Non Equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 49,7 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360623

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta Pdf

This volume contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. It deals with topics such as evaporation, structual rheology, and active matter.

Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 45,6 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839162299

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone Pdf

This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments.

Soft and Fragile Matter

Author : Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 956 pages
File Size : 49,5 Mb
Release : 2000-01-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 1420033514

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Soft and Fragile Matter by Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans Pdf

Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders. Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Springer
Page : 300 pages
File Size : 52,7 Mb
Release : 2015-08-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319219486

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book deals with those properties of non-equilibrium soft matter that deviate greatly from the bulk properties as a result of nanoscale confinement.The ultimate physical origin of these confinement effects is not yet fully understood. At the state of the art, the discussion on confinement effects focuses on equilibrium properties, finite size effects and interfacial interactions. However this is a limited vision which does not fully capture the peculiar behaviour of soft matter under confinement and some exotic phenomena that are displayed. This volume will be organized in the following three main themes. Equilibration and physical aging: treating non-equilibrium via the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, we analyse physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer. We then focus on the impact of nanoconfinement on the equilibration of glasses of soft matter (a process of tremendous technological interest, commonly known as physical aging), comparing the latest trends of polymers in experiments, simulations with those of low-molecular weight glass formers. Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. Recent experimental evidence show a strong correlation between the behaviour of polymers under confinement and the presence of a layer irreversibly adsorbed onto the substrate. This correlation hints at the possibility to tailor the properties of ultrathin films by controlling the adsorption kinetics. The book reports physical aspects of irreversible chain adsorption, such as the dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. Glass transition and material properties: this section of the book focuses on the spread of absolute values in materials properties of confined systems, when measured by different experimental and computation techniques and a new method to quantify the effects of confinement in thin films and nanocomposites independently on the investigation procedure will be presented.

Lectures On The Non-equilibrium Theory Of Condensed Matter (Second Edition)

Author : Ladislaus Alexander Banyai
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 283 pages
File Size : 50,7 Mb
Release : 2020-07-30
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789811223822

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Lectures On The Non-equilibrium Theory Of Condensed Matter (Second Edition) by Ladislaus Alexander Banyai Pdf

This book discusses in depth many of the key problems in non-equilibrium physics. Besides the standard subjects (Boltzmann and Master equations, linear response) it includes several new important subjects as well. The origin of macroscopic irreversible (dissipative) behavior receives an extended attention and is illustrated in the framework of solvable classical models of open systems (Chapter 3). The scaling relationship between the kinetic and hydrodynamical levels is described in Chapter 9. The QED of charged non-relativistic particles and its restriction to the states without photons to order 1/c² leading to the current-current magnetic interaction is discussed in some depth in Chapters 14 and 15. Bose-Einstein condensation in real time within the frame of rate equations, as well as soliton-like solutions of the non-linear Gross-Pitaevskii equation are discussed in Chapter 22. The presentation also includes the latest developments — quantum kinetics — related to modern ultrafast spectroscopy (Chapters 23-30).This second edition was improved, restructured, and enriched with new results from the recent papers of the author. Chapter 3 was largely extended and Chapters 14 and 15 are completely new. Chapter 22 has a new Section. Several new useful figures were added throughout the book as well.

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 42,8 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360630

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura Pdf

Soft matter is a concept which covers polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphiphilic molecules, glasses, granular and biological materials. One of the fundamental characteristic features of soft matter is that it exhibits various mesoscopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedom of each molecule. Due to such intermediate structures, soft matter can easily be brought into non-equilibrium states and cause non-linear responses by imposing external fields such as an electric field, a mechanical stress or a shear flow. Volume 4 of the series in Soft Condensed Matter focuses on the non-linear and non-equilibrium properties of soft matter. It contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. The topics dealt with in this volume includes rheology of polymers and liquid crystals, dynamical properties of Langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface, hydrodynamics of membranes and twisted filaments as well as dynamics of deformable self-propelled particles and migration of biological cells. This book serves both as an introduction to students as well as a useful reference to researchers.

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows

Author : Roberto Mauri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 272 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2012-11-08
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789400754614

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Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows by Roberto Mauri Pdf

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a general framework that allows the macroscopic description of irreversible processes. This book introduces non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to the rheology of multiphase flows. The subject is relevant to graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering, physics and material science. This book is divided into two parts. The first part presents the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, reviewing its essential features and showing, when possible, some applications. The second part of this book deals with how the general theory can be applied to model multiphase flows and, in particular, how to determine their constitutive relations. Each chapter contains problems at the end, the solutions of which are given at the end of the book. No prior knowledge of statistical mechanics is required; the necessary prerequisites are elements of transport phenomena and on thermodynamics. “The style of the book is mathematical, but nonetheless it remains very readable and anchored in the physical world rather than becoming too abstract. Though it is up-to-date and includes recent important developments, there is a lot of classical material in the book, albeit presented with unprecedented clarity and coherence. The first six chapters are actually a very good introduction to the theory underlying many phenomena in soft matter physics, beyond the focus on flow and transport of the later chapters of the book.” Prof Richard A.L. Jones FRS, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Innovation, University of Sheffield

Field Theory of Non-Equilibrium Systems

Author : Alex Kamenev
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 357 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2014-05-14
Category : Condensed matter
ISBN : 1139127683

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Field Theory of Non-Equilibrium Systems by Alex Kamenev Pdf

Step-by-step treatment of the modern functional approach to non-equilibrium field-theoretical methods for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 47,6 Mb
Release : 2015
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 3319219499

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book presents cutting-edge experimental and computational results and provides comprehensive coverage on the impact of non-equilibrium structure and dynamics on the properties of soft matter confined to the nanoscale. The book is organized into three main sections: · Equilibration and physical aging: by treating non-equilibrium phenomena with the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, the analysis of the kinetics of equilibration sheds new light on the physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films. Both the impact of sample preparation and that of interfacial interactions are analyzed using a large set of experiments. A historical overview of the investigation of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films is also presented. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on how interfaces and geometrical confinement perturb the pathways and kinetics of equilibrations of soft glasses (a process of tremendous technological interest). · Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. The question is posed as to whether this process could be considered as the driving force of equilibration. In this section, the investigation of the physics of irreversible chain adsorption is accompanied by a detailed analysis of the molecular dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. · Glass transition and material properties: the discussion covers a broad range of non-equilibrium phenomena affecting different families of soft materials - polymers, low molecular weight glass formers, and liquid crystals. In these systems, geometrical confinement induces the formation of non-equilibrium phases, otherwise not achievable via processing of bulk samples. The examples illustrated in this section show how non-equilibrium phenomena can be exploited as innovative processing parameters to fabricate novel nanomaterials with improved performance. Finally, the differences between experiments performed under equilibrium conditions and temperature scans from equilibrium to non-equilibrium states at the nanoscale are discussed.

Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 125 pages
File Size : 54,9 Mb
Release : 2023-04-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782832520352

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Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter by Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti Pdf

Non-Dissipative Effects in Nonequilibrium Systems

Author : Christian Maes
Publisher : Springer
Page : 53 pages
File Size : 48,9 Mb
Release : 2017-09-20
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319677804

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Non-Dissipative Effects in Nonequilibrium Systems by Christian Maes Pdf

This book introduces and discusses both the fundamental aspects and the measurability of applications of time-symmetric kinetic quantities, outlining the features that constitute the non-dissipative branch of non-equilibrium physics. These specific features of non-equilibrium dynamics have largely been ignored in standard statistical mechanics texts. This introductory-level book offers novel material that does not take the traditional line of extending standard thermodynamics to the irreversible domain. It shows that although stationary dissipation is essentially equivalent with steady non-equilibrium and ubiquitous in complex phenomena, non-equilibrium is not determined solely by the time-antisymmetric sector of energy-entropy considerations. While this should not be very surprising, this book provides timely, simple reminders of the role of time-symmetric and kinetic aspects in the construction of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics.

Statistical Physics for Biological Matter

Author : Wokyung Sung
Publisher : Springer
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 42,7 Mb
Release : 2018-10-19
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789402415841

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Statistical Physics for Biological Matter by Wokyung Sung Pdf

This book aims to cover a broad range of topics in statistical physics, including statistical mechanics (equilibrium and non-equilibrium), soft matter and fluid physics, for applications to biological phenomena at both cellular and macromolecular levels. It is intended to be a graduate level textbook, but can also be addressed to the interested senior level undergraduate. The book is written also for those involved in research on biological systems or soft matter based on physics, particularly on statistical physics. Typical statistical physics courses cover ideal gases (classical and quantum) and interacting units of simple structures. In contrast, even simple biological fluids are solutions of macromolecules, the structures of which are very complex. The goal of this book to fill this wide gap by providing appropriate content as well as by explaining the theoretical method that typifies good modeling, namely, the method of coarse-grained descriptions that extract the most salient features emerging at mesoscopic scales. The major topics covered in this book include thermodynamics, equilibrium statistical mechanics, soft matter physics of polymers and membranes, non-equilibrium statistical physics covering stochastic processes, transport phenomena and hydrodynamics. Generic methods and theories are described with detailed derivations, followed by applications and examples in biology. The book aims to help the readers build, systematically and coherently through basic principles, their own understanding of nonspecific concepts and theoretical methods, which they may be able to apply to a broader class of biological problems.

Field Theory of Non-Equilibrium Systems

Author : Alex Kamenev
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 52,8 Mb
Release : 2011-09-08
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781139500296

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Field Theory of Non-Equilibrium Systems by Alex Kamenev Pdf

The physics of non-equilibrium many-body systems is one of the most rapidly expanding areas of theoretical physics. Traditionally used in the study of laser physics and superconducting kinetics, these techniques have more recently found applications in the study of dynamics of cold atomic gases, mesoscopic and nano-mechanical systems. The book gives a self-contained presentation of the modern functional approach to non-equilibrium field-theoretical methods. They are applied to examples ranging from biophysics to the kinetics of superfluids and superconductors. Its step-by-step treatment gives particular emphasis to the pedagogical aspects, making it ideal as a reference for advanced graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics.

Out-of-Equilibrium Physics of Correlated Electron Systems

Author : Roberta Citro,Ferdinando Mancini
Publisher : Springer
Page : 190 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2018-07-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783319949567

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Out-of-Equilibrium Physics of Correlated Electron Systems by Roberta Citro,Ferdinando Mancini Pdf

This book is a wide-ranging survey of the physics of out-of-equilibrium systems of correlated electrons, ranging from the theoretical, to the numerical, computational and experimental aspects. It starts from basic approaches to non-equilibrium physics, such as the mean-field approach, then proceeds to more advanced methods, such as dynamical mean-field theory and master equation approaches. Lastly, it offers a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in experimental investigations of complex quantum materials by means of ultrafast spectroscopy.