Friction Ridge Skin

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Friction Ridge Skin

Author : James F. Cowger
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 236 pages
File Size : 52,7 Mb
Release : 2020-07-24
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781000151787

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Friction Ridge Skin by James F. Cowger Pdf

Here is a complete guide to the collection, classification, and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and nonidentity. It discusses: the cause and significance of variations in prints; the importance of class characteristics in print; the application of probability in decision making; and photographic techniques and considerations.

Friction Ridge Skin

Author : James F. Cowger
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 236 pages
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Release : 1992-09-18
Category : Law
ISBN : 084939502X

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Friction Ridge Skin by James F. Cowger Pdf

Here is a complete guide to the collection, classification, and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and nonidentity. It discusses: the cause and significance of variations in prints; the importance of class characteristics in print; the application of probability in decision making; and photographic techniques and considerations.

Friction Ridge Skin

Author : James F. Cowger
Publisher : Science and Behavior Books
Page : 240 pages
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Release : 1983
Category : Crime and criminals
ISBN : PSU:000022521521

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Friction Ridge Skin by James F. Cowger Pdf

A complete guide to the collection, classification and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and non-identity. The book is aimed at members of the International Association for Identification and forensic pathologists.

Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions

Author : Christophe Champod,Chris J. Lennard,Pierre Margot,Milutin Stoilovic
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 428 pages
File Size : 48,9 Mb
Release : 2017-12-19
Category : Law
ISBN : 9781498728959

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Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions by Christophe Champod,Chris J. Lennard,Pierre Margot,Milutin Stoilovic Pdf

Since its publication, the first edition of Fingerprints and Other Ridge Skin Impressions has become a classic in the field. This second edition is completely updated, focusing on the latest technology and techniques—including current detection procedures, applicable processing and analysis methods—all while incorporating the expansive growth of literature on the topic since the publication of the original edition. Forensic science has been challenged in recent years as a result of errors, courts and other scientists contesting verdicts, and changes of a fundamental nature related to previous claims of infallibility and absolute individualization. As such, these factors represent a fundamental change in the way training, identifying, and reporting should be conducted. This book addresses these questions with a clear viewpoint as to where the profession—and ridge skin identification in particular—must go and what efforts and research will help develop the field over the next several years. The second edition introduces several new topics, including Discussion of ACE-V and research results from ACE-V studies Computerized marking systems to help examiners produce reports New probabilistic models and decision theories about ridge skin evidence interpretation, introducing Bayesnet tools Fundamental understanding of ridge mark detection techniques, with the introduction of new aspects such as nanotechnology, immunology and hyperspectral imaging Overview of reagent preparation and application Chapters cover all aspects of the subject, including the formation of friction ridges on the skin, the deposition of latent marks, ridge skin mark identification, the detection and enhancement of such marks, as well the recording of fingerprint evidence. The book serves as an essential reference for practitioners working in the field of fingermark detection and identification, as well as legal and police professionals and anyone studying forensic science with a view to understanding current thoughts and challenges in dactyloscopy.

Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis

Author : David R. Ashbaugh
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 248 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 1999-10-27
Category : Law
ISBN : 9781420048810

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Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis by David R. Ashbaugh Pdf

A thumb print left at the scene of a grisly murder. Fingerprints taken from a getaway car used in a bank robbery. A palm print recovered from the shattered glass door of a burglarized home. Indeed, where crimes are committed, careless perpetrators will invariably leave behind the critical pieces of evidence—most likely in the form of fingerprints—needed to catch and convict them. But the science of fingerprint identification isn’t always as cut and dry as detective novels and movies make it out to be. Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis, a new book in the ongoing Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations series, examines the latest methods and techniques in the science of friction ridge identification, or ridgeology. David R. Ashbaugh examines every facet of the discipline, from the history of friction ridge identification and its earliest pioneers and researchers, to the scientific basis and the various steps of the identification process. The structure and growth of friction skin and how it can leave latent or visible prints are examined, as well as advanced identification methods in ridgeology, including Poroscopy, Edgeoscopy, Pressure Distortion and Complex or Problem Print Analysis. The book, which features several detailed illustrations and photographs, also includes a new method for Palmar Flexion Crease Identification (palm lines) designed by the author and which has helped solve several criminal cases where fingerprints were not available. For crime scene technicians, forensic identification specialists, or anyone else pursuing a career in forensic science, this book is arguably the definitive source in the science of friction ridge identification.

Encyclopedia of Biometrics

Author : Stan Z. Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 1466 pages
File Size : 53,5 Mb
Release : 2009-08-27
Category : Computers
ISBN : 9780387730028

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Encyclopedia of Biometrics by Stan Z. Li Pdf

With an A–Z format, this encyclopedia provides easy access to relevant information on all aspects of biometrics. It features approximately 250 overview entries and 800 definitional entries. Each entry includes a definition, key words, list of synonyms, list of related entries, illustration(s), applications, and a bibliography. Most entries include useful literature references providing the reader with a portal to more detailed information.

The Fingerprint

Author : U. S. Department Justice
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 2014-08-02
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 150067415X

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The Fingerprint by U. S. Department Justice Pdf

The idea of The Fingerprint Sourcebook originated during a meeting in April 2002. Individuals representing the fingerprint, academic, and scientific communities met in Chicago, Illinois, for a day and a half to discuss the state of fingerprint identification with a view toward the challenges raised by Daubert issues. The meeting was a joint project between the International Association for Identification (IAI) and West Virginia University (WVU). One recommendation that came out of that meeting was a suggestion to create a sourcebook for friction ridge examiners, that is, a single source of researched information regarding the subject. This sourcebook would provide educational, training, and research information for the international scientific community.

Latent Print Processing Guide

Author : Stephen P. Kasper
Publisher : Academic Press
Page : 202 pages
File Size : 46,5 Mb
Release : 2015-12-28
Category : Law
ISBN : 9780128035436

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Latent Print Processing Guide by Stephen P. Kasper Pdf

Latent prints are chance or accidental impressions left by friction-ridge skin on a surface, regardless of whether they are visible or invisible at the time of deposition. Recognition of evidence that may contain fingerprints and the processes that can develop these latent prints is crucial in preventing valuable evidence from being left undetected. Latent Print Processing Guide goes beyond the basic police training, covering latent prints in detail and providing first responders with adequate training and guidelines. To process latent prints, examiners use various techniques including electronic, chemical, cyanoacrylate, and physical methods. Latent Print Processing Guide offers a broad understanding of latent print detection, development, and recovery, including insights on stateof-the-art technologies. Includes history of latent print identification and some of the pioneers and their contributions. Defines the differences between chemical and physical processes and explains process sequence protocols and recovery methods for different types of evidence. Chapters include: process selection, application and recovery, special considerations for specific materials, protocol sequence and process formulas, including required materials, application method, expected results, safety measures, and references. The text is written so that non-crime scene or non-crime laboratory personnel can also gain valuable information from it.

Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains

Author : Marzena Mulawka
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 222 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2014-09-25
Category : Law
ISBN : 9781317521945

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Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains by Marzena Mulawka Pdf

Fingerprint identification is the most efficient, rapid, and cost-effective forensic identification modality. Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains is a consolidated and thorough guide to the recovery, identification, and management of unidentified postmortem fingerprint records - topics from postmortem fingerprint processing to database submission and case management are discussed. Additionally, a postmortem processing workflow is described, which delineates various basic and advanced fingerprint recovery techniques used to acquire examination-quality records. Furthermore, Postmortem Fingerprinting and Unidentified Human Remains discusses the complexity of antemortem fingerprint databases and how to access each database for humanitarian purposes, bringing a modern value perspective to the topic.

Latent Fingerprint Examination

Author : Eva Accursio
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Page : 0 pages
File Size : 45,6 Mb
Release : 2014
Category : Fingerprints
ISBN : 163117892X

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Latent Fingerprint Examination by Eva Accursio Pdf

Fingerprints have provided a valuable method of personal identification in forensic science and criminal investigations for over 100 years. Fingerprints left at crime scenes generally are latent prints -- unintentional reproductions of the arrangement of ridges on the skin made by the transfer of materials (such as amino acids, proteins, polypeptides, and salts) to a surface. Palms and the soles of feet also have friction ridge skin that can leave latent prints. The examination of a latent print consists of a series of steps involving a comparison of the latent print to a known (or exemplar) print. Courts have accepted latent print evidence for the past century. However, several high-profile cases in the United States and abroad have highlighted the fact that human errors can occur, and litigation and expressions of concern over the evidentiary reliability of latent print examinations and other forensic identification procedures has increased in the last decade. This book discusses latent print examinations in detail, and provides methods to improving the practice through a systems approach.

The Origin of Finger-Printing

Author : William James Herschel
Publisher : DigiCat
Page : 44 pages
File Size : 49,6 Mb
Release : 2022-11-22
Category : Fiction
ISBN : EAN:8596547414049

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The Origin of Finger-Printing by William James Herschel Pdf

This work presents a concise record of the origin of the fingerprint method of personal identification, from its discovery in Bengal in 1858 to its public demonstration there in 1877. The writer William James Herschel is credited with being the first European to notice the value of fingerprints for identification. He advocated that fingerprints were unique and permanent, documenting his own fingerprints over his lifetime to ascertain permanence.

The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice

Author : Ashraf Mozayani,Carla Noziglia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 604 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2010-12-14
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781607618720

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The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice by Ashraf Mozayani,Carla Noziglia Pdf

Forensic science has come a long way in the past ten years. It is much more in-depth and much broader in scope, and the information gleaned from any evidence yields so much more information than it had in the past because of incredible advances in analytic instruments and crucial procedures at both the crime scene and in the lab. Many practices have gone digital, a concept not even fathomed ten years ago. And from the first collection of evidence to its lab analysis and interpretation to its final presentation in court, ethics has become an overriding guiding principle. That’s why this new edition of this classic handbook is indispensable. The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice includes thirteen new chapters written by real-life practitioners who are experts in the field. It covers the tried and true topics of fingerprints, trace evidence, chemistry, biology, explosives and arson, forensic anthropology, forensic pathology, forensic documents, firearms and toolmarks. This text also addresses an array of new topics including accreditation, certification, ethics, and how insects and bugs can assist in determining many facts including a margin of time of death. In the attempt to offer a complete and comprehensive analysis The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice also includes a chapter discussing the design of a laboratory. In addition, each chapter contains educational requirements needed for the discipline it covers. Complete with questions at the end of each chapter, brief author bios and real crime scene photos, this text has risen to greet the many new challenges and issues that face today’s forensic crime practitioners.

Dactylography

Author : Henry Faulds
Publisher : Litres
Page : 138 pages
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Release : 2021-12-02
Category : Fiction
ISBN : 9785040830138

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Dactylography by Henry Faulds Pdf

Fingerprints

Author : Mark R. Hawthorne,Sharon Plotkin,Bracey-Ann Douglas
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 178 pages
File Size : 49,6 Mb
Release : 2021-02
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 1003037364

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Fingerprints by Mark R. Hawthorne,Sharon Plotkin,Bracey-Ann Douglas Pdf

Fingerprints: Processing, Analysis, and Understanding the Science, Second Edition is a thorough update of Mark Hawthorne's classic written by two professionals with combined experience not only in crime scene investigations but also as court recognized expert in latent print examination. Designed as a concise text to cover the fundamental techniques and principles of obtaining and analyzing latent fingerprint evidence, the book is laid out and written in an easy to understand format for those front-line professionals collecting and analyzing fingerprint evidence. Over time, the degree of sophistication and education on fingerprints and friction ridge analysis has increased. Ultimately, through scientific study by pioneers in the field, the composition of the friction skin soon became evident: that it could be used as a unique identifier of individuals. Now, fingerprints and footprints as unique identifiers--and their use in criminal cases--have become commonplace and an essential component of criminal investigation with most cases involving some component of fingerprint evidence. Divided into two parts, the book begins with the basics of analysis, providing a brief history, systematic methods of identification, fingerprint pattern types and their associated terminologies and current classifications. The second section covers the identification and presentation of evidence in the courtroom, demonstrating both the traditional, manual method of lifting prints and the newer techniques for automated and live scans. Coverage provides instruction on searching and developing latent prints, storage, and comparison of prints. New to this edition are updated techniques on collecting and preserving fingerprint evidence--including packaging and maintaining chain of custody. More detailed documentation processes, and additional chemical and lifting techniques, are covered including use of light sources, latent backing cards and lifting material, casting material, ten print cards, and the enhancement of prints in blood. Coverage also includes a discussion of laboratory equipment and comparison tools, the addition of photography techniques, and recent courtroom challenges to fingerprint evidence. Fingerprints, Second Edition will provide a hands-on, fresh look at the most commonly utilized evidence found at crime scenes: fingerprints. The book will provide law enforcement, crime scene personnel and students just such an opportunity to easily understand and grasp the concepts, and relevant issues, associated with friction skin and fingerprint evidence.

Scott's Fingerprint Mechanics

Author : Robert D. Olsen, Sr.
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 480 pages
File Size : 41,6 Mb
Release : 1978-08-01
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 0398063087

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Scott's Fingerprint Mechanics by Robert D. Olsen, Sr. Pdf