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Remembrances of the Dead - Graveyard Art & Symbolism by Gary R. Varner Pdf
Perhaps some of our most mysterious, impressive and artistic symbolism can be found in our cemeteries. Ancient pagan, classical Greek and Roman, and the eternal symbols of hope, love and despair appear in many of our older places of rest. This book looks at the art, history and meaning of pre-twentieth century grave markers and tombs in the United States, from Nova Scotia and Maine to South Carolina and California. Illustrated with over seventy photographs.
Rhetoric, Remembrance, and Visual Form by Anne Teresa Demo,Bradford Vivian Pdf
This volume offers a multifaceted investigation of intersections among visual and memorial forms in modern art, politics, and society. The question of the relationships among images and memory is particularly relevant to contemporary society, at a time when visually-based technologies are increasingly employed in both grand and modest efforts to preserve the past amid rapid social change. The chapters in this book provide valuable insights concerning not only how memories may be seen (or sighted) in visual form but also how visual forms constitute noteworthy material sites of memory. The collection addresses this central theme with a wealth of interdisciplinary and international approaches, featuring conventional scholarly as well as artistic works from such disciplines as rhetoric and communication, art and art history, architecture, landscape studies, and more, by contributors from around the globe.
The Arts of Remembrance in Early Modern England by Andrew Gordon,Thomas Rist Pdf
The early modern period inherited a deeply-ingrained culture of Christian remembrance that proved a platform for creativity in a remarkable variety of forms. From the literature of church ritual to the construction of monuments; from portraiture to the arrangement of domestic interiors; from the development of textual rites to drama of the contemporary stage, the early modern world practiced 'arts of remembrance' at every turn. The turmoils of the Reformation and its aftermath transformed the habits of creating through remembrance. Ritually observed and radically reinvented, remembrance was a focal point of the early modern cultural imagination for an age when beliefs both crossed and divided communities of the faithful. The Arts of Remembrance in Early Modern England maps the new terrain of remembrance in the post-Reformation period, charting its negotiations with the material, the textual and the performative.
"No soldier could ask for a sweeter resting place than on the field of glory where he fell. The land he died to save vies with the one which gave him birth in paying tribute to his memory, and the kindly hands which so often come to spread flowers upon his earthly coverlet express in their gentle task a personal affection." -- General John J. Pershing To remember and honor the memory of the American soldiers who fought and died in foreign wars during the past hundred years, the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) was established. Since the agency was founded in 1923, its sole purpose has been to commemorate the soldiers' service and the causes for which their lives were given. The twenty-five overseas cemeteries honoring 139,000 combat dead and the memorials honoring the 60,314 fallen soldiers with no known graves are among the most beautiful and meticulously maintained shrines in the world. In the first comprehensive study of the ABMC, Thomas H. Conner traces how the agency came to be created by Congress in the aftermath of World War I, how the cemeteries and monuments the agency built were designed and their locations chosen, and how the commemorative sites have become important "outposts of remembrance" on foreign soil. War and Remembrance powerfully demonstrates that these monuments -- living sites that embody the role Americans played in the defense of freedom far from their own shores -- assist in understanding the interconnections of memory and history and serve as an inspiration to later generations.
Displaying Death and Animating Life by Jane Desmond Pdf
The day isn t far off when no college student can graduate without having given serious thought to our relations with animals, and to how to make our relations with animals less detrimental for them. Animal studies, clearly, is a burgeoning field. Jane Desmond has been a pioneer in the field for years, conducting research onsite at major museums, taxidermy conventions, pet cemeteries, a professional conference for pet obituary writers, attending primatology meetings, and many behind-the-scenes visits to zoos as well as hands-on work with veterinary medicine, in which she has recently earned a degree. In this book, we accompany the author as she meets Kanzi the bonobo, watches an elephant paint, attends a weeklong training session on how to enrich the lives of animals in confinement, and helps prepare animal-made art for auction. Desmond focuses on the ways we relate to animals that underscore and highlight real animals with real individuality, and with their own subjectivities. The book plunges us into the world of museums (taxidermy), of pet cemeteries, of animal obituaries, of mourning and not mourning (including roadkill as objects), and also of art markets in animal-generated art. She is committed to preserving and informing our sense of (once) living, breathing, sweaty, noisy, moving animals active on the page. This is the inaugural volume in our new Animal Lives series, of which Desmond is the Directing Editor. This book beautifully exemplifies the series goal of bridging disciplines and reaching across divisions among the humanities and social sciences to chart new territories of investigation. "
Social Perspectives on Death and Dying by Jeanette A. Auger Pdf
Death is inevitable, but our perspectives about death and dying are socially constructed. This updated third edition takes us through the maze of issues, both social and personal, which surround death and dying in Canada. Topics include euthanasia and medically assisted death, palliative care and hospices, the high incidence of opioid deaths, the impact of cyber bullying in suicide deaths, the sociology of hiv/aids, funeral and burial practices, the high rates of suicide in Canada and dealing with grief and bereavement, among others. Additionally, Auger explores alternative methods for helping dying persons and their loved ones deal with death in a holistic, patient-centred way. Each chapter includes suggested readings, discussion questions and in-class assignments.
Archaeologies of Remembrance by Howard Williams Pdf
How did past communities and individuals remember through social and ritual practices? How important were mortuary practices in processes of remembering and forgetting the past? This innovative new research work focuses upon identifying strategies of remembrance. Evidence can be found in a range of archaeological remains including the adornment and alteration of the body in life and death, the production, exchange, consumption and destruction of material culture, the construction, use and reuse of monuments, and the social ordering of architectural space and the landscape. This book shows how in the past, as today, shared memories are important and defining aspects of social and ritual traditions, and the practical actions of dealing with and disposing of the dead can form a central focus for the definition of social memory.
Forced Confrontation by Christopher E. Mauriello Pdf
This study examines how the US military forced German civilians to witness Nazi atrocity sites, publicly carry and display the victims’ dead bodies, and perform ritualized reburials. The author argues that these forced confrontations represented the politicization of dead bodies to indicate the collective guilt of German civilians.
Ashes, Images, and Memories by Nathan T. Arrington Pdf
This study argues that the institution of public burial for the war dead and images of the deceased in civic and sacred spaces fundamentally changed how people conceived of military casualties. In a period characterized by war and the threat of civil strife, the nascent democracy claimed the fallen for the city and commemorated them with rituals and images that shaped a civic ideology of struggle and self-sacrifice on behalf of a unified community
Though the institution of the Gulag was nominally closed over half a decade ago, it lives on as an often hotly contested site of memory in the post-socialist era. This ethnographic study takes a holistic, comprehensive approach to understanding memories of the Gulag, and particularly the language of commemoration that surrounds it in present-day Russian society. It focuses on four regions of particular historical significance—the Solovetsky Islands, the Komi Republic, the Perm region, and Kolyma—to carefully explore how memories become a social phenomenon, how objects become heritage, and how the human need to create sites of memory has preserved the Gulag in specific ways today.
Discovering Quacks, Utopias, and Cemeteries by Cynthia Williams Resor Pdf
Discovering Quacks, Utopias, and Cemeteries: Modern Lessons from Historical Themesexplores two enduring issues – our age-old pursuit of better lives and how the media impacts our choices. In this unique approach to social history, each chapter opens with essential questions asking the reader to consider these issues in historical and modern life.
Personal and yet utterly universal, inevitable and yet unknowable, death has been a dominant theme in all cultures, since earliest times. Different societies address death and the act of dying in culturally diverse ways; yet, remarkably, across the span of several millennia, we can recognize in the customs of ancient Greece and Rome ceremonies and rituals that have enduring present-day resonance. For example, preparing the corpse of the deceased, holding a memorial service, the practice of cremation and of burial in 'resting places' are all liminal processes that can trace their origin to ancient practices. Such rites - described by Cicero and Herodotus, among others - have defined traditional modern funerals. Yet of late there has been a shift away from classical ritual and sombre memorialization as the dead are transformed into spectacles. Ad hoc roadside shrines, 'virtual' burials, online guest-books and even jazz memorial processions and firework displays have come to the fore as new modes of marking, even celebrating, bereavement. What is causing this change, and how do urbanisation, economic factors and the rise of individualism play a part? Mario Erasmo creatively explores the nexus between classical and contemporary approaches to dying, death and interment. From theme funerals in St Louis to Etruscan sarcophagi, he offers a rich and insightful discussion of finitude across the ages.