Soft Matter Physics

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Soft Matter Physics

Author : Maurice Kleman,Oleg D. Laverntovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 637 pages
File Size : 42,8 Mb
Release : 2007-05-28
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780387217598

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Soft Matter Physics by Maurice Kleman,Oleg D. Laverntovich Pdf

The study of "soft matter" materials with complex properties has raised a number of interesting problems in basic physics, biology, and materials science, all of which promise new and important technological applications. After a review of chemical bonds and phase transitions, the authors treat topics such as surface phenomena, stability of colloidal systems, structural properties of polymers, and topological defects. The monograph's emphasis on underlying physical principles offers a coherent treatment of the great variety of research in the field.

Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials

Author : Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Antonio Manuel Puertas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Page : 444 pages
File Size : 40,6 Mb
Release : 2016-05-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
ISBN : 9781118065624

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Fluids, Colloids and Soft Materials by Alberto Fernandez-Nieves,Antonio Manuel Puertas Pdf

This book presents a compilation of self-contained chapters covering a wide range of topics within the broad field of soft condensed matter. Each chapter starts with basic definitions to bring the reader up-to-date on the topic at hand, describing how to use fluid flows to generate soft materials of high value either for applications or for basic research. Coverage includes topics related to colloidal suspensions and soft materials and how they differ in behavior, along with a roadmap for researchers on how to use soft materials to study relevant physics questions related to geometrical frustration.

Soft Matter Physics

Author : Mohamed Daoud,Claudine E. Williams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 320 pages
File Size : 40,9 Mb
Release : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783662038451

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Soft Matter Physics by Mohamed Daoud,Claudine E. Williams Pdf

In a liquid crystal watch, the molecules contained within a thin film of the screen are reorientated each second by extremely weak electrical signals. Here is a fine example of soft matter: molecular systems giving a strong response to a very weak command signal. They can be found almost everywhere. Soft magnetic materials used in transformers exhibit a strong magnetic moment under the action of a weak magnetic field. Take a completely different domain: gelatin, formed from col lagen fibres dissolved in hot water. When we cool below 37°C, gelation occurs, the chains joining up at various points to form a loose and highly deformable network. This is a natural example of soft matter. Going further, rather than consider a whole network, we could take a single chain of flexible polymer, such as polyoxyethylene [POE = (CH CH O)N, 2 2 5 where N rv 10 ], for example, in water. Such a chain is fragile and may break under flow. Even though hydrodynamic forces are very weak on the molecular scale, their cumulated effect may be significant. Think of a rope pulled from both ends by two groups of children. Even if each girl and boy cannot pull very hard, the rope can be broken when there are enough children pulling.

Soft Matter Physics

Author : Masao Doi
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Page : 272 pages
File Size : 40,8 Mb
Release : 2013-07-04
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780191503511

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Soft Matter Physics by Masao Doi Pdf

Soft matter (polymers, colloids, surfactants and liquid crystals) are an important class of materials in modern technology. They also form the basis of many future technologies, for example in medical and environmental applications. Soft matter shows complex behaviour between fluids and solids, and used to be a synonym of complex materials. Due to the developments of the past two decades, soft condensed matter can now be discussed on the same sound physical basis as solid condensed matter. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of soft matter for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and materials science. The book provides an introduction to soft matter (what it is, and what are the characteristics of such materials), and also provides the reader with the physical basis for understanding and discussing such characteristics in more detail. Many basic concepts, which are required in advanced courses of condensed matter physics, such as coarse graining, scaling, phase separation, order-disorder transition, Brownian motion, and fluctuation-dissipation theorem, are explained in detail with various forms of soft matter used as examples.

Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science

Author : Linda S. Hirst
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 266 pages
File Size : 45,9 Mb
Release : 2019-08-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781351754910

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Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science by Linda S. Hirst Pdf

This revised edition continues to provide the most approachable introduction to the structure, characteristics, and everyday applications of soft matter. It begins with a substantially revised overview of the underlying physics and chemistry common to soft materials. Subsequent chapters comprehensively address the different classes of soft materials, from liquid crystals to surfactants, polymers, colloids, and biomaterials, with vivid, full-color illustrations throughout. There are new worked examples throughout, new problems, some deeper mathematical treatment, and new sections on key topics such as diffusion, active matter, liquid crystal defects, surfactant phases and more. • Introduces the science of soft materials, experimental methods used in their study, and wide-ranging applications in everyday life. • Provides brand new worked examples throughout, in addition to expanded chapter problem sets and an updated glossary. • Includes expanded mathematical content and substantially revised introductory chapters. This book will provide a comprehensive introductory resource to both undergraduate and graduate students discovering soft materials for the first time and is aimed at students with an introductory college background in physics, chemistry or materials science.

Soft Condensed Matter Physics in Molecular and Cell Biology

Author : W.C.K. Poon,David Andelman
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 344 pages
File Size : 45,6 Mb
Release : 2006-01-13
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781420003338

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Soft Condensed Matter Physics in Molecular and Cell Biology by W.C.K. Poon,David Andelman Pdf

Soft condensed matter physics, which emerged as a distinct branch of physics in the 1990s, studies complex fluids: liquids in which structures with length scale between the molecular and the macroscopic exist. Polymers, liquid crystals, surfactant solutions, and colloids fall into this category. Physicists deal with properties of soft matter system

Non-Equilibrium Soft Matter Physics

Author : Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 436 pages
File Size : 55,9 Mb
Release : 2012-02-03
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814458436

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Non-Equilibrium Soft Matter Physics by Shigeyuki Komura,Takao Ohta Pdf

Soft matter is a concept which covers polymers, liquid crystals, colloids, amphiphilic molecules, glasses, granular and biological materials. One of the fundamental characteristic features of soft matter is that it exhibits various mesoscopic structures originating from a large number of internal degrees of freedom of each molecule. Due to such intermediate structures, soft matter can easily be brought into non-equilibrium states and cause non-linear responses by imposing external fields such as an electric field, a mechanical stress or a shear flow. Volume 4 of the series in Soft Condensed Matter focuses on the non-linear and non-equilibrium properties of soft matter. It contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of non-equilibrium soft matter physics written by leading experts in the field. The topics dealt with in this volume includes rheology of polymers and liquid crystals, dynamical properties of Langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface, hydrodynamics of membranes and twisted filaments as well as dynamics of deformable self-propelled particles and migration of biological cells. This book serves both as an introduction to students as well as a useful reference to researchers. Contents:Onsager's Variational Principle in Soft Matter Dynamics (M Doi)Rheo-Dielectric Behavior of Soft Matters (H Watanabe, Y Matsumiya, K Horio, Y Masubuchi and T Uneyama)Morphology and Rheology of Immiscible Polymer Blends in Electric and Shear Flow Fields (H Orihara)Dynamical Aspects of Two-Dimensional Soft Matter (F Sagués, J Claret and J Ignés-Mullol)Hydrodynamic Effects in Multicomponent Fluid Membranes (S Komura, S Ramachandran and M Imai)Actively Twisted Polymers and Filaments in Biology (H Wada & R R Netz)Dynamics of Deformable Self-Propelled Particles: Relations with Cell Migration (M Sano, M Y Matsuo and T Ohta) Readership: Students and professionals working in the field of soft condensed matter. Keywords:Soft Matter;Active Matter;Rheology;Polymer;Liquid Crystal;Membrane;ColloidKey Features:Non-equilibrium Soft Matter Physics is a rapidly growing new research fieldAll the contributors are the top researchers in this fieldThe book also highlights the strong areas of research in Japan

Essentials of Soft Matter Science

Author : Francoise Brochard-Wyart,Pierre Nassoy,Pierre-Henri Puech
Publisher : CRC Press
Page : 290 pages
File Size : 55,7 Mb
Release : 2019-08-02
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781498773966

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Essentials of Soft Matter Science by Francoise Brochard-Wyart,Pierre Nassoy,Pierre-Henri Puech Pdf

Authored by world-leading physicists, this introductory textbook explores the basic principles of polymers, colloids, liquid crystals, wetting, and foams. It is a practical ‘toolbox’ for readers to acquire basic knowledge in the field and facilitate further reading and advanced courses. Undergraduate students in physics, biology, and the medical sciences will learn the basics of soft matter physics, in addition to scaling approaches in the spirit of the Nobel prize laureate in physics in 1991, Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, the inventor of soft matter physics and close collaborator to author Françoise Brochard-Wyart. Features: Accessible and compact approach Contains exercises to enhance understanding All chapters are followed by a short 1-2 page "insert chapter" which serve as illustrations with concrete examples from everyday life (e.g. the Paris Metro, a zebrafish, a gecko, duck feathers etc.)

Experimental and Computational Techniques in Soft Condensed Matter Physics

Author : Jeffrey Olafsen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Page : 128 pages
File Size : 46,9 Mb
Release : 2010-09-02
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781139489812

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Experimental and Computational Techniques in Soft Condensed Matter Physics by Jeffrey Olafsen Pdf

Soft condensed matter physics relies on a fundamental understanding at the interface between physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering for a host of materials and circumstances that are related to, but outside, the traditional definition of condensed matter physics. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book uniquely discusses both the contemporary experimental and computational manifestations of soft condensed matter systems. From particle tracking and image analysis, novel materials and computational methods, to confocal microscopy and bacterial assays, this book will equip the reader for collaborative and interdisciplinary research efforts relating to a range of modern problems in nonlinear and non-equilibrium systems. It will enable both graduate students and experienced researchers to supplement a more traditional understanding of thermodynamics and statistical systems with knowledge of the techniques used in contemporary investigations. Color versions of a selection of the figures are available at

Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Piazza
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Page : 280 pages
File Size : 41,9 Mb
Release : 2011-03-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789400705852

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Soft Matter by Roberto Piazza Pdf

Roberto Piazza says: “Physics should be made simple enough to be amusing, but not so trivial as to spoil the fun.” This is exactly the approach of this book in making the science of ‘soft matter’ relevant to everyday life things such as the food we eat, the plastic we use, the concrete we build with, the cells we are made of.

Introduction To Soft Matter Physics

Author : Zhou Luwei
Publisher : World Scientific
Page : 352 pages
File Size : 46,7 Mb
Release : 2019-02-26
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789813275119

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Introduction To Soft Matter Physics by Zhou Luwei Pdf

Soft matters differ from hard ones essentially due to former's relatively weak interaction which is comparable to kBTrm (Trm = room temperature) — this results in the major characteristics of soft matters such as 'strong reactions upon weak actions'.Developed over a period of 10 years through soft matter physics lectures for both graduate and undergraduate students in Fudan University, this textbook not only concentrates on the basic interactions inside soft matters through a reductionist approach, but also introduces the exploratory works on the complexity of soft matters in methods of system science.Other important topics in soft matter physics which are included involve static and dynamic electrorheological (ER) effects — an important 'model animal' in the subject, granular media — which explains the thermodynamics of sands and its dynamics, and the Onsager principle of least energy dissipation rate which has been adapted in this textbook to see how it governs the optimal paths of a system's deviation from and restoration to equilibrium.The subject of soft matter physics is still in its infancy, making it highly exciting and attractive. If you like a challenging subject, you will most certainly fall in love with soft matter physics at first read!

The Oxford Handbook of Soft Condensed Matter

Author : Eugene Michael Terentjev
Publisher : Oxford Handbooks
Page : 605 pages
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Release : 2015
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780199667925

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The Oxford Handbook of Soft Condensed Matter by Eugene Michael Terentjev Pdf

This Handbook serves both as an introduction and an overview of the field of soft condensed matter. The discussion covers topics ranging from the fundamentals of colloid science to the principles and action of surfactants, modern directions of research in liquid crystals, and the key properties of foams. The book also explores the fundamental physics that controls the structure and mechanics of granular matter; how the unusual and often dramatic mechanical properties of concentrated polymer systems are determined by the physics of entanglements; the complex structures formed by block copolymers and the methods of structure analysis; rubber elasticity and new emerging classes of rubber-elastic materials; the physics of polyelectrolytes; the solvent dynamics in polymer gels, in equilibrium and under mechanical stress; and the hierarchical structure and characteristics of an extracellular matrix.

Soft Condensed Matter

Author : Richard A.L. Jones
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Page : 207 pages
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Release : 2002-06-20
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780198505907

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Soft Condensed Matter by Richard A.L. Jones Pdf

This text offers an introduction to the properties and behaviour of soft matter. It begins with a treatment of the underlying principles, then discusses how the properties of certain substances and systems are treated within this framework.

Soft Matter Self-Assembly

Author : C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli
Publisher : IOS Press
Page : 494 pages
File Size : 50,8 Mb
Release : 2016-07-14
Category : SCIENCE
ISBN : 9781614996620

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Soft Matter Self-Assembly by C.N. Likos,F. Sciortino,E. Zaccarelli Pdf

Self-assembly is one of the key concepts in contemporary soft condensed matter. It is an umbrella term which encompasses the various modes of spontaneous organization of micrometer-and submicrometer-sized particles into ordered structures of various degrees of complexity, yet it often relies on remarkably simple interactions and mechanisms. Self-assembly is one of the key principles used by nature to construct living matter, where it frequently takes place in a hierarchical fashion. This book contains the lectures from the Enrico Fermi summer school: Soft Matter Self-assembly, held in Varenna, Italy, in June and July 2015. The primary aim of the school was to cover the most exciting modern aspects of self-assembly in soft condensed matter physics, and to enable Ph.D. students and postdocs to engage with some of the most exciting and current topics in the physics of colloids through a series of mini-courses and seminars hosted by leading figures in the field. Subjects covered include: colloids with directional bonding; pathways of self-organization; self-assembly hydrodynamics; polymer structure and dynamics; liquid-crystal colloid dispersions; and self-organizing nanosystems. The proceedings also include two reprints from Reviews of Modern Physics, and will be of interest to both students and experts in the field.