Quantum Theory And Statistical Thermodynamics

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Quantum Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics

Author : Peter Hertel
Publisher : Springer
Page : 368 pages
File Size : 47,5 Mb
Release : 2017-08-16
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319585956

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Quantum Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics by Peter Hertel Pdf

This textbook presents a concise yet detailed introduction to quantum physics. Concise, because it condenses the essentials to a few principles. Detailed, because these few principles – necessarily rather abstract – are illustrated by several telling examples. A fairly complete overview of the conventional quantum mechanics curriculum is the primary focus, but the huge field of statistical thermodynamics is covered as well. The text explains why a few key discoveries shattered the prevailing broadly accepted classical view of physics. First, matter appears to consist of particles which, when propagating, resemble waves. Consequently, some observable properties cannot be measured simultaneously with arbitrary precision. Second, events with single particles are not determined, but are more or less probable. The essence of this is that the observable properties of a physical system are to be represented by non-commuting mathematical objects instead of real numbers. Chapters on exceptionally simple, but highly instructive examples illustrate this abstract formulation of quantum physics. The simplest atoms, ions, and molecules are explained, describing their interaction with electromagnetic radiation as well as the scattering of particles. A short introduction to many particle physics with an outlook on quantum fields follows. There is a chapter on maximally mixed states of very large systems, that is statistical thermodynamics. The following chapter on the linear response to perturbations provides a link to the material equations of continuum physics. Mathematical details which would hinder the flow of the main text have been deferred to an appendix. The book addresses university students of physics and related fields. It will attract graduate students and professionals in particular who wish to systematize or refresh their knowledge of quantum physics when studying specialized texts on solid state and materials physics, advanced optics, and other modern fields.

Quantum Theory as an Emergent Phenomenon

Author : Stephen L. Adler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Release : 2004-08-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781139454094

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Quantum Theory as an Emergent Phenomenon by Stephen L. Adler Pdf

Quantum mechanics is our most successful physical theory. However, it raises conceptual issues that have perplexed physicists and philosophers of science for decades. This 2004 book develops an approach, based on the proposal that quantum theory is not a complete, final theory, but is in fact an emergent phenomenon arising from a deeper level of dynamics. The dynamics at this deeper level are taken to be an extension of classical dynamics to non-commuting matrix variables, with cyclic permutation inside a trace used as the basic calculational tool. With plausible assumptions, quantum theory is shown to emerge as the statistical thermodynamics of this underlying theory, with the canonical commutation/anticommutation relations derived from a generalized equipartition theorem. Brownian motion corrections to this thermodynamics are argued to lead to state vector reduction and to the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, making contact with phenomenological proposals for stochastic modifications to Schrödinger dynamics.

Statistical Physics

Author : Franz Mandl
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 248 pages
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Release : 2013-06-05
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781118723432

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Statistical Physics by Franz Mandl Pdf

The Manchester Physics Series General Editors: D. J. Sandiford; F. Mandl; A. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E. Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. Thomson Statistical Physics Second Edition E. Mandl Electromagnetism Second Edition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. Barlow Solid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. Hall Quantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R. Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A. C. Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. Barnett Statistical Physics, Second Edition develops a unified treatment of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, which emphasises the statistical nature of the laws of thermodynamics and the atomic nature of matter. Prominence is given to the Gibbs distribution, leading to a simple treatment of quantum statistics and of chemical reactions. Undergraduate students of physics and related sciences will find this a stimulating account of the basic physics and its applications. Only an elementary knowledge of kinetic theory and atomic physics, as well as the rudiments of quantum theory, are presupposed for an understanding of this book. Statistical Physics, Second Edition features: A fully integrated treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. A flow diagram allowing topics to be studied in different orders or omitted altogether. Optional "starred" and highlighted sections containing more advanced and specialised material for the more ambitious reader. Sets of problems at the end of each chapter to help student understanding. Hints for solving the problems are given in an Appendix.

Statistical Thermodynamics

Author : Erwin Schrödinger
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Page : 114 pages
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Release : 1989-01-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780486661018

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Statistical Thermodynamics by Erwin Schrödinger Pdf

Nobel laureate's brilliant attempt to develop a simple, unified standard method of dealing with all cases of statistical thermodynamics — classical, quantum, Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac, and more.The work also includes discussions of Nernst theorem, Planck's oscillator, fluctuations, the n-particle problem, problem of radiation, and much more.

A Course In Statistical Thermodynamics

Author : Joseph Kestin
Publisher : Elsevier
Page : 596 pages
File Size : 48,5 Mb
Release : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780323144933

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A Course In Statistical Thermodynamics by Joseph Kestin Pdf

A Course in Statistical Thermodynamics explores the physical aspects of the methodology of statistical thermodynamics without the use of advanced mathematical methods. This book is divided into 14 chapters that focus on a correct statement of the Gibbsian ensemble theory couched in quantum-mechanical terms throughout. The introductory chapters emphasize the concept of equilibrium, phase space, the principle of their quantization, and the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. These topics are followed by an exposition of the statistical method, revealing that the structure of the physical theory is closely modeled on mathematical statistics. A chapter focuses on stationary ensembles and the restatement of the First, Second, and Third Law of Thermodynamics. The remaining chapters highlight the various specialized applications of statistical thermodynamics, including real and degenerate gases, simple solids, radiation, magnetic systems, nonequilibrium states, and fluctuations. These chapters also provide a rigorous derivation of Boltzmann's equation, the H-theorem, and the vexing paradox that arises when microscopic reversibility must be reconciled with irreversible behavior in the large. This book can be used for two semesters in the junior or senior years, or as a first-year graduate course in statistical thermodynamics.

Statistical Mechanics

Author : A. J. Berlinsky,A. B. Harris
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 602 pages
File Size : 51,7 Mb
Release : 2019-10-03
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783030281878

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Statistical Mechanics by A. J. Berlinsky,A. B. Harris Pdf

In a comprehensive treatment of Statistical Mechanics from thermodynamics through the renormalization group, this book serves as the core text for a full-year graduate course in statistical mechanics at either the Masters or Ph.D. level. Each chapter contains numerous exercises, and several chapters treat special topics which can be used as the basis for student projects. The concept of scaling is introduced early and used extensively throughout the text. At the heart of the book is an extensive treatment of mean field theory, from the simplest decoupling approach, through the density matrix formalism, to self-consistent classical and quantum field theory as well as exact solutions on the Cayley tree. Proceeding beyond mean field theory, the book discusses exact mappings involving Potts models, percolation, self-avoiding walks and quenched randomness, connecting various athermal and thermal models. Computational methods such as series expansions and Monte Carlo simulations are discussed, along with exact solutions to the 1D quantum and 2D classical Ising models. The renormalization group formalism is developed, starting from real-space RG and proceeding through a detailed treatment of Wilson’s epsilon expansion. Finally the subject of Kosterlitz-Thouless systems is introduced from a historical perspective and then treated by methods due to Anderson, Kosterlitz, Thouless and Young. Altogether, this comprehensive, up-to-date, and engaging text offers an ideal package for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses or for use in self study.

Statistical Thermodynamics

Author : M. C. Gupta
Publisher : New Age International
Page : 532 pages
File Size : 43,5 Mb
Release : 2007
Category : Thermodynamics
ISBN : 8122410669

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Statistical Thermodynamics by M. C. Gupta Pdf

This Is An Introductory Book Which Explains The Foundations Of The Subject And Its Application. It Is Intended Primarily For Graduate Students But May Provide Useful Information And Reading To Science And Engineering Students At All Levels. It Assumes That Readers Have Knowledge Of Basic Thermodynamics And Quantum Mechanics. With This, The Theory Has Been Developed In A Simple, Logical And Understandable Way. Some Applications Of Statistical Thermodynamics Have Been Described In Detail With Illustrative Solved Examples.There Are Two Basic Approaches In Statistical Mechanics; One Based On The Study Of Independent Particles In An Isolated System And The Other Based On The Concept Of Ensembles. In This Book Attempt Has Been Made To Take Advantage Of Both Approaches. While The Fundamental Concepts Have Been Developed By First Approach, Concept Of Ensembles Have Been Included To Bring Out The Importance Of This Concept In The Application Of Statistical Thermodynamics To Chemical Systems Where Interparticle Interactions Become Important.Part I Of The Book Deals With The Background Concepts, Fundamentals In Mathematics, Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics And Thermodynamics Which Are Essential For Statistical Mechanics. Part Ii Covers Formalism Of Statistical Mechanism And Its Relation To Thermodynamics As Well As The Statistical Mechanics Of Ensembles, Quantum Statistics And Fluctuations. Part Iii Includes Chapters On The Applications Of The Formalism To Real Laboratory Chemical Systems. In This Part Additions Such As Imperfect Gases, Equilibrium Isotope And Kinetic Isotope Effects And Reactions At The Surfaces Have Been Made, In This Edition. Part Iv Is Also An Addition Which Covers Quantum Systems Such As Ideal Fermi Gas (Free Electrons In Metals), Photon Gas And Ideal Bose Gas (Helium Gas).

Statistical Mechanics

Author : Franz Schwabl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 574 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2013-03-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783662047026

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Statistical Mechanics by Franz Schwabl Pdf

This unique and consistent mathematical treatise contains a deductive description of equilibrium statistics and thermodynamics. The most important elements of non-equilibrium phenomena are also treated. In addition to the fundamentals, the text tries to show how large the area of statistical mechanics is and how many applications can be found here. Modern areas such as renormalization group theory, percolation, stochastic equations of motion and their applications in critical dynamics, as well as fundamental thoughts of irreversibility are discussed. The text will be useful for advanced students in physics and other sciences who have profound knowledge of quantum mechanics.

Introduction to Quantum Statistical Mechanics

Author : N. N. Bogolubov, Jr.
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 439 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 2010
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814295192

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Introduction to Quantum Statistical Mechanics by N. N. Bogolubov, Jr. Pdf

Introduction to Quantum Statistical Mechanics (2nd Edition) may be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students, even ambitious undergraduates in physics. It is also suitable for non experts in physics who wish to have an overview of some of the classic and fundamental quantum models in the subject. The explanation in the book is detailed enough to capture the interest of the reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to dwell further into the subject and explore the research literature.

Methods in Statistical Mechanics

Author : Osvaldo Civitarese,Manuel Gadella
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 185 pages
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Release : 2020-09-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783030536589

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Methods in Statistical Mechanics by Osvaldo Civitarese,Manuel Gadella Pdf

This book presents a variety of techniques for tackling phenomena that are not amenable to the conventional approach based on the concept of probabilities. The methods described rely on the use of path integration, thermal Green functions, time-temperature propagators, Liouville operators, second quantization, and field correlators at finite density and temperature. Also exploring the statistical mechanics of unstable quantum systems, the book is intended as a supplementary or reference text for use in one-semester graduate courses on Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, and Mathematical Methods in Physics.

Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics

Author : Richard Fitzpatrick
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 358 pages
File Size : 43,7 Mb
Release : 2020-07-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789811223372

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Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics by Richard Fitzpatrick Pdf

This book provides a comprehensive exposition of the theory of equilibrium thermodynamics and statistical mechanics at a level suitable for well-prepared undergraduate students. The fundamental message of the book is that all results in equilibrium thermodynamics and statistical mechanics follow from a single unprovable axiom — namely, the principle of equal a priori probabilities — combined with elementary probability theory, elementary classical mechanics, and elementary quantum mechanics.

Statistical Mechanics Made Simple

Author : Daniel Charles Mattis
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 274 pages
File Size : 48,8 Mb
Release : 2003
Category : Science
ISBN : 981238166X

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Statistical Mechanics Made Simple by Daniel Charles Mattis Pdf

Elementary concepts in statistics and probability - The ising model and the lattice gas - Elements of thermodynamics - Statistical mechanics - The world of bosons - All about fermions : theories of metals, superconductors, semiconductors - Kinetic theory - The transfer matrix - Some uses of quantum field theory in statistical physics.

Quantum Theory of Many-variable Systems and Fields

Author : B. Sakita
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Page : 234 pages
File Size : 45,7 Mb
Release : 1985
Category : Science
ISBN : 9971978555

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Quantum Theory of Many-variable Systems and Fields by B. Sakita Pdf

These lecture notes are based on special courses on Field Theory and Statistical Mechanics given for graduate students at the City College of New York. It is an ideal text for a one-semester course on Quantum Field Theory.

Statistical Thermodynamics

Author : Chang L. Tien,John H. Lienhard
Publisher : Hemisphere Pub
Page : 424 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 1979
Category : Statistical thermodynamics
ISBN : UOM:39015000970544

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Statistical Thermodynamics by Chang L. Tien,John H. Lienhard Pdf

Quantum Field Theory and Statistical Mechanics

Author : James Glimm,Arthur Jaffe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 418 pages
File Size : 50,6 Mb
Release : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781461251583

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Quantum Field Theory and Statistical Mechanics by James Glimm,Arthur Jaffe Pdf

This volume contains a selection of expository articles on quantum field theory and statistical mechanics by James Glimm and Arthur Jaffe. They include a solution of the original interacting quantum field equations and a description of the physics which these equations contain. Quantum fields were proposed in the late 1920s as the natural framework which combines quantum theory with relativ ity. They have survived ever since. The mathematical description for quantum theory starts with a Hilbert space H of state vectors. Quantum fields are linear operators on this space, which satisfy nonlinear wave equations of fundamental physics, including coupled Dirac, Max well and Yang-Mills equations. The field operators are restricted to satisfy a "locality" requirement that they commute (or anti-commute in the case of fer mions) at space-like separated points. This condition is compatible with finite propagation speed, and hence with special relativity. Asymptotically, these fields converge for large time to linear fields describing free particles. Using these ideas a scattering theory had been developed, based on the existence of local quantum fields.