junctions, photocells, lasers, bipolar transistors, and MOS transistors * Discussion of fundamental concepts and technological principles offering the student a valuable grounding in semiconductor physics * Examination of the implications of recent research on small dimensions, reliability problems and breakdown mechanisms. Semiconductor Devices Explained offers a comprehensive new approach to teaching the fundamentals of semiconductor components based on the use of the accompanying process and device simulation software. Simulation is a popular tool used by engineers and scientists in device and process research. It supports the understanding of basic phenomena by linking the theory to hands on applications and real world problems with semiconductor devices. Throughout the text students are encouraged to augment their understanding by undertaking simulations and creating their own devices. The ICECREAM programme (Integrated Circuits and Electronics group Computerized Remedial Education And Mastering) question and answer game leads students through the concepts of common devices and makes learning fun. There is also a self-test element in which a data bank generates questions on the fundamentals of semiconductor junctions enabling students to assess their progress. Larger projects suitable for use as examination assignments are also incorporated. The test package is freely available to lecturers from the author on request. The remedial component of ICECREAM is available from the Wiley ftp site. MicroTec comes on a disk in the back of the book.

Semiconductor Basics

Author : George Domingo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 320 pages
File Size : 46,8 Mb
Release : 2020-08-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781119597117

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Semiconductor Basics by George Domingo Pdf

An accessible guide to how semiconductor electronics work and how they are manufactured, for professionals and interested readers with no electronics engineering background Semiconductor Basics is an accessible guide to how semiconductors work. It is written for readers without an electronic engineering background. Semiconductors are the basis for almost all modern electronic devices. The author—an expert on the topic—explores the fundamental concepts of what a semiconductor is, the different types in use, and how they are different from conductors and insulators. The book has a large number of helpful and illustrative drawings, photos, and figures. The author uses only simple arithmetic to help understand the device operation and applications. The book reviews the key devices that can be constructed using semiconductor materials such as diodes and transistors and all the large electronic systems based on these two component such as computers, memories, LCDs and related technology like Lasers LEDs and infrared detectors. The text also explores integrated circuits and explains how they are fabricated. The author concludes with some projections about what can be expected in the future. This important book: Offers an accessible guide to semiconductors using qualitative explanations and analogies, with minimal mathematics and equations Presents the material in a well-structured and logical format Explores topics from device physics fundamentals to transistor formation and fabrication and the operation of the circuits to build electronic devices and systems Includes information on practical applications of p-n junctions, transistors, and integrated circuits to link theory and practice Written for anyone interested in the technology, working in semiconductor labs or in the semiconductor industry, Semiconductor Basics offers clear explanations about how semiconductors work and its manufacturing process.

Semiconductors and Modern Electronics

Author : Chuck Winrich
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Page : 59 pages
File Size : 54,6 Mb
Release : 2019-11-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781643275901

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Semiconductors and Modern Electronics by Chuck Winrich Pdf

Semiconductors and Modern Electronics is a brief introduction to the physics behind semiconductor technologies. Chuck Winrich, a physics professor at Babson College, explores the topic of semiconductors from a qualitative approach to understanding the theories and models used to explain semiconductor devices. Applications of semiconductors are explored and understood through the models developed in the book. The qualitative approach in this book is intended to bring the advanced ideas behind semiconductors to the broader audience of students who will not major in physics. Much of the inspiration for this book comes from Dr. Winrich's experience teaching a general electronics course to students majoring in business. The goal of that class, and this book, is to bring forward the science behind semiconductors, and then to look at how that science affects the lives of people.

Semiconductor Basics

Author : George Domingo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 341 pages
File Size : 44,8 Mb
Release : 2020-09-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781119702306

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Semiconductor Basics by George Domingo Pdf

An accessible guide to how semiconductor electronics work and how they are manufactured, for professionals and interested readers with no electronics engineering background Semiconductor Basics is an accessible guide to how semiconductors work. It is written for readers without an electronic engineering background. Semiconductors are the basis for almost all modern electronic devices. The author—an expert on the topic—explores the fundamental concepts of what a semiconductor is, the different types in use, and how they are different from conductors and insulators. The book has a large number of helpful and illustrative drawings, photos, and figures. The author uses only simple arithmetic to help understand the device operation and applications. The book reviews the key devices that can be constructed using semiconductor materials such as diodes and transistors and all the large electronic systems based on these two component such as computers, memories, LCDs and related technology like Lasers LEDs and infrared detectors. The text also explores integrated circuits and explains how they are fabricated. The author concludes with some projections about what can be expected in the future. This important book: Offers an accessible guide to semiconductors using qualitative explanations and analogies, with minimal mathematics and equations Presents the material in a well-structured and logical format Explores topics from device physics fundamentals to transistor formation and fabrication and the operation of the circuits to build electronic devices and systems Includes information on practical applications of p-n junctions, transistors, and integrated circuits to link theory and practice Written for anyone interested in the technology, working in semiconductor labs or in the semiconductor industry, Semiconductor Basics offers clear explanations about how semiconductors work and its manufacturing process.

Compound Semiconductors

Author : Ferdinand Scholz
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 294 pages
File Size : 55,9 Mb
Release : 2017-10-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781351858724

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Compound Semiconductors by Ferdinand Scholz Pdf

This book provides an overview of compound semiconductor materials and their technology. After presenting a theoretical background, it describes the relevant material preparation technologies for bulk and thin-layer epitaxial growth. It then briefly discusses the electrical, optical, and structural properties of semiconductors, complemented by a description of the most popular characterization tools, before more complex hetero- and low-dimensional structures are discussed. A special chapter is devoted to GaN and related materials, owing to their huge importance in modern optoelectronic and electronic devices, on the one hand, and their particular properties compared to other compound semiconductors, on the other. In the last part of the book, the physics and functionality of optoelectronic and electronic device structures (LEDs, laser diodes, solar cells, field-effect and heterojunction bipolar transistors) are discussed on the basis of the specific properties of compound semiconductors presented in the preceding chapters of the book. Compound semiconductors form the back-bone of all opto-electronic and electronic devices besides the classical Si electronics. Currently the most important field is solid state lighting with highly efficient LEDs emitting visible light. Also laser diodes of all wavelength ranges between mid-infrared and near ultraviolet have been the enabler for a huge number of unprecedented applications like CDs and DVDs for entertainment and data storage, not to speak about the internet, which would be impossible without optical data communications with infrared laser diodes as key elements. This book provides a concise overview over this class of materials, including the most important technological aspects for their fabrication and characterisation, also covering the most relevant devices based on compound semiconductors. It presents therefore an excellent introduction into this subject not only for students, but also for engineers and scientist who intend to put their focus on this field of science.

The Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 1992-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 0080864333

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The Spectroscopy of Semiconductors by Anonim Pdf

Spectroscopic techniques are among the most powerful characterization methods used to study semiconductors. This volume presents reviews of a number of major spectroscopic techniques used to investigate bulk and artificially structured semiconductors including: photoluminescence, photo-reflectance, inelastic light scattering, magneto-optics, ultrafast work, piezo-spectroscopy methods, and spectroscopy at extremely low temperatures and high magnetic fields. Emphasis is given to major semiconductor systems, and artificially structured materials such as GaAs, InSb, Hg1-xCdxTe and MBE grown structures based upon GaAs/AlGaAs materials. Both the spectroscopic novice and the expert will benefit from the descriptions and discussions of the methods, principles, and applications relevant to today's semiconductor structures. Key Features * Discusses the latest advances in spectroscopic techniques used to investigate bulk and artificially structured semiconductors * Features detailed review articles which cover basic principles * Highlights specific applications such as the use of laser spectroscopy for the characterization of GaAs quantum well structures

Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors

Author : J.D. Chadi,W.A. Harrison
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 1580 pages
File Size : 45,8 Mb
Release : 2013-12-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781461576822

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Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors by J.D. Chadi,W.A. Harrison Pdf

The Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors are contained in this volume. A record 1050 scientists from 40 countries participated in the Conference which was held in San Francisco August 6·1 0, 1984. The Conference was organized by the ICPS Committee and sponsored by the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics and other professional, government, and industrial organizations listed on the following pages. Papers representing progress in all aspects of semiconductor physics were presented. Far more abstracts (765) than could be presented in a five-day meeting were considered by the International Program Committee. A total of 350 papers, consisting of 5 plenary, 35 invited, and 310 contributed, were presented at the Conference in either oral or poster sessions. All but a few of the papers were submitted and have been included in these Proceedings. An interesting shift in subject matter, in comparison with earlier Conferences, is manifested by the large number of papers on surfaces, interfaces, and quantum wells. To facilitate the use of the Proceedings in finding closely related papers among the sometimes relatively large number of contributions within a main subject area, we chose not to arrange the papers strictly according to the Conference schedule. We have organized the book, as can be seen from the Contents, into specific subcategories and subdivisions within each major category. Plenary and invited papers have been placed together with the appropriate contributed papers.

The Story of Semiconductors

Author : John W. Orton
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Page : 528 pages
File Size : 41,8 Mb
Release : 2008-12-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9780191565441

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The Story of Semiconductors by John W. Orton Pdf

The book provides an overview of the fascinating spectrum of semiconductor physics, devices and applications, presented from a historical perspective. It covers the development of the subject from its inception in the early nineteenth century to the recent millennium. Written in a lively, informal style, it emphasizes the interaction between pure scientific push and commercial pull, on the one hand, and between basic physics, materials, and devices, on the other. It also sets the various device developments in the context of systems requirements and explains how such developments met wide ranging consumer demands. It is written so as to appeal to students at all levels in physics, electrical engineering, and materials science, to teachers, lecturers, and professionals working in the field, as well as to a non-specialist scientific readership.

SEM Microcharacterization of Semiconductors

Author : D. B. Holt,D. C. Joy
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 452 pages
File Size : 48,5 Mb
Release : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781483288673

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SEM Microcharacterization of Semiconductors by D. B. Holt,D. C. Joy Pdf

Applications of SEM techniques of microcharacterization have proliferated to cover every type of material and virtually every branch of science and technology. This book emphasizes the fundamental physical principles. The first section deals with the foundation of microcharacterization in electron beam instruments and the second deals with the interpretation of the information obtained in the main operating modes of a scanning electron microscope.

Metal Oxide Semiconductors

Author : Zhigang Zang,Wensi Cai,Yong Zhou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 293 pages
File Size : 45,8 Mb
Release : 2023-11-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783527842568

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Metal Oxide Semiconductors by Zhigang Zang,Wensi Cai,Yong Zhou Pdf

Metal Oxide Semiconductors Up-to-date resource highlighting highlights emerging applications of metal oxide semiconductors in various areas and current challenges and directions in commercialization Metal Oxide Semiconductors provides a current understanding of oxide semiconductors, covering fundamentals, synthesizing methods, and applications in diodes, thin-film transistors, gas sensors, solar cells, and more. The text presents state-of-the-art information along with fundamental prerequisites for understanding and discusses the current challenges in pursuing commercialization and future directions of this field. Despite rapid advancements in the materials science and device physics of oxide semiconductors over the past decade, the understanding of science and technology in this field remains incomplete due to its relatively short research history; this book aims to bridge the gap between the rapidly advancing research progress in this field and the demand for relevant materials and devices by researchers, engineers, and students. Written by three highly qualified authors, Metal Oxide Semiconductors discusses sample topics such as: Fabrication techniques and principles, covering vacuum-based methods, including sputtering, atomic layer deposition and evaporation, and solution-based methods Fundamentals, progresses, and potentials of p–n heterojunction diodes, Schottky diodes, metal-insulator-semiconductor diodes, and self-switching diodes Applications in thin-film transistors, detailing the current progresses and challenges towards commercialization for n-type TFTs, p-type TFTs, and circuits Detailed discussions on the working mechanisms and representative devices of oxide-based gas sensors, pressure sensors, and PH sensors Applications in optoelectronics, both in solar cells and ultraviolet photodetectors, covering their parameters, materials, and performance Memory applications, including resistive random-access memory, transistor-structured memory devices, transistor-structured artificial synapse, and optical memory transistors A comprehensive monograph covering all aspects of oxide semiconductors, Metal Oxide Semiconductors is an essential resource for materials scientists, electronics engineers, semiconductor physicists, and professionals in the semiconductor and sensor industries who wish to understand all modern developments that have been made in the field.

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author : Jagdeep Shah
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 536 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2013-11-21
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783662037706

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Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures by Jagdeep Shah Pdf

Ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures is currently one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed-matter physics. Remarkable recent progress in the generation of tunable femtosecond pulses has allowed direct investigation of the most fundamental dynamical processes in semiconductors. This second edition presents the most striking recent advances in the techniques of ultrashort pulse generation and ultrafast spectroscopy; it discusses the physics of relaxation, tunneling and transport dynamics in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures following excitation by femtosecond laser pulses.

An Introduction to the Physics and Electrochemistry of Semiconductors

Author : Maheshwar Sharon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 352 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 2016-09-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781119274346

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An Introduction to the Physics and Electrochemistry of Semiconductors by Maheshwar Sharon Pdf

This book has been designed as a result of the author’s teaching experiences; students in the courses came from various disciplines and it was very difficult to prescribe a suitable textbook, not because there are no books on these topics, but because they are either too exhaustive or very elementary. This book, therefore, includes only relevant topics in the fundamentals of the physics of semiconductors and of electrochemistry needed for understanding the intricacy of the subject of photovoltaic solar cells and photoelectrochemical (PEC) solar cells. The book provides the basic concepts of semiconductors, p:n junctions, PEC solar cells, electrochemistry of semiconductors, and photochromism. Researchers, engineers and students engaged in researching/teaching PEC cells or knowledge of our sun, its energy, and its distribution to the earth will find essential topics such as the physics of semiconductors, the electrochemistry of semiconductors, p:n junctions, Schottky junctions, the concept of Fermi energy, and photochromism and its industrial applications. "The topics in this book are explained with clear illustration and indispensable terminology. It covers both fundamental and advanced topics in photoelectrochemistry and I believe that the content presented in this monograph will be a resource in the development of both academic and industrial research". —Professor Akira Fujishima, President, Tokyo University of Science, and Director, Photocatalysis International Research Center, Tokyo University of Science, Japan

Semiconductors

Author : Grace Murphy
Publisher : Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
Page : 130 pages
File Size : 42,7 Mb
Release : 2017-07-15
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN : 9781502628725

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Semiconductors by Grace Murphy Pdf

The discovery of electricity fundamentally changed day-to-day life. Yet after electricity's discovery, scientists worked to find the best way to harness electrical currents. Today, semiconductors are known as the key components of transistors and integrated circuits. Semiconductors shows how Michael Faraday paved the way for three men (John Bardeen, William Shockley, and Walter Brattain) to invent transistors, changing history forever. The book investigates semiconductors' role in cutting edge technology and explains how semiconductors work through diagrams and full-color photos.

III-Nitride Semiconductors: Electrical, Structural and Defects Properties

Author : M.O. Manasreh
Publisher : Elsevier
Page : 464 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2000-12-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 0080534449

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III-Nitride Semiconductors: Electrical, Structural and Defects Properties by M.O. Manasreh Pdf

Research advances in III-nitride semiconductor materials and device have led to an exponential increase in activity directed towards electronic and optoelectronic applications. There is also great scientific interest in this class of materials because they appear to form the first semiconductor system in which extended defects do not severely affect the optical properties of devices. The volume consists of chapters written by a number of leading researchers in nitride materials and device technology with the emphasis on the dopants incorporations, impurities identifications, defects engineering, defects characterization, ion implantation, irradiation-induced defects, residual stress, structural defects and phonon confinement. This unique volume provides a comprehensive review and introduction of defects and structural properties of GaN and related compounds for newcomers to the field and stimulus to further advances for experienced researchers. Given the current level of interest and research activity directed towards nitride materials and devices, the publication of the volume is particularly timely. Early pioneering work by Pankove and co-workers in the 1970s yielded a metal-insulator-semiconductor GaN light-emitting diode (LED), but the difficulty of producing p-type GaN precluded much further effort. The current level of activity in nitride semiconductors was inspired largely by the results of Akasaki and co-workers and of Nakamura and co-workers in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the development of p-type doping in GaN and the demonstration of nitride-based LEDs at visible wavelengths. These advances were followed by the successful fabrication and commercialization of nitride blue laser diodes by Nakamura et al at Nichia. The chapters contained in this volume constitutes a mere sampling of the broad range of research on nitride semiconductor materials and defect issues currently being pursued in academic, government, and industrial laboratories worldwide.