Out Of Equilibrium Soft Matter

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 52,7 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839162299

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A. Stone Pdf

This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments.

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 54,7 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360623

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ōta Pdf

This volume contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. It deals with topics such as evaporation, structual rheology, and active matter.

Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Page : 411 pages
File Size : 42,5 Mb
Release : 2023-03-24
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781839169472

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Out-of-equilibrium Soft Matter by Christina Kurzthaler,Luigi Gentile,Howard A Stone Pdf

The term active fluids refers to motions that are created by transforming energy from the surroundings into directed motion. There are many examples, both natural and synthetic, including individual swimming bacteria or motile cells, drops and bubbles that move owing to surface stresses (so-called Marangoni motions), and chemical- or optical-driven colloids. Investigations into active fluids provide new insights into non-equilibrium systems, have the potential for novel applications, and open new directions in physics, chemistry, biology and engineering. This book provides an expert introduction to active fluids systems, covering simple to complex environments. It explains the interplay of chemical processes and hydrodynamics, including the roles of mechanical and rheological properties across active fluids, with reference to experiments, theory, and simulations. These concepts are discussed for a variety of scenarios, such as the trajectories of microswimmers, cell crawling and fluid stirring, and apply to collective behaviours of dense suspensions and active gels. Emerging avenues of research are highlighted, ranging from the role of active processes for biological functions to programmable active materials, showcasing the exciting potential of this rapidly-evolving research field.

Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Page : 125 pages
File Size : 50,5 Mb
Release : 2023-04-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9782832520352

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Probing Out-of-Equilibrium Soft Matter by Roberto Cerbino,Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Emanuela Del Gado,Irmgard Bischofberger,Ramon Castañeda-Priego,Luca Cipelletti Pdf

Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 435 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814360630

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Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura Pdf

Soft matter is a concept which covers polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphiphilic molecules, glasses, granular and biological materials. One of the fundamental characteristic features of soft matter is that it exhibits various mesoscopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedom of each molecule. Due to such intermediate structures, soft matter can easily be brought into non-equilibrium states and cause non-linear responses by imposing external fields such as an electric field, a mechanical stress or a shear flow. Volume 4 of the series in Soft Condensed Matter focuses on the non-linear and non-equilibrium properties of soft matter. It contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. The topics dealt with in this volume includes rheology of polymers and liquid crystals, dynamical properties of Langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface, hydrodynamics of membranes and twisted filaments as well as dynamics of deformable self-propelled particles and migration of biological cells. This book serves both as an introduction to students as well as a useful reference to researchers.

Introduction To Soft Matter Physics

Author : Zhou Luwei
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 352 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2019-02-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789813275119

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Introduction To Soft Matter Physics by Zhou Luwei Pdf

Soft matters differ from hard ones essentially due to former's relatively weak interaction which is comparable to kBTrm (Trm = room temperature) — this results in the major characteristics of soft matters such as 'strong reactions upon weak actions'.Developed over a period of 10 years through soft matter physics lectures for both graduate and undergraduate students in Fudan University, this textbook not only concentrates on the basic interactions inside soft matters through a reductionist approach, but also introduces the exploratory works on the complexity of soft matters in methods of system science.Other important topics in soft matter physics which are included involve static and dynamic electrorheological (ER) effects — an important 'model animal' in the subject, granular media — which explains the thermodynamics of sands and its dynamics, and the Onsager principle of least energy dissipation rate which has been adapted in this textbook to see how it governs the optimal paths of a system's deviation from and restoration to equilibrium.The subject of soft matter physics is still in its infancy, making it highly exciting and attractive. If you like a challenging subject, you will most certainly fall in love with soft matter physics at first read!

Soft and Fragile Matter

Author : Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 956 pages
File Size : 51,7 Mb
Release : 2000-01-01
Category : Science
ISBN : 1420033514

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Soft and Fragile Matter by Michael E. Cates,M.R Evans Pdf

Covering colloids, polymers, surfactant phases, emulsions, and granular media, Soft and Fragile Matter: Nonequilibrium Dynamics, Metastability and Flow (PBK) provides self-contained and pedagogical coverage of the rapidly advancing field of systems driven out of equilibrium, with a strong emphasis on unifying conceptual principles rather than material-specific details. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book contains introductions at the level of a graduate course in soft condensed matter and statistical physics to the following areas: experimental techniques, polymers, rheology, colloids, computer simulation, surfactants, phase separation kinetics, driven systems, structural glasses, slow dynamics, and granular materials. These topics lead to a range of exciting applications at the forefront of current research, including microplasticity of emulsions, sequence design of copolymers, branched polymer dynamics, nucleation kinetics in colloids, multiscale modeling, flow-induced surfactant textures, fluid demixing under shear, two-time correlation functions, chaotic sedimentation dynamics, and sound propagation in powders. Balancing theory, simulation, and experiment, this broadly-based, pedagogical account of a rapidly developing field is an excellent compendium for graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Springer
Page : 302 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 2015-08-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319219486

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book deals with those properties of non-equilibrium soft matter that deviate greatly from the bulk properties as a result of nanoscale confinement.The ultimate physical origin of these confinement effects is not yet fully understood. At the state of the art, the discussion on confinement effects focuses on equilibrium properties, finite size effects and interfacial interactions. However this is a limited vision which does not fully capture the peculiar behaviour of soft matter under confinement and some exotic phenomena that are displayed. This volume will be organized in the following three main themes. Equilibration and physical aging: treating non-equilibrium via the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, we analyse physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer. We then focus on the impact of nanoconfinement on the equilibration of glasses of soft matter (a process of tremendous technological interest, commonly known as physical aging), comparing the latest trends of polymers in experiments, simulations with those of low-molecular weight glass formers. Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. Recent experimental evidence show a strong correlation between the behaviour of polymers under confinement and the presence of a layer irreversibly adsorbed onto the substrate. This correlation hints at the possibility to tailor the properties of ultrathin films by controlling the adsorption kinetics. The book reports physical aspects of irreversible chain adsorption, such as the dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. Glass transition and material properties: this section of the book focuses on the spread of absolute values in materials properties of confined systems, when measured by different experimental and computation techniques and a new method to quantify the effects of confinement in thin films and nanocomposites independently on the investigation procedure will be presented.

Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Author : Simone Napolitano
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 43,6 Mb
Release : 2015
Category : Electronic
ISBN : 3319219499

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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter by Simone Napolitano Pdf

This book presents cutting-edge experimental and computational results and provides comprehensive coverage on the impact of non-equilibrium structure and dynamics on the properties of soft matter confined to the nanoscale. The book is organized into three main sections: · Equilibration and physical aging: by treating non-equilibrium phenomena with the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, the analysis of the kinetics of equilibration sheds new light on the physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films. Both the impact of sample preparation and that of interfacial interactions are analyzed using a large set of experiments. A historical overview of the investigation of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films is also presented. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on how interfaces and geometrical confinement perturb the pathways and kinetics of equilibrations of soft glasses (a process of tremendous technological interest). · Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. The question is posed as to whether this process could be considered as the driving force of equilibration. In this section, the investigation of the physics of irreversible chain adsorption is accompanied by a detailed analysis of the molecular dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers. · Glass transition and material properties: the discussion covers a broad range of non-equilibrium phenomena affecting different families of soft materials - polymers, low molecular weight glass formers, and liquid crystals. In these systems, geometrical confinement induces the formation of non-equilibrium phases, otherwise not achievable via processing of bulk samples. The examples illustrated in this section show how non-equilibrium phenomena can be exploited as innovative processing parameters to fabricate novel nanomaterials with improved performance. Finally, the differences between experiments performed under equilibrium conditions and temperature scans from equilibrium to non-equilibrium states at the nanoscale are discussed.

Introduction to Soft Matter Physics

Author : Luwei Zhou
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Page : 352 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2019-03-08
Category : Science
ISBN : 9811221413

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Introduction to Soft Matter Physics by Luwei Zhou Pdf

Soft matters differ from hard ones essentially due to former's relatively weak interaction which is comparable to kBTrm (Trm = room temperature) -- this results in the major characteristics of soft matters such as "strong reactions upon weak actions". Developed over a period of 10 years through soft matter physics lectures for both graduate and undergraduate students in Fudan University, this textbook not only concentrates on the basic interactions inside soft matters through a reductionist approach, but also introduces the exploratory works on the complexity of soft matters in methods of system science. Other important topics in soft matter physics which are included involve static and dynamic electrorheological (ER) effects -- an important 'model animal' in the subject, granular media -- which explains the thermodynamics of sands and its dynamics, and the Onsager principle of least energy dissipation rate which has been adapted in this textbook to see how it governs the optimal paths of a system's deviation from and restoration to equilibrium. The subject of soft matter physics is still in its infancy, making it highly exciting and attractive. If you like a challenging subject, you will most certainly fall in love with soft matter physics at first read!

Soft Matter Physics

Author : Maurice Kleman,Oleg D. Laverntovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 659 pages
File Size : 52,9 Mb
Release : 2007-05-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780387217598

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Soft Matter Physics by Maurice Kleman,Oleg D. Laverntovich Pdf

The study of "soft matter" materials with complex properties has raised a number of interesting problems in basic physics, biology, and materials science, all of which promise new and important technological applications. After a review of chemical bonds and phase transitions, the authors treat topics such as surface phenomena, stability of colloidal systems, structural properties of polymers, and topological defects. The monograph's emphasis on underlying physical principles offers a coherent treatment of the great variety of research in the field.

Soft Matter Self-Assembly

Author : C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli
Publisher : IOS Press
Page : 494 pages
File Size : 49,9 Mb
Release : 2016-07-14
Category : SCIENCE
ISBN : 9781614996620

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Soft Matter Self-Assembly by C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli Pdf

Self-assembly is one of the key concepts in contemporary soft condensed matter. It is an umbrella term which encompasses the various modes of spontaneous organization of micrometer-and submicrometer-sized particles into ordered structures of various degrees of complexity, yet it often relies on remarkably simple interactions and mechanisms. Self-assembly is one of the key principles used by nature to construct living matter, where it frequently takes place in a hierarchical fashion. This book contains the lectures from the Enrico Fermi summer school: Soft Matter Self-assembly, held in Varenna, Italy, in June and July 2015. The primary aim of the school was to cover the most exciting modern aspects of self-assembly in soft condensed matter physics, and to enable Ph.D. students and postdocs to engage with some of the most exciting and current topics in the physics of colloids through a series of mini-courses and seminars hosted by leading figures in the field. Subjects covered include: colloids with directional bonding; pathways of self-organization; self-assembly hydrodynamics; polymer structure and dynamics; liquid-crystal colloid dispersions; and self-organizing nanosystems. The proceedings also include two reprints from Reviews of Modern Physics, and will be of interest to both students and experts in the field.

Equilibrium Statistical Physics

Author : M. Baus,Carlos F. Tejero
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 362 pages
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Release : 2007-11-15
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783540746324

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Equilibrium Statistical Physics by M. Baus,Carlos F. Tejero Pdf

This is a textbook which gradually introduces the student to the statistical mechanical study of the different phases of matter and to the phase transitions between them. Throughout, only simple models of both ordinary and soft matter are used but these are studied in full detail. The subject is developed in a pedagogical manner, starting from the basics, going from the simple ideal systems to the interacting systems, and ending with the more modern topics. The textbook provides the student with a complete overview, intentionally at an introductory level, of the theory of phase transitions. All equations and deductions are included.

Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems

Author : Shashi Thutupalli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 141 pages
File Size : 40,7 Mb
Release : 2013-09-05
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783319007359

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Towards Autonomous Soft Matter Systems by Shashi Thutupalli Pdf

This book focuses on the assembly, organization and resultant collective dynamics of soft matter systems maintained away from equilibrium by an energy flux. Living matter is the ultimate example of such systems, which are comprised of different constituents on very different scales (ions, nucleic acids, proteins, cells). The result of their diverse interactions, maintained using the energy from physiological processes, is a fantastically well-organized and dynamic whole. This work describes results from minimal, biomimetic systems and primarily investigates membranes and active emulsions, as well as key aspects of both soft matter and non-equilibrium phenomena. It is shown that these minimal reconstitutions are already capable of a range of complex behaviour such as nonlinear electric responses, chemical communication and locomotion. These studies will bring us closer to a fundamental understanding of complex systems by reconstituting key aspects of their form and function in simple model systems. Further, they may also serve as the first technological steps towards artificial soft functional matter.

Soft Matter

Author : Wim van Saarloos,Vincenzo Vitelli,Zorana Zeravcic
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Page : 622 pages
File Size : 44,5 Mb
Release : 2024-03-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780691191300

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Soft Matter by Wim van Saarloos,Vincenzo Vitelli,Zorana Zeravcic Pdf

"Soft matter science is an interdisciplinary field at the interface of physics, biology, chemistry, engineering, and materials science. It encompasses colloids, polymers, and liquid crystals as well as rapidly emerging topics such as metamaterials, memory formation and learning in matter, bioactive systems, and artificial life. This textbook introduces key phenomena and concepts in soft matter from a modern perspective, marrying established knowledge with the latest developments and applications. The presentation integrates statistical mechanics, dynamical systems, and hydrodynamic approaches, emphasizing conservation laws and broken symmetries as guiding principles while paying attention to computational and machine learning advances. The book features introductory chapters on fluid mechanics, elasticity, and stochastic phenomena and also covers advanced topics such as pattern formation and active matter. it discusses technological applications as well as relevant phenomena in the life sciences and offers perspectives on emerging research directions"--