Non Equilibrium Phenomena In Confined Soft Matter

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2015
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 3319219499

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book presents cutting-edge experimental and computational results and provides comprehensive coverage on the impact of non-equilibrium structure and dynamics on the properties of soft matter confined to the nanoscale. The book is organized into three main sections: · Equilibration and physical aging: by treating non-equilibrium phenomena with the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, the analysis of the kinetics of equilibration sheds new light on the physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films. Both the impact of sample preparation and that of interfacial interactions are analyzed using a large set of experiments. A historical overview of the investigation of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films is also presented. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on how interfaces and geometrical confinement perturb the pathways and kinetics of equilibrations of soft glasses (a process of tremendous technological interest). · Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. The question is posed as to whether this process could be considered as the driving force of equilibration. In this section, the investigation of the physics of irreversible chain adsorption is accompanied by a detailed analysis of the molecular dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. · Glass transition and material properties: the discussion covers a broad range of non-equilibrium phenomena affecting different families of soft materials - polymers, low molecular weight glass formers, and liquid crystals. In these systems, geometrical confinement induces the formation of non-equilibrium phases, otherwise not achievable via processing of bulk samples. The examples illustrated in this section show how non-equilibrium phenomena can be exploited as innovative processing parameters to fabricate novel nanomaterials with improved performance. Finally, the differences between experiments performed under equilibrium conditions and temperature scans from equilibrium to non-equilibrium states at the nanoscale are discussed.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Springer
Page : 300 pages
File Size : 41,6 Mb
Release : 2015-08-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319219486

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book deals with those properties of non-equilibrium soft matter that deviate greatly from the bulk properties as a result of nanoscale confinement.The ultimate physical origin of these confinement effects is not yet fully understood. At the state of the art, the discussion on confinement effects focuses on equilibrium properties, finite size effects and interfacial interactions. However this is a limited vision which does not fully capture the peculiar behaviour of soft matter under confinement and some exotic phenomena that are displayed. This volume will be organized in the following three main themes. Equilibration and physical aging: treating non-equilibrium via the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, we analyse physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer. We then focus on the impact of nanoconfinement on the equilibration of glasses of soft matter (a process of tremendous technological interest, commonly known as physical aging), comparing the latest trends of polymers in experiments, simulations with those of low-molecular weight glass formers. Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. Recent experimental evidence show a strong correlation between the behaviour of polymers under confinement and the presence of a layer irreversibly adsorbed onto the substrate. This correlation hints at the possibility to tailor the properties of ultrathin films by controlling the adsorption kinetics. The book reports physical aspects of irreversible chain adsorption, such as the dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. Glass transition and material properties: this section of the book focuses on the spread of absolute values in materials properties of confined systems, when measured by different experimental and computation techniques and a new method to quantify the effects of confinement in thin films and nanocomposites independently on the investigation procedure will be presented.

Soft Matter And Biomaterials On The Nanoscale: The Wspc Reference On Functional Nanomaterials - Part I (In 4 Volumes)

Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 1876 pages
File Size : 43,9 Mb
Release : 2020-06-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789811218071

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Soft Matter And Biomaterials On The Nanoscale: The Wspc Reference On Functional Nanomaterials - Part I (In 4 Volumes) by Anonim Pdf

This book is indexed in Chemical Abstracts ServiceSoft and bio-nanomaterials offer a tremendously rich behavior due to the diversity and tailorability of their structures. Built from polymers, nanoparticles, small and large molecules, peptoids and other nanoscale building blocks, such materials exhibit exciting functions, either intrinsically or through the engineering of their organization and combination of blocks. Thus, it is not surprising that a variety of challenges, for example, in energy storage, environment protection, advanced manufacturing, purification and healthcare, can be addressed using these materials. The recent advances in understanding the behavior of soft matter and biomaterials are being actively translated into functional materials systems and devices, which take advantages of newly discovered and specifically created morphologies with desired properties. This major reference work presents a detailed overview of recent research developments on fundamental and application-inspired aspects of soft and bio-nanomaterials and their emerging functions, and will be divided into four volumes: Vol 1: Soft Matter under Geometrical Confinement: From Fundamentals at Planar Surfaces and Interfaces to Functionalities of Nanoporous Materials; Vol 2: Polymers on the Nanoscale: Nano-structured Polymers and Their Applications; Vol 3: Bio-Inspired Nanomaterials: Nanomaterials Built from Biomolecules and Using Bio-derived Principles; Vol 4: Nanomedicine: Nanoscale Materials in Nano/Bio Medicine.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends, Volume 3

Author : Avraam I. Isayev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 528 pages
File Size : 41,7 Mb
Release : 2016-06-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783527653980

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Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends, Volume 3 by Avraam I. Isayev Pdf

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. The most comprehensive source on polymer blends available on the market Offers a complete and timely overview of the topic Each article presents up to date research & development on a topic and its basic principles and applications, integrates case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and gives due reference to published and patented literature Equips academics, scientists and researchers with knowledge of fundamentals principles and their applications, and informs the engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs about the state of the art technology and its applications

Supramolecular Nanotechnology

Author : Omar Azzaroni,Martin Conda-Sheridan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 1801 pages
File Size : 51,9 Mb
Release : 2023-04-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783527834051

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Supramolecular Nanotechnology by Omar Azzaroni,Martin Conda-Sheridan Pdf

Supramolecular Nanotechnology Provides up-to-date coverage of both current knowledge and new developments in the dynamic and interdisciplinary field of supramolecular nanotechnology In recent years, supramolecular nanotechnology has revolutionized research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. These easily manipulated molecular units enable the synthesis of novel nanomaterials for use in a wide range of current and potential applications including electronics, sensors, drug delivery, and imaging. Supramolecular Nanotechnology presents a state-of-the-art overview of functional self-assembling nanomaterials based on organic and polymeric molecules. Featuring contributions by an international panel of experts in the field, this comprehensive volume covers the design of self-assembled materials, their synthesis and diverse fabrication methods, the characterization of supramolecular architectures, and current and emerging applications in chemistry, biology, and medicine. Detailed chapters discuss the synthesis of peptide-based supramolecular structures and polymeric self-assembling materials, their characterization, advanced microscopy techniques, nanostructures made of porphyrins, polyelectrolytes, silica, their application in catalysis and cancer, atomistic and coarse-grained simulations, and more. Presents cutting-edge research on rationally designed, self-assembled supramolecular structures Discusses the impact of supramolecular nanotechnology on current and future research and technology Highlights applications of self-assembled supramolecular systems in catalysis, biomedical imaging, cancer therapies, and regenerative medicine Provides synthetic strategies for preparing the molecular assemblies and various characterization techniques for assessing the supramolecular morphology Describes theoretical modeling and simulation techniques for analyzing supramolecular nanostructures Supramolecular Nanotechnology: Advanced Design of Self-Assembled Functional Materials is essential reading for materials scientists and engineers, polymer and organic chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, molecular physicists and biologists, and chemical engineers.

Encyclopedia of Glass Science, Technology, History, and Culture Two Volume Set

Author : Pascal Richet
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 1568 pages
File Size : 47,8 Mb
Release : 2021-02-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781118799390

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Encyclopedia of Glass Science, Technology, History, and Culture Two Volume Set by Pascal Richet Pdf

This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.

Soft Matter under Exogenic Impacts

Author : Sylwester J. Rzoska,Victor A. Mazur
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 479 pages
File Size : 48,6 Mb
Release : 2007-06-06
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781402058721

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Soft Matter under Exogenic Impacts by Sylwester J. Rzoska,Victor A. Mazur Pdf

This book is unique in supplying a comprehensive presentation of high pressures, negative pressures, random constraints and strong electric field exogenic (external) impacts on various soft matter systems. The book is an excellent guide in this novel and still puzzling research area. The book comes as a result from the ARW NATO brainstorming discussion in Odessa, Ukraine (8-12 Oct. 2005). It contains 31 papers prepared by key specialists in the field.

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 51,8 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360623

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta Pdf

This volume contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. It deals with topics such as evaporation, structual rheology, and active matter.

Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 125 pages
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Release : 2023-04-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782832520352

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Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter by Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti Pdf

Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems

Author : Shashi Thutupalli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 127 pages
File Size : 44,7 Mb
Release : 2013-09-05
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319007359

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Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems by Shashi Thutupalli Pdf

This book focuses on the assembly, organization and resultant collective dynamics of soft matter systems maintained away from equilibrium by an energy flux. Living matter is the ultimate example of such systems, which are comprised of different constituents on very different scales (ions, nucleic acids, proteins, cells). The result of their diverse interactions, maintained using the energy from physiological processes, is a fantastically well-organized and dynamic whole. This work describes results from minimal, biomimetic systems and primarily investigates membranes and active emulsions, as well as key aspects of both soft matter and non-equilibrium phenomena. It is shown that these minimal reconstitutions are already capable of a range of complex behaviour such as nonlinear electric responses, chemical communication and locomotion. These studies will bring us closer to a fundamental understanding of complex systems by reconstituting key aspects of their form and function in simple model systems. Further, they may also serve as the first technological steps towards artificial soft functional matter.

Nano-scale Materials

Author : S. N. Sahu,R. K. Choudhury,P. Jena
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Page : 496 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 2006
Category : Nanoscience
ISBN : 1594549109

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Nano-scale Materials by S. N. Sahu,R. K. Choudhury,P. Jena Pdf

Nano-Scale Materials - From Science to Technology

The Oxford Handbook of Soft Condensed Matter

Author : Eugene Michael Terentjev
Publisher : Oxford Handbooks
Page : 605 pages
File Size : 42,7 Mb
Release : 2015
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780199667925

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The Oxford Handbook of Soft Condensed Matter by Eugene Michael Terentjev Pdf

This Handbook serves both as an introduction and an overview of the field of soft condensed matter. The discussion covers topics ranging from the fundamentals of colloid science to the principles and action of surfactants, modern directions of research in liquid crystals, and the key properties of foams. The book also explores the fundamental physics that controls the structure and mechanics of granular matter; how the unusual and often dramatic mechanical properties of concentrated polymer systems are determined by the physics of entanglements; the complex structures formed by block copolymers and the methods of structure analysis; rubber elasticity and new emerging classes of rubber-elastic materials; the physics of polyelectrolytes; the solvent dynamics in polymer gels, in equilibrium and under mechanical stress; and the hierarchical structure and characteristics of an extracellular matrix.

Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 49,6 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839169472

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone Pdf

The term active fluids refers to motions that are created by transforming energy from the surroundings into directed motion. There are many examples, both natural and synthetic, including individual swimming bacteria or motile cells, drops and bubbles that move owing to surface stresses (so-called Marangoni motions), and chemical- or optical-driven colloids. Investigations into active fluids provide new insights into non-equilibrium systems, have the potential for novel applications, and open new directions in physics, chemistry, biology and engineering. This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments. It explains the interplay of chemical processes and hydrodynamics, including the roles of mechanical and rheological properties across active fluids, with reference to experiments, theory, and simulations. These concepts are discussed for a variety of scenarios, such as the trajectories of microswimmers, cell crawling and fluid stirring, and apply to collective behaviours of dense suspensions and active gels. Emerging avenues of research are highlighted, ranging from the role of active processes for biological functions to programmable active materials, showcasing the exciting potential of this rapidly-evolving research field.

India in the World of Physics

Author : Asoke Nath Mitra
Publisher : Pearson Education India
Page : 662 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 2009
Category : Physics
ISBN : 8131715795

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India in the World of Physics by Asoke Nath Mitra Pdf

Contributed articles.

Growth and Form of Self-organized Branched Crystal Pattern in Nonlinear Chemical System

Author : Rohit Srivastava,Narendra Yadav,Jayeeta Chattopadhyay
Publisher : Springer
Page : 65 pages
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Release : 2016-04-12
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789811008641

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Growth and Form of Self-organized Branched Crystal Pattern in Nonlinear Chemical System by Rohit Srivastava,Narendra Yadav,Jayeeta Chattopadhyay Pdf

The book introduces the oscillatory reaction and pattern formation in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction that became model for investigating a wide range of intriguing pattern formations in chemical systems. So many modifications in classic version of BZ reaction have been carried out in various experimental conditions that demonstrate rich varieties of temporal oscillations and spatio-temporal patterns in non- equilibrium conditions. Mixed-mode versions of BZ reactions, which comprise a pair of organic substrates or dual metal catalysts, have displayed very complex oscillating behaviours and novel space-time patterns during reaction processes. These characteristic spatio-temporal properties of BZ reactions have attracted increasing attention of the scientific community in recent years because of its comparable periodic structures in electrochemical systems, polymerization processes, and non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena. Instead, non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena which lead to development of novel crystal morphologies in constraint of thermodynamic equilibrium conditions have been investigated and are said to be stationary periodic structures. Efforts have continued to analyze insight mechanisms and roles of reaction-diffusion mechanism and self-organization in the growth of such periodic crystal patterns. In this book, non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena, leading to growth of some novel crystal patterns in dual organic substrate modes of oscillatory BZ reactions have been discussed. Efforts have been made to find out experimental parameters where transitions of the spherulitic crystal patterns take place. The book provides the scientific community and entrepreneurs with a thorough understanding and knowledge of the growth and form of branched crystal pattern in reaction-diffusion system and their morphological transition.