Outdoor Lighting For Pedestrians

Outdoor Lighting For Pedestrians Book in PDF, ePub and Kindle version is available to download in english. Read online anytime anywhere directly from your device. Click on the download button below to get a free pdf file of Outdoor Lighting For Pedestrians book. This book definitely worth reading, it is an incredibly well-written.

Outdoor Lighting for Pedestrians

Author : Frank Markowitz
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 189 pages
File Size : 48,9 Mb
Release : 2021-12-30
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781000514162

Get Book

Outdoor Lighting for Pedestrians by Frank Markowitz Pdf

Outdoor Lighting for Pedestrians shows how outdoor lighting is important for pedestrians’ safety, personal security, and comfort, with major impacts on street, path, and park aesthetics and neighborhood sense of place. Providing clear, basic technical background (accessible to non-engineers), the book focuses especially on planning and policy concerns. It covers the fundamentals of lighting technology; benefits, costs, and possible adverse impacts of lighting enhancements; traditional and innovative approaches; planning and policy documents and practices; aesthetics and placemaking; and technology trends in lighting design. This book is aimed primarily at practicing transportation planners and engineers, generalist urban planners, safety advocates and researchers, and university students. However, lighting designers and other professionals will also find it useful. It considers how lighting can be coordinated with other potential improvements to enhance the pedestrian environment for better walkability.

Outdoor Lighting Guide

Author : Institution of Lighting Engineers
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 404 pages
File Size : 40,5 Mb
Release : 2013-01-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781134200245

Get Book

Outdoor Lighting Guide by Institution of Lighting Engineers Pdf

As concern grows over environmental issues and light pollution, this book satisfies a need for a straightforward and accessible guide to the use, design and installation of outdoor lighting. This all-inclusive guide to exterior lighting from the Institution of Lighting Engineers, recognized as the pre-eminent professional source in the UK for authoritative guidance on exterior lighting, provides a comprehensive source of information and advice on all forms of exterior lighting, from floodlighting, buildings and road lighting to elaborate Christmas decorations. Useful to practitioners and non-experts alike, specialists will value the dependable detail on standards and related design, installation and maintenance problems, whilst general professionals can find extensive practical guidance on safety issues, the lighting of hazardous areas and avoiding potential difficulties.

The Outdoor Lighting Guide

Author : Institution of Lighting Engineers
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 402 pages
File Size : 43,6 Mb
Release : 2005
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9780415370073

Get Book

The Outdoor Lighting Guide by Institution of Lighting Engineers Pdf

The all-inclusive guide to exterior lighting from The Institution of Lighting Engineers, the recognized pre-eminent professional source in the UK for authoritative guidance on exterior lighting.

Human Factors in Lighting

Author : Peter Robert Boyce
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 703 pages
File Size : 50,6 Mb
Release : 2014-04-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781439874899

Get Book

Human Factors in Lighting by Peter Robert Boyce Pdf

The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores

Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems

Author : John L. Campbell
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Page : 319 pages
File Size : 50,7 Mb
Release : 2012
Category : Human engineering
ISBN : 9780309258166

Get Book

Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems by John L. Campbell Pdf

"This report completes and updates the first edition of NCHRP Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems (HFG), which was published previously in three collections. The HFG contains guidelines that provide human factors principles and findings for consideration by, and is a resource document for, highway designers, traffic engineers, and other safety practitioners."--Foreword.

A Handbook for Pedestrian Action

Author : Roberto Brambilla,Gianni Longo
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 168 pages
File Size : 52,9 Mb
Release : 1977
Category : City planning
ISBN : UCR:31210024735779

Get Book

A Handbook for Pedestrian Action by Roberto Brambilla,Gianni Longo Pdf

Review of the Class and Quality of Street Lighting

Author : G.I. Crabb,R. Beaumont,D. Webster,TRL Limited,TRL Limited Staff,CSS (Organization : Great Britain)
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 71 pages
File Size : 50,7 Mb
Release : 2009
Category : Roads
ISBN : 1846087694

Get Book

Review of the Class and Quality of Street Lighting by G.I. Crabb,R. Beaumont,D. Webster,TRL Limited,TRL Limited Staff,CSS (Organization : Great Britain) Pdf

Planning and Urban Design Standards

Author : American Planning Association,Frederick R. Steiner,Kent Butler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 448 pages
File Size : 42,5 Mb
Release : 2012-09-17
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 9781118550762

Get Book

Planning and Urban Design Standards by American Planning Association,Frederick R. Steiner,Kent Butler Pdf

The new student edition of the definitive reference on urbanplanning and design Planning and Urban Design Standards, Student Edition is theauthoritative and reliable volume designed to teach students bestpractices and guidelines for urban planning and design. Edited from the main volume to meet the serious student's needs,this Student Edition is packed with more than 1,400 informativeillustrations and includes the latest rules of thumb for designingand evaluating any land-use scheme--from street plantings to newsubdivisions. Students find real help understanding all thepractical information on the physical aspects of planning and urbandesign they are required to know, including: * Plans and plan making * Environmental planning and management * Building types * Transportation * Utilities * Parks and open space, farming, and forestry * Places and districts * Design considerations * Projections and demand analysis * Impact assessment * Mapping * Legal foundations * Growth management preservation, conservation, and reuse * Economic and real estate development Planning and Urban Design Standards, Student Edition providesessential specification and detailing information for various typesof plans, environmental factors and hazards, building types,transportation planning, and mapping and GIS. In addition, expertadvice guides readers on practical and graphical skills, such asmapping, plan types, and transportation planning.

Built Environment and Walking & Cycling Around Metro Stations

Author : Yanan Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 137 pages
File Size : 52,8 Mb
Release : 2023-11-14
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9789819977239

Get Book

Built Environment and Walking & Cycling Around Metro Stations by Yanan Liu Pdf

This book explores the relationship between pedestrians/cyclists’ mode and route choice to/from metro/railway stations and the micro-level (street-scale) built environment in a second-tier city in China. More specifically, it investigates how the street-scale built environment influences pedestrians/cyclists’ mode choice and route choice behavior and examines user preferences for the micro-level built environment around metro stations. The focus on a second-tier city is motivated primarily to expand the set of Chinese cities where the effects of the built environment on pedestrian/cyclist mode and route choice have been studied. Results demonstrate the effects of the street-scale built environment on pedestrian flows. The effects are higher for the main road, which is directly connected with the metro station. The findings of this book are expected to support the design of preferred walking/biking built environments around a metro station. This book appeals to urbanists, planners, engineers, policy makers, and those interested in a wide-ranging overview of slow/green transportation and built environment promotion. These methods not only help to understand the quantitative relationship between built environment design and travel behavior but also support the evaluation and assessment of built environment design in urban planning projects. It reduces the gap in our understanding of the quantitative relationship between the micro-level built environment and pedestrians/cyclists’ transportation mode and route choice around the metro station. Both stated choice data and revealed choice data were used. An extended set of micro-level built environment attributes was developed. Besides the widely studied transportation-related factors, street-level built environment factors were studied using quantitative methods.

Light Pollution Handbook

Author : Kohei Narisada,Duco Schreuder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 966 pages
File Size : 44,9 Mb
Release : 2013-06-05
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781402026669

Get Book

Light Pollution Handbook by Kohei Narisada,Duco Schreuder Pdf

Constituting the first holistic overview including practical remedies, this handbook provides the background needed by anyone grappling with the complex issue of outdoor lighting and its effects. It describes not only the problems that astronomers and other night sky observers face in reducing the problems of information loss due to light pollution, as well as the problems lighting technologists face in optimising outdoor lighting installations that cause little or no light pollution. The first part is directed to decision makers and managers of outdoor space and covers the areas of general interest, culminating in recommendations to reduce the impact of light pollution. The second part is directed primarily to scientists and engineers, as a support to the design and maintenance of outdoor lighting installations, with special reference to astronomical observations. Elaborating issues from the first part, these contributions include examples that refer to specific outdoor lighting projects and to more general policy and educational measures. Written for designers of lighting equipment and managers of astronomical observatories, but also aimed at the authorities and decision makers responsible for the organization and maintenance of the public space, it will serve a good purpose in graduate or postgraduate curricula for scientists, engineers, economists and law students. This handbook fills the gap that exists between astronomical textbooks, engineering texts and popular brochures about light pollution.

The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures

Author : Robert C. Brears
Publisher : Springer Nature
Page : 2334 pages
File Size : 49,8 Mb
Release : 2023-01-13
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9783030877453

Get Book

The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures by Robert C. Brears Pdf

While urban settlements are the drivers of the global economy and centres of learning, culture, and innovation and nations rely on competitive dynamic regions for their economic, social, and environmental objectives, urban centres and regions face a myriad of challenges that impact the ways in which people live and work, create wealth, and interact and connect with places. Rapid urbanisation is resulting in urban sprawl, rising emissions, urban poverty and high unemployment rates, housing affordability issues, lack of urban investment, low urban financial and governance capacities, rising inequality and urban crimes, environmental degradation, increasing vulnerability to natural disasters and so forth. At the regional level, low employment, low wage growth, scarce financial resources, climate change, waste and pollution, and rising urban peri-urban competition etc. are impacting the ability of regions to meet socio-economic development goals while protecting biodiversity. The response to these challenges has typically been the application of inadequate or piecemeal solutions, often as a result of fragmented decision-making and competing priorities, with numerous economic, environmental, and social consequences. In response, there is a growing movement towards viewing cities and regions as complex and sociotechnical in nature with people and communities interacting with one another and with objects, such as roads, buildings, transport links etc., within a range of urban and regional settings or contexts. This comprehensive MRW will provide readers with expert interdisciplinary knowledge on how urban centres and regions in locations of varying climates, lifestyles, income levels, and stages development are creating synergies and reducing trade-offs in the development of resilient, resource-efficient, environmentally friendly, liveable, socially equitable, integrated, and technology-enabled centres and regions.

Road Lighting

Author : Wout van Bommel
Publisher : Springer
Page : 334 pages
File Size : 42,8 Mb
Release : 2014-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9783319114668

Get Book

Road Lighting by Wout van Bommel Pdf

This book outlines the underlying principles on which modern road lighting is based, and provides the reader with knowledge of how these principles should be applied in practice. This book offers a completely fresh approach to the subject, reflecting how the technology of road lighting has progressed to keep up with the changes in lamp technology, especially in solid state light sources, and the increasing awareness of energy use and environmental issues. The book is divided into three parts. Part One describes lighting of open roads, with chapters discussing visual performance and comfort (including the effects of mesopic vision and age), and international standards and recommendations for road lighting. Lighting equipment is introduced; specifically lamps and luminaires in terms of their practical properties and features, but also the road surface and its characteristics. A chapter on Lighting Design makes the link between theory and practice, providing the reader with the knowledge needed for effective lighting design, including aspects relating to sustainability. The final chapter of Part One deals with lighting calculation conventions and measurements. Part Two is devoted to light pollution. The negative consequences of light pollution are described and tactics to restrict light pollution explained. Lighting criteria are defined that can be used by the lighting designer to guarantee installations stay within acceptable limits. International standards and recommendations on the restriction of light pollution are discussed. Part Three is devoted to tunnel lighting, with chapters discussing visual performance in tunnel environments, lighting criteria, standards and recommendations, and concluding with a chapter on tunnel lighting equipment and design. This book is a valuable resource for road lighting designers and engineers, students of lighting design and engineering, town planners, traffic engineers, environmental specialists, and lamp and luminaire developers and manufacturers.

Impact of Crosswalk Lighting Improvements on Pedestrian Safety -- a Literature Review

Author : Elisabeta Mitran,Julius Codjoe,Emmaline Edwards
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 32 pages
File Size : 50,6 Mb
Release : 2020
Category : Pedestrian crosswalks
ISBN : OCLC:1222909809

Get Book

Impact of Crosswalk Lighting Improvements on Pedestrian Safety -- a Literature Review by Elisabeta Mitran,Julius Codjoe,Emmaline Edwards Pdf

This study conducted a nationwide literature review to obtain the state of knowledge on the relationship between lighting conditions and pedestrian crashes, assessing how lighting countermeasures at crosswalks improve pedestrian safety. The study gathered information on crosswalk lighting treatments, existing national guidelines for lighting at pedestrian crossings, and safety effectiveness of pedestrian crosswalks lighting. Reducing pedestrian crashes remains a major challenge in the United States. Pedestrian fatalities have been on the rise in the last 10 years, reaching approximately 6,000 fatalities in 2017, which accounted for 16 percent of all traffic fatalities. Among these pedestrian fatalities, about 75 percent occurred in dark conditions. The high number of crashes during dark conditions advocates for prioritizing lighting countermeasures to improve crosswalks visibility and pedestrian safety. This literature review identified overhead lighting, in-road flashing lights, and bollard level lights as the most used crosswalk lighting treatments. For crosswalk lighting and the amount of light needed to detect pedestrians crossing during nighttime, transportation agencies should consider, wherever feasible, providing adequate lighting at pedestrian crossings, especially where nighttime pedestrian volumes are high. Existing national guidelines recommend the light source to be located at least 10 ft. in front of the crosswalks, a vertical illuminance of 20 lux measured at a height of 5 ft. above the road surface, and street lights to be placed on both sides of the roadway. The review revealed a small number of studies that investigated pedestrian safety with respect to crosswalk lighting. These studies were grouped in three categories: behavioral, modeling, and crash studies. The behavioral studies showed, in general, enhanced lighting at crosswalks led to an improvement in drivers' awareness and yielding to pedestrians, an increase in pedestrian observational behavior, and an increase in the car stopping distance before crosswalks. The modeling studies showed that providing street lighting is associated with lower probabilities of pedestrian fatalities and severe injuries. Crash studies found that providing adequate lighting at intersections helps to reduce the frequency of nighttime crashes and increase safety. Although there is evidence that crosswalk lighting, especially intersection lighting, has a positive impact on nighttime crashes, it is the researchers' conclusion that extensive before-after studies are needed to investigate the safety effects of crosswalks lighting on pedestrian crashes and visibility as well as to develop appropriate crash modification factors. A survey is also recommended to collect information from states or municipalities that may have implemented such countermeasures.

Successes Abroad

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs. Subcommittee on the City
Publisher : Unknown
Page : 716 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 1977
Category : Cities and towns
ISBN : UIUC:30112104079758

Get Book

Successes Abroad by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs. Subcommittee on the City Pdf